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Daddy Long Legs (1955) is a Hollywood musical comedy film set in France, New York City, and the fictional college town of Walston, Massachusetts. The film was directed by Jean Negulesco, and stars Fred Astaire, Leslie Caron, Terry Moore, Fred Clark, and Thelma Ritter, with music and lyrics by Johnny Mercer. The screenplay was written by Phoebe Ephron and Henry Ephron, loosely based on the 1912 novel Daddy-Long-Legs by Jean Webster.
|Daddy Long Legs|
|Directed by||Jean Negulesco|
|Written by||Henry Ephron|
by Jean Webster
|Produced by||Samuel G. Engel|
|Edited by||William H. Reynolds|
|Distributed by||20th Century Fox|
|May 4, 1955|
|Box office||$2.5 million (US rentals)|
This was the first of three consecutive Astaire films set in France or with a French theme (the others being Funny Face and Silk Stockings), following the fashion for French-themed musicals established by ardent Francophile Gene Kelly with An American in Paris (1951), which also featured Kelly's protégée Caron. Like The Band Wagon, Daddy Long Legs did only moderately well at the box office.
Wealthy American Jervis Pendleton III has a chance encounter at a French orphanage with cheerful 18-year-old resident Julie Andre. He anonymously pays for her education at a New England college. She writes letters to her mysterious benefactor, whom she calls Daddy Long Legs (based on her fellow orphans' description of his shadow), but he never writes back. Several years later, he visits her at school, still concealing his identity. Despite their wide age difference, they fall in love.
- Fred Astaire as Jervis Pendleton III
- Leslie Caron as Julie Andre
- Terry Moore as Linda Pendleton
- Thelma Ritter as Alicia Pritchard
- Fred Clark as Griggs
- Charlotte Austin as Sally McBride
- Larry Keating as Ambassador Alexander Williamson
- Kathryn Givney as Gertrude Pendleton
- Kelly Brown as Jimmy McBride
- Ray Anthony as Himself (as Ray Anthony and His Orchestra)
Producer Darryl F. Zanuck envisioned a remake, this time seeking to star singer-actress Mitzi Gaynor. The project would not be realized until Zanuck met Fred Astaire and was inspired to make Daddy Long Legs a musical film. While Zanuck still envisioned Gaynor for the main female role, Astaire insisted on casting actress and dancer Leslie Caron. Caron was then loaned to Fox by MGM, with whom Caron was still under contract.
Production was halted in July 1954, as Astaire's wife Phyllis became ill from lung cancer. She died in September, putting Astaire in a state of grief and stalling his work on the film. Although replacements were sought for Astaire's role as too much money had already been spent on the production, he resumed and completed the film.
Key songs/dance routinesEdit
Astaire had previously attempted to integrate ballet into his dance routines in Shall We Dance (1937). As his first film in Cinemascope widescreen–which he was to parody later in the "Stereophonic Sound" number from Silk Stockings (1957)–Daddy Long legs provided Astaire the opportunity to explore the additional space available, with the help of his assistant choreographer Dave Robel. Roland Petit designed the much-maligned[by whom?] "Nightmare Ballet" number. As usual, Astaire adapted his choreography to the particular strengths of his partner, in this case ballet. Even so, Caron ran into some problems making the film, her last dance musical, which she attributed to her early musical training. Astaire mentioned in his biography that "one day at rehearsals I asked her to listen extra carefully to the music, so as to keep in time."
- "History of the Beat": This is an Astaire song-and-dance solo using drumsticks performed in an office environment, recalling the "Nice Work If You Can Get It" routine from A Damsel in Distress (1937) and the "Drum Crazy" number from Easter Parade (1948). As this was the first number to be filmed, some commentators[who?] have speculated that it was affected by Astaire's grief at his wife's death.
- "Daddy Long Legs": An off-screen female chorus sings this attractive number while Caron muses fondly at a blackboard cartoon sketch of Astaire.
- "Daydream Sequence": Astaire appears in three guises: a Texan, an international playboy and a guardian angel based on images of him described in letters from Caron. As a Texan, he performs a comic square-dance routine to a short song dubbed by Thurl Ravenscroft, the only time in his career that Astaire's voice was dubbed. As an international playboy, he tangoes his way through a flock of women, including Barrie Chase, later to be his dance partner in all of his television specials from 1958 to 1968. The third routine is a gentle romantic dance with Caron, who performs graceful ballet steps while Astaire glides admiringly around her.
- "Sluefoot": This is a boisterous and joyous dance with Astaire and Caron involving sharp leg movements. Astaire inserts a short and zany solo segment, and the chorus join in toward the end. The band leader in this scene is Ray Anthony.
- "Something's Gotta Give": Astaire was grateful to his friend Mercer for composing this now-famous standard, as he felt that the film lacked a strong popular song. Some commentators[who?] have detected a certain stiffness in Caron, especially in her upper body.
- "Nightmare Ballet": This is a solo routine for Caron frequently criticized[by whom?] for its content and length (12 minutes).
- "Dream": This is a short romantic routine for Astaire and Caron with dreamlike twirling motifs and, unusually for Astaire, a kiss.
Awards and honorsEdit
- Art Direction-Set Decoration, Color (Lyle R. Wheeler, John DeCuir, Walter M. Scott, Paul S. Fox)
- Best Music, Scoring of a Musical Picture (Alfred Newman)
- Best Music, Original Song (Johnny Mercer, for the song "Something's Gotta Give")
The film was also nominated for the Writers Guild of America Award for Best Written American Musical (Phoebe Ephron, Henry Ephron).
The film was nominated by the American Film Institute for inclusion in these lists:
- Solomon, Aubrey. Twentieth Century Fox: A Corporate and Financial History (The Scarecrow Filmmakers Series). Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 1989. ISBN 978-0-8108-4244-1. p249
- 'The Top Box-Office Hits of 1955', Variety Weekly, January 25, 1956
- Maltin, Leonard; Green, Spencer; Edelman, Rob; Scheinfeld, Michael; Weaver, Tom (2015). Classic Movie Guide: From the Silent Era Through 1965. ISBN 9780147516824. Retrieved 2015-09-29.
- "Turner Classic Movies: Daddy Long Legs". Turner Classic Movies.
- Capua, Michelangelo (September 2017). Jean Negulesco: The Life and Films. Jean Negulesco. ISBN 9781476666532. Retrieved 2017-07-28.
- "NY Times: Daddy Long Legs". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-10-18. Retrieved 2008-12-22.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-18.
- "AFI's Greatest Movie Musicals Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-18.