Leslie Parrish (born Marjorie Hellen; March 18, 1935) is an American actress, activist, environmentalist, writer, and producer. She worked under her birth name for six years, changing it in 1959.
Leslie Parrish (circa 1962)
March 18, 1935
Melrose, Massachusetts, U.S.
|Occupation||Actress, activist, writer, producer|
(m. 1955; div. 1961)
(m. 1977; div. 1999)
As a child, Parrish lived in Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, New York, and New Jersey. At the age of 10, she finally settled in Upper Black Eddy, Pennsylvania. At the age of 14, Parrish was a talented and promising piano and composition student at the Philadelphia Conservatory of Music. At the age of 16, Parrish earned money for her tuition by working as a maid and a waitress, and by teaching piano. At the age of 18, to earn enough money to be able to continue her education at the Conservatory, her mother persuaded her to become a model for one year.
Modeling and actingEdit
In April 1954, as a 19-year-old model with the Conover Agency in New York City, she was under contract to NBC-TV as "Miss Color TV" (she was used during broadcasts as a human test pattern to check accuracy of skin tones). She was quickly discovered and signed with Twentieth Century Fox in Hollywood. In 1956, she was put under contract to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Because acting allowed her to help her family financially, she remained in Hollywood and gave up her career in music.
Films and televisionEdit
Parrish co-starred/guest-starred in numerous films and television shows throughout the 1960s and 1970s. She first gained wide attention in her first starring role as Daisy Mae in the movie version of Li'l Abner (1959), where she changed her name from Marjorie Hellen to Leslie Parrish at the director's request. She appeared in the film The Manchurian Candidate (1962), playing Laurence Harvey's on-screen wife, Jocelyn Jordan. Other film credits include starring opposite Kirk Douglas in For Love or Money (1963) and Jerry Lewis in Three on a Couch (1966), among others.
Parrish amassed an extensive résumé of television credits. Among many other credits, Parrish appeared in guest starring roles on episodes of The Wild Wild West, My Three Sons, Family Affair, The Man From U.N.C.L.E., Adam-12, Mannix, Good Morning World, Police Story, Batman and McCloud. In 1967, she guest-starred on Star Trek in an episode entitled "Who Mourns For Adonais?" She played Lt. Carolyn Palamas, the love interest for the character Apollo, played by Michael Forest. The following year she played opposite Peter Breck in an episode of The Big Valley entitled "A Bounty on a Barkley".
Parrish was the Associate Producer on the film version of Jonathan Livingston Seagull (1973). Among other things, she hired the director of photography Jack Couffer—who later received an Academy Award nomination for his efforts—and she was responsible for the care of the film's real-life seagulls, which she kept inside a room at a Holiday Inn for the duration of the shoot. When the relationship between author Richard Bach and director Hall Bartlett disintegrated and a lawsuit followed, Parrish was appointed as the mediator between the two men. However, her final credit was demoted from Associate Producer to "Researcher".
While acting provided financial stability, her main interest was in social causes including the anti-war and civil rights movements and, as far back as the mid 1950s, the environment.
Over time, her interests in social movements and politics became her main work. She was a vocal opponent of the Vietnam War, a member of the Jeannette Rankin Brigade, a group of notable women who fought against the war and for civil rights. In 1967, she participated in a peace march in Century City (near Beverly Hills) where she and thousands of other protestors were attacked and beaten by police and the National Guard. The President of the United States was present at the Century Plaza Hotel and helicopters were flying overhead with machine guns pointed at the marchers, but no mention of this event was made on television or newspapers.
Parrish started to make speeches in the Los Angeles area, telling residents what the media did not report and speaking out against the war. Impressed with her speaking abilities several anti-war professors from UCLA asked her to organize more like-minded actors and actresses willing to speak out. Within two weeks she had created "STOP!" (Speakers and Talent Organized for Peace), an organization of two dozen members ready to engage the public. Within a very short time this organization grew to 125 speakers and many more as time went on.
