Legislature V of Italy

The Legislature V of Italy (Italian: V Legislatura della Repubblica Italiana) was the 5th legislature of the Italian Republic, and lasted from 5 June 1968 until 24 May 1972.[1][2] Its composition was the one resulting from the general election of 19 May 1968.

Legislature V of Italy

V legislatura della Repubblica Italiana
5th legislature
Type
Type
HousesChamber of Deputies
Senate of the Republic
History
Founded5 June 1968 (1968-06-05)
Disbanded24 May 1972 (1972-05-24) (3 years, 354 days)
Preceded byIV Legislature
Succeeded byVI Legislature
Leadership
Structure
Seats630 (C)
315+ (S)
Italian Chamber of Deputies 1968.svg
Chamber of Deputies political groups
  •   DC (266)
  •   PCI (177)
  •   PSU (91)
  •   PLI (31)
  •   MSI (24)
  •   PSIUP (23)
  •   PRI (9)
  •   PDIUM (6)
  •   Others (3)
Italian Senate 1968.svg
Senate political groups
Elections
Proportional
Proportional
Last general election
19 May 1968
Meeting place
Palazzo Montecitorio, Rome (C)
Palazzo Madama, Rome (S)
Website
Fifth Legislature – Chamber of Deputies
Fifth Legislature – Senate
Constitution
Constitution of Italy

It was the first republican legislature to be dismissed before its term's natural expiration.

Main chronologyEdit

The period of the late 1960s–1970s came to be known as the Opposti Estremismi, (from left-wing and right-wing extremists riots), later renamed anni di piombo ("years of lead") because of a wave of political terrorist attacks.

After another short Leone's government, on 12 December 1968 Mariano Rumor sworn is as Prime Minister for the first time, leading a government composed by DC, PSU and PRI.[3]

 
Mariano Rumor speaks to the Chamber of Deputies in March 1970

Between 1968 and 1970 a notable number of progressive reforms were carried out. On 11 December 1969 a new law extended access to higher education to all students holding a higher secondary school diploma. It was formerly limited to students who came from classical, and in some cases, scientific, curricula. Another bill, approved on 30 April 1969, introduced broad provisions covering pensions under the general scheme. The multiplying coefficient was increased to 1.85%, applied to average earnings of the best 3 years in the last 5 years of work (maximum pension, after 40 years of contribution: 74% of previous earnings). A social pension was also introduced for people over the age of 65 with low incomes and not eligible for any type of pension. In addition, cost of living indexation for all pensions (with the exception of social pensions) was introduced.[4]

Rumor led three different governments. The second one, from August 1969 to February 1970, was a DC-only government; its collapse led to a 45-day long period without government. After this period, which included an attempt by former Prime Minister Amintore Fanfani to form a government, Rumor led a new coalition with PSI, PRI and PSDI from March until July 1970.[5]

After another centre-left government lead by Emilio Colombo, in February 1972 Giulio Andreotti was asked to form a new government which didn't obtained the confidence of the Parliament. On 28 February 1972 President Giovanni Leone dismissed the Parliament and called the first snap election in the history of the Italian Republic.[citation needed]

Presidential electionEdit

On 9 December 1971 the Parliament and the representatives of the 20 Italian regions met to elect the fifth President of Italy. On 24 December 1971 the christian democrat Giovanni Leone was elected on the twenty-third ballot with 518 votes out of 1008.[citation needed]

GovernmentEdit

Portrait Prime Minister Party Term of office Government Composition
Took office Left office
  Giovanni Leone
(1908–2001)
DC 24 June 1968 12 December 1968 Leone II DC
(with PSU and PRI's external support)
  Mariano Rumor
(1915–1990)
DC 12 December 1968 5 August 1969 Rumor I DC  • PSU  • PRI
(Organic Centre-left)
5 August 1969 27 March 1970 Rumor II DC
(with PSI, PSDI and PRI's external support)
27 March 1970 6 August 1970 Rumor III DC  • PSI  • PSDI  • PRI
(Organic Centre-left)
  Emilio Colombo
(1920–2013)
DC 6 August 1970 17 February 1972 Colombo DC  • PSI  • PSDI  • PRI
(Organic Centre-left)
  Giulio Andreotti
(1919–2013)
DC 17 February 1972 26 June 1972 Andreotti I DC

