Langebro (literally "Long Bridge") is a bascule bridge across the Inner Harbour of Copenhagen, Denmark, connecting Zealandside H. C. Andersens Boulevard to Amagerside Amager Boulevard. It is one of only two bridges to carry motor vehicles across the harbour in central Copenhagen, the other being Knippelsbro.

Langebro
Port of Copenhagen - sunset.jpg
Coordinates55°40′13.08″N 12°34′43.46″E / 55.6703000°N 12.5787389°E / 55.6703000; 12.5787389Coordinates: 55°40′13.08″N 12°34′43.46″E / 55.6703000°N 12.5787389°E / 55.6703000; 12.5787389
CarriesMotor vehicles, pedestrian and bicycle traffic
CrossesCopenhagen Inner Harbour
LocaleCity Centre
Islands Brygge
Characteristics
DesignBascule bridge
Total length250 metres (820 ft)
Clearance above7 metres (23 ft)
History
DesignerKaj Gottlob
Construction start1949
Construction end1954
Location

HistoryEdit

1690: The first LangebroEdit

 
Langebro in c. 1860 from the tower of Christian's Church

Completed in 1690, the first bridge located roughly where Langebro is today was known as Kalvebodbro (Kalvebod Bridge) and connected the Western Rampart's Rysensteen Bastion on Zealand with Christianshavn Rampart's Christianshavns Vold#Kalvebod Bastion on Christianshavn. It was a wooden structure with a drawbridge in the middle that allowed ships to pass. The bridge was built for the military but was also open to civilian pedestrians.[1]

The bridge was refurbished several times. It was widened in 1875-76.

1903: The Swing BridgeEdit

 
The swing bridge in 1923 with Amager Boulevard in the bottom right corner

Plans for a new Langebro were first presented in 1885 but not realized until 1903. The new bridge was located 400 ft to the south of the old one, Vestre Boulevard (now H. C. Andersens Boulevard) and connected to the Amager Boulevard on the other side of the harbor. It was a swing bridge resting on nine stone pillars.

The swing bridge was both used for both trams and the Amagerbanen railroad.

1939: The temporary bridgeEdit

With growing automobile traffic, the new bridge soon became outdated and a new temporary bridge was constructed in 1930. The bridge was subject to sabotage on 23 March 1945.[2]

1954Edit

 
Langebro today. In direction towards Amager.

The temporary bridge was replaced by the current Langebro in 1954.[3]

Lille LangebroEdit

Lille Langebro pedestrian and cycling bridge north of Langebro was completed in 2019.[4][5]

Cultural referencesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Da Langebro kun var for soldater". Berlingske (in Danish). Retrieved 1 February 2017.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Kvægtorvsstationen". evp.dk (in Danish). Retrieved 1 February 2017.
  3. ^ "Langebro". Selskabet for Københavns Historie. Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2009-11-12.
  4. ^ "Lille Langebro". Realdania By & Byg. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  5. ^ "Lille Langebro". RIBA Architecture. 2021. Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  6. ^ "H.C. Andersen : Langebro". H. C. Andersen Centret. Retrieved 2009-11-12.
  7. ^ "Reptilicus, 1961". plaschicke.dk. Archived from the original on 2009-01-03. Retrieved 2009-11-12.
  8. ^ "Film 2 Olsenbanden på spanden Die Olsenbande in der Klemme". olsenbande-homepage.de (in German). Retrieved 2014-05-29.
  9. ^ "Film 7 Olsen banden på sporet / Die Olsenbande stellt die Weichen". olsenbande-homepage.de (in German). Retrieved 5 October 2017.
  10. ^ "Reptilicus, 1961". DVM. Retrieved 2009-11-12.[permanent dead link]

External linksEdit