On August 6, 1967, Parrish helped organize a protest march of 17,000 people on the "Miracle Mile" of Wilshire Boulevard in Los Angeles. This march was thoroughly covered by the media and received national attention. She also created a popular bumper sticker: 'Suppose they gave a war and no one came'. She and her friends distributed hundreds from their vehicles. Walter Cronkite reported that Bobby Kennedy had one in his plane. Someone later published the bumper sticker, changing the original wording to 'WHAT IF they gave a war and no one came' but to Parrish, the important thing was spreading that message.
In October 1967, a private meeting was arranged between Parrish and Bobby Kennedy by mutual friend and well-known Kennedy photographer, Stanley Tretick. She begged Bobby to run for president telling him that huge, influential organizations opposed to the war in Vietnam were ready to support him if he ran. Kennedy refused again and again, saying he could not oppose Lyndon Johnson, a sitting president. On November 30, Eugene McCarthy, a brilliant yet little-known senator, declared he would run against the war and challenge Johnson. Parrish was elected chair of his speaker's bureau and utilized STOP! to develop support for McCarthy. On March 12, 1968, McCarthy almost defeated Johnson in the New Hampshire primary winning 42% of the vote. On March 16 (four days later) Bobby Kennedy announced that he would run for president. Two weeks later, on March 31, Johnson declared that he would not run again for president. Parrish remained loyal to McCarthy and was elected a delegate to represent him in August at the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago.
On April 4, 1968, Parrish and Leonard Nimoy (who was a STOP! member and supporter of Eugene McCarthy) flew to San Francisco to open McCarthy's new headquarters there. After they left, they learned of the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. Nimoy and Parrish cried during the speeches they gave that evening. On June 5, just after learning that he had won the California Democratic presidential primary, came the assassination of Robert F. Kennedy.
In August, during the Chicago Democratic Convention, McCarthy delegates, including Parrish, spent little time on the convention floor. The real work on the night of the nomination, August 28, was outside the Hilton Hotel where violent actions by police against anti-war demonstrators and spectators was being covered by live television  and thousands of people chanted "The Whole World is Watching."
Hubert Humphrey was nominated by the convention but lost the election to Richard Nixon. While still in Chicago, the peace movement began working toward the 1972 election, hoping to elect George McGovern. McGovern did win primaries and Parrish served as a delegate at the 1972 Democratic Convention in Miami, Florida. But McGovern lost to Richard Nixon.
During this very active era in politics, Parrish worked in numerous political campaigns (presidential, gubernatorial, senatorial, congressional, mayoral) and with many different organizations producing public events and fund-raisers for them. Her last major production was the National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam (MOBE) held November 16, 1969 at San Francisco's Polo Grounds.
Los Angeles municipal governmentEdit
In 1969, Parrish joined many in an effort to remove Los Angeles mayor Sam Yorty from office. She supported and campaigned for a former police lieutenant named Tom Bradley who was then the city's first black city councilman. Despite high polling numbers prior to the election, Bradley lost to Yorty, giving rise to what was later known as "The Bradley Effect." Next day, he decided to run again, and over the next four years Parrish worked with him closely to help ensure victory in the next mayoral election. In 1973, Tom Bradley became Los Angeles’s first black mayor. Parrish was one of forty activist citizens who served on Bradley's Blue Ribbon Commission to choose new Los Angeles Commissioners. Over the next 20 years, Tom Bradley brought massive development to the city and was reelected five times, setting a record for length of tenure. Parrish and Tom Bradley remained friends for many years.
Creator of innovative televisionEdit
The lack of media coverage during the Century City riots in 1967 prompted Parrish to think of a new way to cover such events live to prevent suppression and/or manipulation of the news. In 1969, she began to create a television station that would devote itself to covering public events and provide in-depth analysis and discussions of important developments in the world. In 1974, KVST-TV  (Viewer Sponsored Television, Channel 68, Los Angeles) went on the air as part of the PBS system of stations. Film notables, business people and local activists formed the board of directors and provided support for the unique station. After a difficult start, KVST was receiving positive reviews in Los Angeles and nationwide attention. However, by 1976, internal dissention on the board of directors led to the demise of the station. The signal was turned off and KVST-TV was never heard from again. In 1979, C-SPAN went on the air. It mirrored many of KVST's objectives including the mobile bus to cover distant events live. It developed the concepts further, and is a major success today.
