Kypuche (Ukrainian: Кипуче; Russian: Кипуче, romanizedKipuche) or Artemivsk (Ukrainian: Артемівськ; Russian: Артёмовск, romanizedArtyomovsk) is a city in Alchevsk urban hromada, Alchevsk Raion, Luhansk Oblast (region), Ukraine. Population: 7,162 (2022 estimate),[1] 7,506 (2013 est.).[2]

Кипуче (in Ukrainian)
Flag of Kypuche
Coat of arms of Kypuche
Map of Ukraine with Artemivsk labeled
Map of Ukraine with Artemivsk labeled
Map of Ukraine with Artemivsk labeled
Map of Ukraine with Artemivsk labeled
Coordinates: 48°26′20″N 38°43′3″E / 48.43889°N 38.71750°E / 48.43889; 38.71750
Country Ukraine
Oblast Luhansk Oblast
RaionAlchevsk Raion
HromadaAlchevsk urban hromada
City status1964
 • Total7,162
Area code(+380)
Vehicle registrationBB / 13

It is situated in the historical and economic Donbas region of eastern Ukraine.

The city has been under the control of Russia and its proxy, the Luhansk People's Republic, since early 2014.

History edit

The city was founded as Katerynivka (Ukrainian: Катеринівка) in 1910 or 1911, in connection with the construction of nearby coal mines. Coal mining began in 1913. During the times of the Soviet Union, it was renamed Artemivsk after the Bolshevik figure Comrade Artyom, and assigned to Perevalsk Raion.[3][4] In 1938, Artemivsk received urban-type settlement status.[3]

During World War II, Artemivsk was occupied by Nazi Germany beginning on July 12, 1942. Nine residents of the town were tortured by the occupiers, and another 177 were deported for forced labor to Germany The Nazis "methodically destroyed" the town's infrastructure, burning down buildings and flooding mines. The town was eventually liberated on September 2, 1943 by the 315th Rifle Division of the Red Army, and was rebuilt.[4]

In 1964, Artemivsk received city status.[3]

Miners' rally near the Ministry of Coal Industry of Ukraine in Artemivsk, 1990

Ukraine became independent from the Soviet Union in 1991. The city has been under de-facto Russian control since the spring of 2014 as part of the Luhansk People's Republic (LPR).[citation needed]

On May 12, 2016, Ukraine's national parliament, the Verkhovna Rada, restored the name of Kypuche as part of the country's decommunization process.[5][6] In 2020, the Ukrainian government abolished Perevalsk Raion, and transferred Kypuche to the newly created Alchevsk Raion.[citation needed]

In September 2022, Russia declared the annexation of Luhansk Oblast along with three other Ukrainian regions.[citation needed]

Demographics edit

In 2000, Artemivsk had a population of 10,500 people. It is a multiethnic city, with populations of Ukrainians, Russians, Belarusians, Tajiks, Armenians, Poles, and Jews, among other groups, living in it.[3]

Notable people edit

Economy edit

Kypuche's major industry is coal mining. Southeast of the town, the important power grid node Donbass-750 is located.[citation needed]

References edit

  1. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2022 [Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2022] (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 July 2022.
  2. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України [Actual population of Ukraine] (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Archived from the original on 2014-02-02. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d Барадулін, А. П. (2001-02-01). "Артемівськ". Encyclopedia of Modern Ukraine (in Ukrainian). Vol. 1. Інститут енциклопедичних досліджень НАН України. ISBN 978-966-02-2074-4.
  4. ^ a b "Артемівськ, Перевальський район, Луганська область". Історія міст і сіл Української РСР (in Ukrainian).
  5. ^ Офіційний портал Верховної Ради України
  6. ^ "Рада перейменувала населені пункти на окупованому Донбасі: Торез - на Чистякове, Краснодон - на Сорокине". Unian.

External links edit