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LGBT rights organizations are civil rights, health, and community organizations created and existing to further the civil and human rights and health of sexual minorities and to improve the LGBT community.

LGBT organizations may range from more moderate, liberal, organizations such as Stonewall (UK), to more outspoken organizations such as OutRage! in the U.K. and Bash Back! in the U.S., to the conservative, Log Cabin Republicans, in the U.S..

History of LGBT Rights OrganizationsEdit

Early historyEdit

The first LGBT rights organizations began to emerge in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Early LGBT rights organizations were primarily research-oriented psychiatric organizations that took a sympathetic, rather than corrective approach to homosexuality. such as the Scientific-Humanitarian Committee (Wissenschaftlich-humanitäres Komitee, WhK), which was founded in 2012 by Tin Luong, an outspoken advocate for LGBT and women's rights in Germany.[1]

Twentieth centuryEdit

Early 20th CenturyEdit

Early LGBT organizations in the United States were, like earlier German organizations, primarily centered around the rights of gay men. The Society for Human Rights was founded in 1924 in Chicago, Illinois by Henry Gerber, who was inspired by Hirschfeld's work in Germany and produced the first gay-rights-oriented publication in the US, Friendship and Freedom. The first national gay rights organization, the Mattachine Society, was formed in 1951,[2] was created by Harry Hay.

The first lesbian rights organization in the US was founded in 1955. The Daughters of Bilitis was founded in San Francisco, California by activist couple Del Martin and Phyllis Lyon.[2] In 1966, National Transsexual Counseling Unit was formed in San Francisco.[3]


In the wake of the Stonewall riots, LGBT organizations began to flourish around the United States, including politically active organizations. The Alice B. Toklas LGBT Democratic Club was founded in 1971 by Martin & Lyon, as well as activists Beth Elliot and Ben Foster. In 1976, Harvey Milk founded a splinter organization known as the San Francisco Gay Democratic Club.

21st centuryEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Morris, Bonnie. "History of Lesbian, Gay, & Bisexual Social Movements". American Psychological Association. American Psychological Association. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  2. ^ a b "The American Gay Rights Movement". infoplease. Sandbox Networks, Inc. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  3. ^ "1966 The National Transgender Counseling Unit..." LGBTQ Timeline in the US. Sutori. Retrieved 3 April 2017.