Parrish's concern for the environment dates back to the 1950s when Los Angeles’ severe smog, and the reason for it, worried her. In 1979, she and her then-husband, Richard Bach, built an experimental home in southwest Oregon using 100% solar power with no cooling or heating systems, in order to prove it could be done.
While living in Oregon, Parrish saw devastated forests managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and decided to protest a local timber sale. With two neighbors, she and Richard established an organization called "Threatened and Endangered: Little Applegate Valley" (TELAV). They worked for two years researching and writing a 600-page legal and scientific protest of BLM's logging of forests which would not regenerate, which was illegal. The BLM assistant state director eventually agreed, telling the Medford Mail Tribune that …"The sale involves enough improprieties in BLM rules and procedures that it can’t be legally awarded. In order to comply with our own procedures we had no choice but to withdraw the sale and reject all bids." The TELAV protest document served as the basis for many future timber sale protests in the U.S. and Canada. TELAV continues to fight for the environment to this day and the Little Applegate Valley has never been logged.
In 1999, Parrish created a 240-acre wildlife sanctuary on Orcas Island (in the San Juan Islands, Washington State) to save it from normal development techniques which include logging. She named it the "Spring Hill Wildlife Sanctuary". For seventeen years, she carefully developed the ridge-top property by creating nearly a dozen small, hidden home sites on 25% of the land while preserving the remainder in perpetuity within the San Juan Preservation Trust. While the property is now fully developed there are no breaks in the heavily-forested ridge line. The developed land is invisible from the island community and the forest is intact.
Parrish married songwriter Ric Marlow in 1955; the couple divorced in 1961. In 1977, she married Richard Bach, the author of the 1970 book Jonathan Livingston Seagull, whom she met during the making of the 1973 movie of the same name. She was a major element in two of his subsequent books—The Bridge Across Forever (1984) and One (1988)—which primarily focused on their relationship and Bach's concept of soulmates. They divorced in 1999.
* credited as Marjorie Hellen
General television creditsEdit
|Airdate||Series title||Episode title||Role||Network|
|January 3, 1959||Steve Canyon||"Operation Big Thunder"||Jo||CBS|
|February 29, 1959||77 Sunset Strip||"Lovely Alibi"||Jodie (uncredited)||ABC|
|1959||Bold Venture||—||unknown||ZIV Television Prod.|
|May 21, 1959||The Rough Riders||"Deadfall"||Cleopatra||ABC|
|April 12, 1960||Tightrope||"Gangsters Daughter"||Theresa||CBS|
|April 30, 1960||Perry Mason||"The Case of the Madcap Modiste"||Hope Sutherland||CBS|
|June 2, 1960||Bat Masterson||"The Elusive Baguette"||Lucy Carter||NBC|
|September 21, 1960||The Aquanauts||"Collision"||Jill Talley||CBS|
|October 22, 1960||The Roaring 20s||"Champagne Lady"||Bubbles LaPeer||ABC|
|December 15, 1960||Bat Masterson||"A Time to Die"||Lisa Anders||NBC|
|December 21, 1960||Hawaiian Eye||"Services Rendered"||Marcella||ABC|
|December 23, 1960||Michael Shayne||"Death Selects the Winner"||Ellen Cook||NBC|
|January 27, 1961||77 Sunset Strip||"The Positive Negative"||Amanda Sant||ABC|
|April 3, 1961||Acapulco||"Fisher's Daughter"||unknown||NBC|
|April 17, 1961||Surfside 6||"Circumstantial Evidence"||Sunny Golden||ABC|
|April 18, 1961||The Jim Backus Show (aka: Hot off the Wire)||"The Plant"||unknown||CNP Syndicate|
|June 28, 1961||Bringing Up Buddy||"The Couple Next Door"||unknown||CBS|
