The Learned Council[3] (Persian: هیئت علمیه, romanizedHeyʿat-e Elmīyeh) was a political group of clerics in the 3rd Parliament, led by Hassan Modarres.[1]

Learned Council
ChamberIranian Parliament
LeaderHassan Modarres
17 / 115 (15%)
Political positionRight-wing[2]

According to Touraj Daryaee, it did not consider itself a party and was a group of "hardline rightists particularly opposed to the Democrats".[2] The group opposed the policy of centralization advocated by the government, secularization of penal code, property tax, conscription and women's suffrage.[2][3]


  1. ^ a b Enayat, Hadi (2013). "Chapter 3". Law, State, and Society in Modern Iran: Constitutionalism, Autocracy, and Legal Reform, 1906-1941. Springer. ISBN 978-1137282026.
  2. ^ a b c Daryaee, Touraj (2012). The Oxford Handbook of Iranian History. Oxford Handbooks in History. Oxford University Press. pp. 340–341. ISBN 978-0199732159.
  3. ^ a b Amin, Camron Michael (2002). The Making of the Modern Iranian Woman: Gender, State Policy, and Popular Culture, 1865-1946. University Press of Florida. pp. 38–40. ISBN 0813031265.