Latvian National Theatre

The Latvian National Theatre (Latvian: Latvijas Nacionālais teātris) is one of the leading professional theatres in Latvia. The building is in the Eclectic style and is an architectural and artistic monument. The country of Latvia was proclaimed in this building in the year 1918. On 23 February, the theatre will celebrate its 100th anniversary. The director of National Theatre of Latvia since 2006 has been Ojārs Rubenis.[1]

Latvian National Theatre
Nacionālais teātris.jpg
General information
Architectural styleHistoricism
Town or cityRīga
CountryLatvia
Construction started1899
Completed1902
ClientRiga City Council
Design and construction
ArchitectAugust Reinberg

MissionEdit

The mission of Latvia's National Theatre is to be the centre of national culture and art with the goal of introducing the art of theatre and current events in culture, through national values, to an even larger part of society.

The National Theatre's vision for the future is to theatrically concentrate theatre's, art's and culture's most valuable pieces, by regularly introducing Latvian classics, original work, foreign theatre experience and current events to the viewer.

There are also plans to include the most interesting and the most talented professionals, continue the development of theatre as an art form, as well as strengthen the collaboration between theatres and other cultural organizations.

The guidelines for the National Theatre's development ensure the chance for the viewer to be introduced to all the events happening in the life of theatre in Latvia and with the most valuable foreign plays, as well as an opportunity to be a part of some of the best of the National Theatre's plays that are in the international circle.[2][3]

LocationEdit

The Latvian National Theatre is situated in the centre of Latvia's capital city Riga, on the bank of the Riga Canal.[4] Located just outside the Old Town, it stands in a park where the Citadel used to be.

HistoryEdit

In 1897 Riga’s city council decided that it was not enough to have just one theatre in Riga. Riga’s first theatre was the German Theatre, currently the Opera House. A competition was held to choose the design of the new building. The Augusts Reinbergs project "Dum spiro, spero" ("While I breathe, I hope") won and construction began, mainly funded by local Russian merchants and some nobility. The theatre was opened to the public on 14 September 1902 as Riga's Second Russian theatre and held both theatre and opera performances. Although this was Russian language theatre, by 1917 Riga Latvian Society was renting the premises to hold plays in Latvian.

During the First World War the theatre was evacuated, but by 1918 it was already back in business, and on 15 October staged Richard Wagner's The Flying Dutchman. Just over a month later, Latvia announced its independence for the first time, with the declaration being read from the theatre's stage. The only remaining photograph from this historic event was taken in the theatre's main hall.

In 1919, during a brief period of Bolshevik rule, the makeshift government named it the Workers’ Theatre, but it became the Latvian National Theatre soon after and on 30 November the official opening took place with a staging of Rūdolfs Blaumanis "Ugunī" ("In Fire"). The creative program was authored by Jānis Akurāters, a Latvian writer, then head of the Art department of the Ministry of Education.

During the Soviet occupation, the Latvian National Theatre could not keep its nationalistic name, so it became Riga's Dramatic Theatre, only to revert to the previous name upon the restoration of independence 40 years later.

The current managing director of the theatre is Ojārs Rubenis and the artistic director is Edmunds Freibergs[4]

LayoutEdit

The building is a combination of style; the facade has both eclectic and baroque features as well as elements of Art Nouveau, which was extremely popular in Riga at the time. The interior is very functional, but in the various ornaments you can find elements of classicism. There are three halls in the theatre: the Great Hall (with 750 seats), the Actors Hall (with, depending on the play, 50–90 seats), and the LMT New Hall (with, depending on the play, 60–120 seats). Some seasons there is a fourth hall, "The Horror Bus", where a play by that name is held for children.[5]

ActorsEdit

There are 49 actors, 23 freelance actors and 17 directors in the group.[3]

Theatre groupEdit

  • Ainārs Ančevskis
  • Kaspars Aniņš
  • Uldis Anže
  • Jānis Āmanis
  • Romāns Bargais
  • Marija Bērziņa
  • Dace Bonāte
  • Madara Bore
  • Madara Botmane
  • Mārtiņš Brūveris
  • Indra Burkovska
  • Raimonds Celms
  • Ilva Centere
  • Agnese Cīrule
  • Maija Doveika
  • Uldis Dumpis
  • Mārtiņš Egliens
  • Daiga Gaismiņa
  • Gundars Grasbergs
  • Juris Hiršs
  • Ģirts Jakovļevs
  • Zane Jančevska
  • Astrīda Kairiša
  • Daiga Kažociņa
  • Anna Klēvere
  • Ivars Kļavinskis
  • Arturs Krūzkops
  • Lāsma Kugrēna
  • Normunds Laizāns
  • Juris Lisners
  • Ģirts Liuziniks
  • Dita Lūriņa
  • Mārcis Maņjakovs
  • Egils Melbārdis
  • Inga Misāne-Grasberga
  • Ivars Puga
  • Sanita Pušpure
  • Kārlis Reijers
  • LieneSebre
  • Uldis Siliņš
  • Jānis Skanis
  • Evija Skulte
  • Ināra Slucka
  • Jurģis Spulenieks
  • Igors Šelegovskis
  • Voldemārs Šoriņš
  • Jānis Vimba
  • Līga Zeļģe
  • Kaspars Zvīgulis[3]

Freelance actorsEdit

  • Anta Aizupe
  • Zane Aļļēna
  • Lolita Cauka
  • Alise Danovska
  • Zane Dombrovska
  • Artis Drozdovs
  • Kaspars Dumburs
  • Rasma Garne
  • Baiba Indriksone
  • Juris Jope
  • Kristians Kareļins
  • Kārlis Krūmiņš
  • Ance Kukule
  • Kristaps Ķeselis
  • Līga Liepiņa
  • Marija Linarte
  • Zigurds Neimanis
  • Uldis Norenbergs
  • Ilze Rudolfa
  • Inta Tirole
  • Arno Upenieks
  • Māra Zemdega
  • Ausma Ziemele[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Latvijas Nacionālais teātris". teatris.lv (in Latvian). Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  2. ^ "Latvijas Nacionālais teātris". teatris.lv (in Latvian). Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d "Latvijas Nacionālais teātris". teatris.lv (in Latvian). Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Latvian National Theatre, Riga - EAT RIGA - HOME". EAT RIGA - HOME. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  5. ^ DELFI. "Latvijas Nacionālais teātris". DELFI (in Latvian). Retrieved 8 May 2018.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 56°57′13″N 24°06′18″E / 56.95361°N 24.10500°E / 56.95361; 24.10500