|September 16, 1961||Perry Mason||"The Case of the Impatient Partner"||Vivien Ames||CBS|
|October 22, 1961||Follow the Sun||"Busmans Holiday"||Tiffany Caldwell||ABC|
|November 6, 1961||Surfside 6||"The Affairs at Hotel Delight"||Lavender||ABC|
|November 25, 1961||Perry Mason||"The Case of the Left-Handed Liar"||Veronica Temple||CBS|
|January 9, 1962||Bachelor Father||"Kelly and the Yes Man"||Kim Fontaine||ABC|
|February 14, 1962||Hawaiian Eye||"Four-Cornered Triangle"||Kathy Marsh||ABC|
|February 27, 1962||Ichabod and Me||"Bobs Housekeeper"||Lily Fontain||CBS|
|February 21, 1963||Alcoa Premiere||"Chain Reaction"||Vicki||ABC|
|December 4, 1963||Channing||"A Dolls House with Pom Pom and Trophies"||Joyce Ruskin||ABC|
|March 28, 1964||The Lieutenant||"Operation Actress"||Toni Kaine||NBC|
|November 12, 1964||Kraft Suspense Theatre||"The Kamchatka Incident"||Susan King||NBC|
|November 21, 1964||Kentucky Jones||"The Sour Note"||Miss Patterson||NBC|
|November 27, 1964||The Reporter||"Murder by Scandal"||Ruth Killiam||CBS|
|October 1, 1965||The Wild Wild West||"The Night the Wizard Shook the Earth"||Greta Lundquist||CBS|
|December 4, 1965||Insight||"Fire Within"||Joanne||Syndicated|
|January 20, 1966||Batman||"The Penguins a Jinx"||Dawn Robbins||ABC|
|September 15, 1966||My Three Sons||"Stag at Bay"||Flame LaRose||CBS|
|1966 (Fall)||Green for Danger||pilot episode||unknown||CBS|
|October 21, 1966||The Wild Wild West||"The Night of the Flying Pie Plate"||Morn/Maggie||CBS|
|February 17, 1967||Tarzan||"Mask of Rona"||Beryl||NBC|
|March 29, 1967||Batman||"The Duo Defy"||Glacia Glaze||ABC|
|March 30, 1967||Batman||"Ice Spy"||Glacia Glaze||ABC|
|September 22, 1967||Star Trek||"Who Mourns for Adonais?"||Lt. Carolyn Palamas||NBC|
|October 3, 1967||Good Morning World||"World, Buy Calimari" (pilot episode)||Audrey Zeiner||CBS|
|October 16, 1967||The Man From U.N.C.L.E.||"The Masters Touch Affair"||Leslie Welling||NBC|
|January 6, 1968||The Iron Horse||"Dry Run to Glory"||Eve Lewis||ABC|
|February 26, 1968||The Big Valley||"A Bounty on a Barkley"||Layle Johnson||ABC|
|March 16, 1968||Mannix||"The Girl in the Frame"||Linda Marley||CBS|
|January 5, 1969||My Friend Tony||Voices||Lila||NBC|
|March 17, 1969||Family Affair||"Speak for Yourself, Mr. French"||Emily Travers||CBS|
|October 18, 1969||Mannix||"The Playground"||Mona||CBS|
|November 8, 1969||Petticoat Junction||"The Tenant"||Jacquelin Moran||CBS|
|November 16, 1969||To Rome with Love||"A Palazzo Is Not a Home"||Elaine||CBS|
|December 8, 1969||Love, American Style||"Love and the Mountain Cabin"||Mrs. Pfister||ABC|
|October 31, 1970||Mannix||"The Other Game in Town"||T.C.||CBS|
|February 5, 1971||Love, American Style||"Love and the Pulitzer Prize"||Michelle Turner||ABC|
|February 28, 1971||Hogan's Heroes||"Kommandant Gertrude"||Karen||CBS|
|November 4, 1971||Bearcats!||"Blood Knot"||Liz Blake||CBS|
|December 14, 1971||Marcus Welby M.D.||"Cross Match"||Elaine Perino||NBC|
|January 31, 1972||Cade's County||"Slay Ride" - Part 1||Jana Gantry||CBS|
|February 6, 1972||Cade's County||"Slay Ride" - Part 2||Jana Gantry||CBS|
|March 10, 1972||O'Hara, U.S. Treasury||"Operation: Smokescreen"||Olga Miles||CBS|
|December 20, 1972||Adam 12||"Gifts and Long Letters"||Sharon Blake||NBC|
|January 8, 1974||The Magician||"Shattered Image"||Lydia||NBC|
|February 12, 1974||Police Story||"The Ripper"||Mrs. Delaley||NBC|
|October 13, 1974||McCloud||"The Gang That Stole Manhattan"||Lynne OConnell||NBC|
|September 13, 1977||Logan's Run||"The Collectors"||Joanna||CBS|
|April 30, 1978||Police Story||"No Margin for Error"||Georgie Hayes||NBC|
Variety show credits (live TV)Edit
|Airdate||Series title||Episode title||Role||Network|
