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The grave of Robert Lambert Playfair, Cathedral Cemetery, St Andrews

Sir (Robert) Lambert Playfair KCMG (21 March 1828 – 18 February 1899) was a British soldier, diplomat, naturalist and author.

Early lifeEdit

Lambert Playfair was a grandson of James Playfair, principal of the University of St Andrews, and son of George Playfair (1782–1846), chief inspector-general of hospitals in Bengal, and his wife Jessie Ross. Lambert was born in St Andrews when his parents were at home on leave, and left there to be educated when they returned to India. His elder brother, Lyon, became Lyon Playfair, 1st Baron Playfair.

Career and later lifeEdit

Playfair was a military cadet at Addiscombe College, then joined the Madras Army in 1846 at the age of 18. He became an artillery officer and with the rank of Captain was appointed to the Madras Staff Corps in 1858.[1] He was promoted to Major in 1866,[2] and left the army with the honorary rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in 1867.[3]

Playfair was assistant Political Agent at Aden 1854–62, then Political Agent, then Consul, at Zanzibar 1862–67, and was appointed Consul-General in Algeria in 1867.[4] His territory was extended to Algeria and Tunis in 1885.[5] He was knighted KCMG in the Queen's Birthday Honours of 1886.[6] He retired in 1896 and was given an honorary doctorate by the University of St Andrews.

He is buried in the churchyard of St Andrews Cathedral with his wife Agnes Webster Ranken (1832–1918) and eldest daughter Agnes Mary Playfair. The grave lies at the foot of his parents' grave.



  1. ^ "No. 7305". The Edinburgh Gazette. 27 February 1863. p. 281.
  2. ^ "No. 23192". The London Gazette. 30 November 1866. p. 6650.
  3. ^ "No. 7802". The Edinburgh Gazette. 29 November 1867. p. 1413.
  4. ^ "No. 23267". The London Gazette. 25 June 1867. p. 3540.
  5. ^ "No. 25465". The London Gazette. 28 April 1885. p. 1917.
  6. ^ "No. 25592". The London Gazette. 29 May 1886. p. 2635.


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