Lantau Peak or Fung Wong Shan (literally "Phoenix Mountain") is the second highest peak in Hong Kong and the highest point on Lantau Island, with a height of 934 metres (3,064 ft) above sea level.[1]

Lantau Peak
鳳凰山
Lantau Peak, Hongkong.jpg
Lantau Peak rises high above the Tian Tan Buddha.
Highest point
Elevation934 m (3,064 ft)
Prominence934 m (3,064 ft)
Coordinates22°14′59.17″N 113°55′16.69″E / 22.2497694°N 113.9213028°E / 22.2497694; 113.9213028Coordinates: 22°14′59.17″N 113°55′16.69″E / 22.2497694°N 113.9213028°E / 22.2497694; 113.9213028
Geography
Lantau Peak is located in Hong Kong
Lantau Peak
Lantau Peak
Location of Lantau Peak in Hong Kong
LocationLantau Island,  Hong Kong
Lantau Peak
Traditional Chinese鳳凰山
Simplified Chinese凤凰山

Name originEdit

The mountain is actually made up of a pair of peaks, one is known as "Fung Shan" (male phoenix mountain) and the other is "Wong Shan" (female phoenix mountain), together they form "Fung Wong Shan".

GeologyEdit

Lantau Peak is formed by Volcanic rocks, including porphyritic rhyolites,[2] like many of the tallest mountains in Hong Kong, such as Tai Mo Shan. Some shorter mountains in Hong Kong are formed by older Granitic rocks.

Lantau Peak is also the source of water for Tung Chung River, a major river on Lantau Island.[3]

 
Geological map of Hong Kong showing the distribution of faults and different rock types in Hong Kong. Lantau Peak is in the Green area (Volcanic Rock) on Lantau Island

ClimateEdit

Lantau Peak is located in central Lantau Island, with an elevation of 934 meters above sea level (23 metres shorter than Tai Mo Shan, Hong Kong's highest peak).[1] Under the Köppen climate classification, Lantau Peak features a subtropical highland climate. Due to its elevation, strong winds and fog occur throughout the year. Winter is cold with temperatures often dipping below 0 °C; summer is warm with temperatures reaching tops of 18-22 °C; spring is cool and humid; autumn is cool and dry. Because there is no weather station at the top of Lantau Peak (934m), the Ngong Ping Weather Station of the Hong Kong Observatory (593m)[4] can be used as reference for the temperature at the summit.

Climate data for Lantau Peak
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8.3
(46.9)
10.2
(50.4)
11.9
(53.4)
14.2
(57.6)
16.6
(61.9)
17.8
(64.0)
18.5
(65.3)
19.2
(66.6)
18.7
(65.7)
16.6
(61.9)
13.5
(56.3)
10.0
(50.0)
14.6
(58.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.9
(40.8)
7.2
(45.0)
9.0
(48.2)
13.1
(55.6)
14.8
(58.6)
16.3
(61.3)
16.9
(62.4)
17.1
(62.8)
16.3
(61.3)
13.8
(56.8)
10.6
(51.1)
6.8
(44.2)
12.2
(54.0)
Average low °C (°F) 2.3
(36.1)
4.9
(40.8)
6.8
(44.2)
10.0
(50.0)
13.1
(55.6)
14.7
(58.5)
15.3
(59.5)
15.3
(59.5)
14.5
(58.1)
11.9
(53.4)
8.4
(47.1)
4.2
(39.6)
10.1
(50.2)
Source: Climate Data for Lantau Peak — Hong Kong Observatory

AccessEdit

 
The starry light and galaxy in Lantau Peak

Lantau Peak is one of the most popular hiking spots in Hong Kong and can be reached by the Lantau Trail. At the foot of Lantau Peak, a tourist spot called the Wisdom Path (心經簡林) can be found.[5]

This peak is famous for the sunrise scenery viewed from the summit.[6] To catch a view of the Lantau Peak sunrise, hikers may begin their climb from the Youth Hostel near Ngong Ping before dawn.

 
Lantau Peak (middle) and Kau Nga Ling (left)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Lantau South". www.afcd.gov.hk. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  2. ^ "Lantau Volcanic Group (undifferentiated) - Jlu". www.cedd.gov.hk. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  3. ^ "JC WISE - Rivers@HK Database | Faculty of Social Sciences, HKU". www.jcwise.hk. Retrieved 15 April 2021.
  4. ^ "Variation of Wind Direction and Speed". www.hko.gov.hk. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  5. ^ "Tourism Commission - Completed". www.tourism.gov.hk. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  6. ^ "Lantau Peak | Hong Kong Tourism Board". www.discoverhongkong.com. Retrieved 18 September 2019.