|January 12, 1960||The Red Skelton Show||"Clem Kadiddlehopper in Dog Patch"||Daisy June||CBS|
|April 4, 1961||The Red Skelton Show||"Clem's Theatre"||Daisy June||CBS|
|January 23, 1962||The Red Skelton Show||"Clem and the Kadiddlehopper Hop"||Daisy June||CBS|
In-depth interview programEdit
|1975||Monday Through Friday||Hosted by Rafer Johnson and Leslie Parrish||KLAC Channel 13, Los Angeles|
|November 19, 1962||Here's Hollywood||Jack Linkletter (Interviewer) – S.2, Ep.52||NBC|
|May 24, 1966||The Tonight Show||Jerry Lewis (guest-host)||NBC|
|The Dating Game||several broadcast in the early 1960s|
|Stump The Stars||several broadcast in the 1960s|
- "Full Biography - The Official Leslie Parrish Website". www.leslieparrish.net.
- "19 year-old serves as guinea pig for Color TV". Tuscaloosa News. May 10, 1954. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
- "Looking at Hollywood". Chicago Tribume Archive (14). Chicago Tribune. November 13, 1954. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
- "Identification Girl". People Today: 55, 56, 57, 58. September 22, 1954.
- "Leslie Parrish (1935-)". Brian's Drive-In Theater. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
- "Why can't a starlet save..." Lewiston Evening Journal: 7. December 8, 1954.
- "The Private Life and Times of Marjorie Hellen". Glamour Girls of the Silver Screen. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
- "Leslie Parrish". TVGuide.com. TV Guide. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
- "Production diary from 'Who Mourns for Adonais?'". These are the Voyages - Star Trek TOS. Jacobs Brown Press. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
- Zanzie, Adam (6 April 2011). "Icebox Movies: Jonathan Livingston Seagull (1973): Hall Bartlett's Masterpiece".
- "Woman Power in the United States". Ramparts: 31. February 1968.
- "Woman Power in the United States". Ramparts: 22–31. February 1968.
- Green, Paul (2007). Pete Duel: A Biography. McFarland. p. 88. ISBN 978-0786430628.
- Faragher, Johnny. "Day of Protest, Night of Violence 1967". Scribd. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Elaine Elinsen, Stan Yogi (2009). Wherever There's A Fight. Heyday Publishing. ISBN 978-1597141147. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Green, Paul (2007). Pete Duel: A Biography. McFarland. p. 85. ISBN 978-0786430628.
- Burstyn, Ellen (2007). Lessons in Becoming Myself. Penguin. p. 151. ISBN 978-1594482687. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
- "Leslie Parrish finally shakes 'Daisy Mae' Image" (PDF). Fulton History Newspapers. Weekly Observer. March 3, 1968. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
- "Blessed are the Educators". Inner Michael. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
- "Famous Quotes". IZ Quotes. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
- "War Quotes". Quonation. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
- Kelly, Kitty (2012). Capturing Camelot: Stanley Tretick's Iconic Images of the Kennedys. Thomas Dunne Books. ISBN 978-0312643423. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
- Duggan, Bob. "How Photographer Stanley Tretick Captured Kennedy's Camelot". Big Think. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Burstyn, Ellen (2007). Lessons in Becoming Myself. Penguin. p. 154. ISBN 978-1594482687. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
- Shesol, Jeff (998). Mutual Contempt: Lyndon Johnson, Robert Kennedy, and the Feud that Defined a Decade. W. W. Norton & Company. p. 412. ISBN 978-0393318555. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Green, Paul (2007). Pete Duel : A Biography. McFarland. p. 84. ISBN 9780786441174.
