Languages of Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan is a multiethnic country where the indigenous ethnic group, the Kazakhs, comprise the majority of the population. As of 2021, the population of Kazakhstan is 70.4% Kazakhs, 15.5% Russians, 3.2% Uzbeks, 2.0% Ukrainians, 1.5% Uyghurs and 1.1% Tatars. The official languages of Kazakhstan are Kazakh and Russian. Both Kazakh and Russian are used on equal grounds.[1]

Languages of Kazakhstan
Idioma kazajo.png
The Kazakh-speaking world:
  regions where Kazakh is the language of the majority
  regions where Kazakh is the language of a significant minority
OfficialKazakh (national/state language), Russian (official)
MainKazakh language
MinorityRussian, Uzbek, Turkish, Tatar, Uyghur,
ImmigrantUzbek, Tajik, Turkish, Kyrgyz
ForeignGerman, English, Arabic, Korean
SignedKazakh Sign Language
Keyboard layout
The Kazakh keyboard.
SourceLanguages committee of the Ministry of culture and sports
AlphabetKazakh alphabets
Kazakh Braille

Other languages natively spoken in Kazakhstan are Dungan, Ili Turki, Ingush, Plautdietsch, and Sinte Romani. A number of more recent immigrant languages, such as Belarusian, Korean, Azerbaijani, and Greek are also spoken.[2]


Per 2007 data:

Language % Script
Kazakh 74[3] Cyrillic, Latin
Russian 89[4] Cyrillic
Korean Hangul
German Latin
Polish Latin
Yiddish Hebrew
Ukrainian Cyrillic
Turkish Latin
Uzbek Latin, Cyrillic
Uyghur Perso-Arabic, Latin

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Article 7". Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
  2. ^ "Kazakhstan". Ethnologue. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  3. ^ "Мемлекеттін 70 % мемлекеттік тілде сөйлей алады —". Archived from the original on 18 January 2013. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
  4. ^ [1][permanent dead link]