Parliamentary compositionEdit

Chamber of DeputiesEdit

 
Sandro Pertini, President of the Chamber of Deputies
Parliamentary groups in the Chamber of Deputies
Initial composition[6]
(5 June 1968)
Final composition[6]
(24 May 1972)
Parliamentary group Seats Parliamentary group Seats Change
Christian Democracy 266 Christian Democracy 263   3
Italian Communist Party 177 Italian Communist Party 166   11
Unified Socialist Party 91 Italian Socialist Party 62  
Italian Democratic Socialist Party 29
Italian Liberal Party 31 Italian Liberal Party 30   1
Italian Social Movement 24 Italian Social Movement 25   1
Italian Socialist Party of Proletarian Unity 23 Italian Socialist Party of Proletarian Unity 22   1
Italian Republican Party 9 Italian Republican Party 9  
Italian Democratic Party of Monarchist Unity 6 Italian Democratic Party of Monarchist Unity 5   1
Mixed 3 Mixed 19   16
Südtiroler Volkspartei 3 Südtiroler Volkspartei 3  
Independent–Non inscrits 16   16
Total seats 630 Total seats 630  

Senate of the RepublicEdit

 
Amintore Fanfani, President of the Senate
Parliamentary groups in the Senate of the Republic
Initial composition[7]
(5 June 1968)
Final composition[7]
(24 May 1972)
Parliamentary group Seats Parliamentary group Seats Change
Christian Democracy 135 Christian Democracy 137   2
Italian Communist Party 101 Italian Communist Party 102   1
Unified Socialist Party 46 Italian Socialist Party 40  
Italian Democratic Socialist Party 6
Italian Liberal Party 16 Italian Liberal Party 16  
Italian Social Movement 11 Italian Social Movement 13   1
Mixed 6 Mixed 2   4
Italian Democratic Party of Monarchist Unity 2 Italian Democratic Party of Monarchist Unity 0   2
Italian Republican Party 2 Italian Republican Party 0   2
Südtiroler Volkspartei 2 Südtiroler Volkspartei 2  
Total seats 315 Total seats 315  

Senators for LifeEdit

Senator Motivation Appointed by From Till
Giovanni Gronchi Former President of Italy ex officio Previous legislature Next legislature
Cesare Merzagora Merits in the social field President Antonio Segni Previous legislature Next legislature
Ferruccio Parri Merits in the social field President Antonio Segni Previous legislature Next legislature
Meuccio Ruini Merits in the social and scientific field President Antonio Segni Previous legislature 6 March 1970 (deceased)
Antonio Segni Former President of Italy ex officio Previous legislature Next legislature
Eugenio Montale Merits in the literary field President Giuseppe Saragat Previous legislature Next legislature
Giovanni Leone Merits in the social field President Giuseppe Saragat Previous legislature 29 December 1971 (elected President of Italy)
Pietro Nenni Merits in the social field President Giuseppe Saragat 25 November 1970 Next legislature
Giuseppe Saragat Former President of Italy ex officio 29 December 1971 Next legislature
Amintore Fanfani Merits in the social field President Giovanni Leone 10 March 1972 Next legislature

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Camera dei Deputati – 5ª Legislatura". www.storia.camera.it (in Italian). Retrieved 12 February 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ "Senato della Repubblica – 5ª Legislatura". www.senato.it (in Italian). Retrieved 12 February 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ Governo Rumor I
  4. ^ La DC ricorda Mariano Rumor, Imola Oggi
  5. ^ "RUMOR IS SEEKING TO STAFF A CABINET". The New York Times. Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  6. ^ a b "V Legislatura della Repubblica italiana / Legislature / Camera dei deputati – Portale storico". storia.camera.it (in Italian). Retrieved 12 February 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ a b "senato.it – Composizione dei gruppi parlamentari nella V Legislatura". www.senato.it (in Italian). Retrieved 12 February 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)