Legio XVI Flavia Firma

Legio XVI Flavia firma ("Steadfast Flavian Sixteenth Legion") was a legion of the Imperial Roman army. The legion was created by Emperor Vespasian in 70 from the remains of the XVI Gallica (which had surrendered in the Batavian rebellion). The unit still existed in the 4th century, when it guarded the Euphrates border and camped in Sura (Syria). The emblem of the legion was a Pegasus,[1][2] although earlier studies assumed it to have been a lion.[3]

Map of the Roman empire in AD 125 under emperor Hadrian, showing the Legio XVI Flavia Firma stationed on the river Euphrates at Samosata (Samsat, Turkey), in the Roman province of Syria, where it was stationed from AD 117 until the 4th century

Attested membersEdit

Name Rank Time frame Province Source
Lucius Cornelius Pusio Annius Messalla legatus before 70 CIL VI, 37056
Lucius Domitius Apollinaris[4] legatus c. 84-87 IGR III.558 = TAM II.569
Lucius Neratius Proculus[5] legatus c. 138 CIL IX, 2457
Gaius Septimius Severus[5] legatus c. 155
Lucius Fabius Cilo[6] legatus between 180 and 184 CIL VI, 1408 = ILS 1141;
CIL VI, 1409 = ILS 1142
Lucius Marius Perpetuus[6] legatus after 200 CIL III, 1178 = ILS 1165;
CIL III, 6709 = ILS 5899
Publius Tullius Varro[7] tribunus laticlavius c. 120 CIL X, 3364 =ILS 1047
Marcus Accenna Helvius Agrippa tribunus laticlavius 2nd century CIL II, 1262

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Oliver Stoll: Römisches Heer und Gesellschaft. Gesammelte Beiträge 1991–1999, Steiner, Stuttgart 2001, ISBN 3-515-07817-7, pp. 66f.
  2. ^ Marion Meyer: Die Personifikation der Stadt Antiocheia: ein neues Bild für eine neue Gottheit, de Gruyter, Berlin-New York 2006, p. 246.
  3. ^ For example, Yann Le Bohec: Die römische Armee von Augustus zu Konstantin dem Großen, Steiner, 1993, ISBN 3-515-06300-5, p. 287.
  4. ^ Bernard Rémy, Les carrières sénatoriales dans les provinces romaines d'Anatolie au Haut-Empire (31 av. J.-C. - 284 ap. J.-C.) (Istanbul: Institut Français d'Études Anatoliennes-Georges Dumézil, 1989), pp. 253f
  5. ^ a b Géza Alföldy, Konsulat und Senatorenstand unter der Antoninen (Bonn: Rudolf Habelt Verlag, 1977), p. 301
  6. ^ a b Paul M. M. Leunissen, Konsuln und Konsulare in der Zeit von Commodus bis Severus Alexander (Amsterdam: J.C. Gieben, 1989), p. 344
  7. ^ Anthony Birley, The Fasti of Roman Britain (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1981), pp. 239f

External linksEdit