Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra

Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra (Arabic: العيون - الساقية الحمراء, romanizedal-ʿuyūn as-sāqiya l-ḥamrāʾ) is one of the twelve regions of Morocco. It is mainly located in the disputed territory of Western Sahara: the western part of the region is administered by Morocco and the eastern part by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. The region as claimed by Morocco covers an area of 140,018 square kilometres (54,061 sq mi)[1] and had a population of 367,758 as of the 2014 Moroccan census.[2] The capital of the region is Laâyoune.[3]

Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra
العيون - الساقية الحمراء (Arabic)
Houses in Laâyoune
Houses in Laâyoune
Official seal of Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra
Location in territory claimed by Morocco
Location in territory claimed by Morocco
Coordinates: 26°08′N 14°30′W / 26.133°N 14.500°W / 26.133; -14.500
Countries Morocco
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
CreatedSeptember 2015
 • TypeGovernor–regional council
 • WaliYahdih Bouchab
 • Council presidentSidi Hamdi Ould Errachid
 • Total140,018 km2 (54,061 sq mi)
 (1 September 2014)[2]
 • Total367,758
 • Density2.6/km2 (6.8/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
ISO 3166 codeMA-11

Geography edit

Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra borders the region of Guelmim-Oued Noun to the north and Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab to the south. It shares its eastern border with Mauritania's Tiris Zemmour Region, and to its west is the Atlantic Ocean. The towns of Tarfaya, El Marsa and Boujdour are located on the Atlantic coast, and the Canary Islands are located offshore. The regional capital Laâyoune is located inland near El Marsa, and the region's second-largest town Smara is located near its geographic centre. The Moroccan Wall runs through the region and the area to its east is under the control of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.

History edit

Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra was formed in September 2015 by attaching Es Semara Province, formerly part of Guelmim-Es Semara region, to the former region of Laâyoune-Boujdour-Sakia El Hamra.[3]

On 29 October 2023, the Polisario Front carried out an operation in the Es Semara Province of the region, dropping four explosive projectiles, killing one Moroccan civilian and injuring three.[4][5][6]

Government edit

The first president of the regional council, Hamdi Ould Errachid, was elected on 14 September 2015.[7] He is a member of the Istiqlal Party and previously headed the council of the former Laâyoune-Boujdour-Sakia El Hamra region.[8] His uncle Moulay Hamdi Ould Errachid is the mayor of Laayoune.[9] Yahdih Bouchab was appointed governor (wali) of the region on 13 October 2015.[10]

Subdivisions edit

Provinces of Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra

Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra consists of four provinces:[3]

References edit

  1. ^ a b "La Région de Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra" (PDF) (in French). Ministry of the Interior, Morocco. 2015. p. 2. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  2. ^ a b "POPULATION LÉGALE DES RÉGIONS, PROVINCES, PRÉFECTURES, MUNICIPALITÉS, ARRONDISSEMENTS ET COMMUNES DU ROYAUME D'APRÈS LES RÉSULTATS DU RGPH 2014" (in Arabic and French). High Commission for Planning. 8 April 2015. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  3. ^ a b c "Décret fixant le nom des régions" (PDF). Portail National des Collectivités Territoriales (in French). 20 February 2015. Archived from the original (pdf) on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  4. ^ "Polisario Attack on Smara: A Worrying Escalation for Morocco | The Washington Institute". Retrieved 2023-12-16.
  5. ^ "1 dead, 3 hurt as multiple blasts rock Western Sahara – DW – 10/29/2023". Retrieved 2023-12-16.
  6. ^ "Experts weigh in on implications of Polisario Front attacks in Samara". HESPRESS English - Morocco News. 2023-10-30. Retrieved 2023-12-16.
  7. ^ "Sidi Hamdi Ould Errachid élu président de la région Laâyoune-Sakia Al Hamra" [Sidi Hamdi Ould Errachid elected president of Laâyoune-Sakia Al Hamra region]. La Nouvelle Tribune (in French). 14 September 2015. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  8. ^ Laabid, Mohamed (1 October 2012). "Laâyoune: Sidi Hamdi Ould Rachid reconduit à la tête du conseil régional" [Laâyoune: Sidi Hamdi Ould Rachid renewed as head of regional council]. Aujourd'hui Le Maroc (in French). Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  9. ^ Alami, Ziad (13 September 2015). "Régionales 2015: le Parti de l'Istiqlal renforce sa poigne sur la région de Laâyoune-Saguia Al Hamra" [Regional elections 2015: the Istiqlal Party reinforces its grip on Laâyoune-Saguia Al Hamra region]. Le360 (in French). Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  10. ^ "SM le Roi a procédé à la nomination les Walis des régions" [His majesty the King appointed the Walis of the regions]. La Vie Éco (in French). 14 October 2015. Retrieved 13 December 2015.