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The Laponian area is a large mountainous wildlife area in the Lapland province in northern Sweden, more precisely in Gällivare Municipality, Arjeplog Municipality and Jokkmokk Municipality.

Laponian area
Sarek Skierffe Rapadelta.jpg
An example of the naturesque wilderness
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Location Lapland, Sweden
Coordinates 67°20′00″N 17°35′00″E / 67.33333°N 17.58333°E / 67.33333; 17.58333
Area 9,400 km2 (1.01×1011 sq ft)
Includes Sjaunja Nature Reserve
Muddus National Park
Padjelanta National Park
Sarek National Park
Stora Sjöfallet National Park
Stubba nature reserve Edit this on Wikidata
Criteria Cultural and Natural: (iii), (vii), (viii), (ix), (v) Edit this on Wikidata
Reference 774
Inscription 1996 (20th Session)
Laponian area is located in Sweden
Laponian area
Location of Laponian area

It was made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996; the bulk of it had enjoyed protected status since the early 20th century. The area was made a heritage site for both natural and cultural reasons.[1]

The total area is about 9,400 square kilometres (3,600 sq mi), making it the world's largest unmodified nature area to be still cultured by natives—the natives in this case being the reindeer herding Sami people.[2] Only parts of the area is actually used for pasture by them. With such a large space, the geography of the area varies greatly; it is dominated by mountains, rivers and lakes. Each nature reserve and national park has its distinctive features. The amount of snow in winter and rain in summer is considerable.

95% of the area is protected as national parks or nature reserves. It consists of the national parks Muddus, Sarek, Padjelanta and Stora Sjöfallet, and the nature reserves Sjaunja and Stubba.[3] The remaining 5% are located in the areas of Sulitelma, Tjuoltadalen, and Rapadalen (part of which is in the Sarek park).

The village of Porjus is a natural point of entry to the Laponian area and has recently opened an information center.

The Laponia area also contains three major hydropower stations with belonging basins and a big expansion of 100 wind power stations inside the world heritage area is planned.

The highest mountain of the area is Sarektjåhkkå, at 2,089 metres (6,854 ft).

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bourdeau, Laurent (2016). World Heritage Sites and Tourism. Routledge. ISBN 1134784376. 
  2. ^ The Future of the World Heritage Convention for Marine Conservation. UNESCO. 2016. p. 117. ISBN 9231001949. 
  3. ^ "Wild Heart of Sweden". National Geographic. October 2015. Retrieved 26 April 2017. 

External linksEdit