Langa, Western Cape
Langa is a township in Cape Town, South Africa. Its name in Xhosa means "sun". The township was initially built in phases before being formally opened in 1927. It was developed as a result of South Africa's 1923 Urban Areas Act (more commonly known as the "pass laws"), which was designed to force Africans to move from their homes into segregated locations. Similar to Nyanga, Langa is one of the many areas in South Africa that were designated for Black Africans before the apartheid era. It is the oldest of such suburbs in Cape Town and was the location of much resistance to apartheid.
|Municipality||City of Cape Town|
|Main Place||Cape Town|
|• Councillor||Mayenzeke Sopaqa (Ward 51) (ANC)|
Neliswa Nqose (Ward 52) (Independent)
Brian Watkyns (Ward 53) (DA)
|• Total||3.09 km2 (1.19 sq mi)|
|• Density||17,000/km2 (44,000/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|• Black African||99.1%|
|First languages (2011)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (SAST)|
|Postal code (street)|
Langa is also where several people were killed on 21 March 1960, the same day as the Sharpeville massacre, during the anti-pass campaign. On 21 March 2010, now 50 years later, a monument was unveiled by the government in remembrance of the people who lost their lives while on the protest march.
Langa is bordered by Jan Smuts Drive to the west, the N2 to the south, and the N7 to the east, and is served by Langa Railway Station.
Although Langa literally means "sun" in Xhosa, the name of the township is derived from the name of Langalibalele – a chief and renowned rainmaker who in 1873 was imprisoned on Robben Island for rebelling against the Natal government. Various prominent people fought for his release and he was subsequently confined to a farm called "Uitvlugt", which is on the site of present-day Pinelands. Langa, which adjoins Pinelands, commemorates this folk hero as it was developed in 1898 on the land known as "Langalibalele's Location". Hence Langa is often called "Kwa-Langa" meaning "place of Langa".
Langa was originally designed in a way to allow the authorities maximum visibility and control of residents. In the early years local laws prohibiting the brewing of sorghum beer (utywala) was strongly resented and in the 1930s prohibition was abolished in the area with the construction of municipal beer halls taking place in 1945. In these early years tribal and sub-tribal ethnic identities were still very strong. Often local celebrations by the Mfengu community celebrating their "liberation" from the Xhosa would lead to an increase in tensions. However, the close living conditions of residents in Langa promoted a high degree of neighbourliness and the creation of broader African institutions that promoted a greater sense of community cohesion.
On 30 March 1960 Langa was the starting point for a march of between 30,000 and 50,000 protesters to Caledon Square police station in Cape Town led by Philip Kgosana and the Pan Africanist Congress to protest the apartheid-era pass laws.
Joe Slovo, which was established in 1990, is the largest informal settlement in Langa and one of the largest in the country. It is currently being threatened with forced removals to make way for the N2 Gateway Housing Project. Some parts of the Joe Slovo informal settlement have since been removed and transformed into the N2 Gateway Housing Project (2006), which can be seen when travelling along the N2 highway out of Cape Town.
In 2005 the Guga S’thebe Arts & Culture Centre, a cultural/multi-purpose centre, was officially opened in Langa after unofficially being in operation for a number of years. The first township B&B – Ma Neo's Bed & Breakfast – was opened in Langa in 1999.
On 9 July 2014 Langa was the site of violent protests against a lack of government service delivery, specifically regarding housing, but the protesting soon turned into a more general protest about broader issues such as the Marikana massacre and general living conditions. A number of shops and local businesses were torched and looted and transport links to the rest of the city were closed off by protesters.
- Temba Bavuma (1990–), cricket player
- Fatima Dike (1948–), playwright and theatre director
- Brenda Fassie (1964–2004), anti-apartheid Afropop singer, songwriter, dancer and activist
- Nika Khumalo (1964–), boxer
- Thabo Mngomeni (1969–), football player
- Malusi Siboto (1987–), cricket player
- Thami Tsolekile (1980–), cricket and hockey player
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Langa, Cape Town.|
- "Main Place Langa". Census 2011.
- "Langa Township, Cape Town". SA History Online. Retrieved 12 January 2021.
- Human, Charles (18 July 2017). "Travel like a local: Your neighbourhood guide to Langa". Love Cape Town. Retrieved 12 January 2021.
- "The Langa March, 30 March 1960". South African History Online. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
- "Langa residents remember what happened in 21 March 1960". SABC News. 20 March 2014. Retrieved 12 January 2021.
- "Langa Township". Roddy Bray. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
- "True African Hospitality In Langa Township". Cape Town Magazine. Retrieved 12 January 2021.
- "Langa shuts down amid violent protests". Cape Argus. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
- Beyond Memory: Recording the History, Moments and Memories of South African Music by Max Mojapelo, Sello Galane and Chris Walton.
- Muller, Antoinette (6 January 2016). "Temba Bavuma: A lad from Langa who shattered cricket's glass ceiling". Daily Maverick. Retrieved 12 January 2021.
- Stephen Gray, 'An Interview With Fatima Dike', Callaloo, No. 8/10 (Feb. - Oct. 1980), pp.157-164.
- "Brenda Fassie: A very human hero". BBC News. London. 10 May 2004. Retrieved 12 January 2021.
- "Nika Khumalo". BoxRec. Retrieved 12 January 2021.
- "Malusi Siboto". ESPN Sports Media. Retrieved 12 January 2021.
- "Thami Tsolekile". ESPN Sports Media. Retrieved 12 January 2021.
- Deboo, Rustom (12 October 2014). "Test cricketers who played international field hockey". The Roar. Retrieved 12 January 2021.