- Green, Paul (2007). Paul Dean: A Biography. McFarland. p. 87. ISBN 9780786441174.
- Duncan, David Douglas (1969). Self-Portrait: U.S.A. Harry N. Abrams. pp. 200, 201 (photo). ISBN 978-1199573766.
- "The Internet's Most Comprehensive Source of U.S. Political Biography". Political Graveyard. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
- Wagner, Eleanor Klein. Independent Political Coalitions, Electoral, Legislative and Community: Oral History Transcript. Forgotten Books. p. 251. ISBN 978-1152521582. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
- "The Nixon Administration and Watergate". History Commons. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- "City March, Rally Draw Huge, Peaceful Crowds". The Sanford Daily (37). Stanford. November 17, 1969. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
- "Bradley Effect". BallotPedia. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- "Leslie Parrish". AmIAnnoying.com. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
- A Trumpet to Arms - Alternative Media in America. South End Press. 1981. p. 222. ISBN 978-0896081932.
- Wagner, Eleanor Klein (1977). Independent Political Coalitions, Electoral, Legislative and Community: Oral History Transcript - 'The Deliberate Destruction of KVST-TV'. Forgotten Books. pp. 106, 107 (pages 10, 11 online text). ISBN 978-1-152-52158-2. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
- Wagner, Eleanor Klein (1977). Independent Political Coalitions, Electoral, Legislative and Community: Oral History Transcript. Forgotten Books. pp. 251, 252. ISBN 9781152521582. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
- "Wild Setting". Bioregional Congress. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Bach, Richard (1984). The Bridge Across Forever. Pan Publishing. pp. 254–261. ISBN 9780440108269. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
- North, Gary (1983). Tactics of Christian Resistance - Chapter: 'Computer Guerrillas' (PDF). Geneva Divinity. pp. 210, 215–218. ISBN 978-0939404070.
- Bratt, Chris. "Honoring community voices" (PDF). Applegator. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
- "TELAV - Threatened and Endangered: Little Applegate Valley". Deep Wild. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
- "Spring Hill Conservation Easement". San Juan Preservation Trust. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
- "The Private Life and Times of Marjorie Hellen". Glamour Girls of the Silver Screen. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
- "Finding Peace and Purpose in a troubled World". Triumph of the Spirit. 6 January 2010. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
- Podolsky, J.D. (April 27, 1992). "The Seagull has Landed". People Magazine. 37 (19). Retrieved 13 August 2015.
- The International Leslie Parrish Website - The Official Site / Full Biography page
- Cushman, Marc (2014). These are the Voyages - Star Trek TOS, Season Two. Jacob Brown Media Group. ISBN 978-1199573766.
- Duncan, David Douglas (1969). Self-Portrait: U.S.A.. Harry N. Abrams. ISBN 978-0989238151.
- Armstrong, David (1981). A Trumpet to Arms: Alternative Media in America. South End Press. ISBN 978-0896081932.
- Wagner, Eleanor Klein (1977). Independent Political Coalitions, Electoral, Legislative and Community: Oral History Transcript. Forgotten Books. ISBN 978-1176537408.
- Bach, Richard (1984). The Bridge Across Forever. Pan Publishing. ISBN 9780440108269.
- Green, Paul (2007). Pete Duel: A Biography. McFarland. ISBN 978-0786430628.
- Who's Who in America 1978-1979 - Volume 2 (40th ed.). Marquis Who's Who. 1978. p. 2504. ISBN 9780837901404.