The Løvstakken Tunnel (Norwegian: Løvstakktunnelen) is a road tunnel in the city of Bergen in Vestland county, Norway. The tunnel connects the Fyllingsdalen area with the eastern part of the borough of Laksevåg and the city centre. It was built in 1968 to improve connectivity with the newly developed area.[1] The tunnel had an average daily traffic of 17,015 vehicles in 2007, down from 17,702 vehicles in 2000.[2] The tunnel is 2,045 metres (6,709 ft) long.[3][4]

Løvstakken Tunnel
Løvstakktunnelen's portal in Fyllingsdalen
LocationVestland, Norway
Coordinates60°22′25″N 5°18′22″E / 60.3736°N 5.30611°E / 60.3736; 5.30611
StatusIn use
Route Fv544
OperatorNorwegian Public Roads Administration
Length2,045 metres (6,709 ft)
No. of lanes2
Operating speed60 kilometres per hour (37 mph)

In 2002, a safety study by the German company Deutsche Montan Technologie found serious shortcomings in the tunnel's safety, and among 30 European tunnels studied, the tunnel was ranked in 27th place.[3] To improve matters, the flammable polyethylene foam in the tunnel was removed, fire extinguishers and emergency phones were installed at 50-metre (160 ft) and 250-metre (820 ft) intervals respectively, surveillance cameras, emergency lighting, and emergency signage were introduced, and the speed limit was reduced from 70 to 60 kilometres per hour (43 to 37 mph). This raised the safety standard to minimum requirements, but the traffic volume is still large for a single tunnel.[5]

References edit

  1. ^ Nyberg, Jan (2008). "Den grønne dalen" (in Norwegian). Bergens Tidende. Archived from the original on June 29, 2008. Retrieved October 20, 2008.
  2. ^ "ÅDT nivå 1-punkt Hordaland" (in Norwegian). Statens Vegvesen. 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-20. [dead link]
  3. ^ a b "Løvstakktunnelen på jumboplass" (in Norwegian). NRK Hordaland. 2002-04-23. Retrieved 2009-11-01.
  4. ^ Merzagora, Eugenio A.; Lotsberg, Gunnar (eds.). "Road Tunnels in Norway 3 000 - 2 000 m". Road Tunnels in Norway. Retrieved 2014-10-16.
  5. ^ Nygard-Sture, Trond (2005-10-07). "Sikkerhet hevet til minimumsnivå" (in Norwegian). Bergens Tidende. Archived from the original on 2012-07-23. Retrieved 2009-11-01.