Kurt Georg Hugo Thomas (25 May 1904 – 31 March 1973) was a German composer, conductor and music educator.
Kurt Georg Hugo Thomas
25 May 1904
|Died||31 March 1973 (aged 68)|
|Olympic medal record|
|1936 Berlin||Solo and chorus|
Thomas was born in Tönning. The family lived from 1910 in Lennep where he attended the Röntgen-Gymnasium from 1913 to 1922. Completing with the Abitur on 21 April 1922, he studied law and music at the Leipzig University. He completed his studies in 1925 and worked as a lecturer of music theory at the Landeskonservatorium der Musik zu Leipzig. He composed a Mass in A minor as his Op. 1, which earned him the Beethoven Prize of the Preußische Akademie der Künste in 1927. Initiated by Karl Straube, he was appointed a teacher of composition and leader of the Kantorei (chorale) of the Kirchenmusikalisches Institut Leipzig (Institute of church music). The choir was named "Kurt-Thomas-Kantorei" and toured in Germany.
Thomas was professor of choral conducting at the Akademische Hochschule für Musik in Berlin from Von 1934 to 1939. During this time, he composed a cantata for the Olympic Games in Berlin in 1936, the Kantate zur Olympiade 1936 (Olympic Cantata 1936) as an entry for a competition of the Reichsmusikkammer, which won a silver medal. He became a member of the NSDAP in 1940, number 7.463.935.
From 1939 to 1945, Thomas he was in Frankfurt director of the Musisches Gymnasium Frankfurt (High school with main courses in music). Among his students were choral conductors Heinz Hennig and Hans-Joachim Rotzsch, composers Alfred Koerppen, Wolfgang Pasquay, Wolfgang Schoor, Siegfried Strohbach, Paul Kuhn, and organist Michael Schneider.
From 1945, Thomas was Kantor (church musician) at the Dreikönigskirche in Frankfurt. From 1947 to 1955, Thomas was professor of conducting, especially choral conducting, at the Nordwestdeutsche Musikakademie, now the Hochschule für Musik Detmold. His students there have included composers Manfred Kluge, Diether de la Motte and Gerd Zacher, and church musicians Alexander Wagner and Hermann Kreutz. He kept his position at the Dreikönigskirche to 1957.
Thomas was the Thomaskantor, the cantor of the Thomanerchor, from 1957 to 1960. He succeeded Günther Ramin on 1 April 1957. When a planned tour of the Thomanerchor to West Germany was cancelled in 1960, he left the post. From 1961, he conducted the concerts of the choir Bach-Verein Köln. Simultaneously, he founded in Frankfurt the concert choir Frankfurter Kantorei, mostly of members of the Kantorei of the Dreikönigskirche, and conducted the choir to 1969.
As a composer, Thomas focused on choral music. He returned to a cappella music which he combined with late-romantic musical idioms. Works such as his Messe in a-Moll (Mass in A minor of 1924 and Markuspassion (St. Mark Passion) of 1927 were part of a reformed music in the Protestant churches after 1920. He published a book on choral conducting in three volumes, Lehrbuchs der Chorleitung, which was reprinted in 1991, revised and expanded.
- Mass in A minor for choir a cappella, Op. 1 (1924)
- Violin Sonata in E minor, Op. 2
- Markuspassion (1927)
- Psalm 137 (An den Wassern zu Babel saßen wir) for four-part choirs a cappella (1928)
- Weihnachtsoratorium, Op. 17 (1930/31); premiered 4 December 1931 by Staats- und Domchor Berlin
- Organ Variations, Op. 19, on "Es ist ein Schnitter, heißt der Tod" (1932)
- Motets, Op. 21, including
- Fürwahr, er trug unsre Krankheit
- Gott wird abwischen alle Tränen
- Jauchzet Gott alle Lande
- Herr, sei mir gnädig
- Herr, ich habe lieb die Stätte deines Hauses
- Von der ewigen Liebe
- Cantata for the Olympic Games, Op. 28 (1936)
- Festliche Musik für Orgel, Op. 35
- Saat und Ernte, Op. 36 (oratorio)
- Eichendorff-Kantate, Op. 37 (1938)
- Drei Abendlieder for mezzo-soprano and piano after Wolfram Brockmeier (1943)
Thomas recorded Bach's Christmas Oratorio twice, with choir and orchestra of the Detmold Akademy in 1951, and with the Thomanerchor in 1958, with the Gewandhausorchester and soloists Agnes Giebel, Marga Höffgen, Josef Traxel and Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau. He conducted several Bach cantatas with the Thomanerchor in a series Bach Made in Germany, including the first recording of Hermann Prey as the bassist in Ich will den Kreuzstab gerne tragen, BWV 56, and several secular cantatas.
- Neithard Bethke: Kurt Thomas. Studien zu Leben und Werk. Merseburger, Kassel 1989, ISBN 3-87537-232-8.
- Werner Heldmann: Musisches Gymnasium Frankfurt am Main 1939 – 1945. Eine Schule im Spannungsfeld von pädagogischer Verantwortung, künstlerischer Freiheit und politischer Doktrin. Peter Lang, Frankfurt 2004, ISBN 3-631-51987-7.
- Manfred Kluge (ed.): Chorerziehung und neue Musik. Für Kurt Thomas zum 65. Geburtstag. Breitkopf & Härtel, Wiesbaden 1969.
- Bethke, Neithard (1989). Kurt Thomas. Studien zum Leben und Werk. Kassel: Merseburger. pp. 41ff.
- "Kurt Thomas". Olympedia. Retrieved 13 August 2020.
- Klee, Ernst (2007). Das Kulturlexikon zum Dritten Reich. Wer war was vor und nach 1945. Frankfurt am Main: S. Fischer. pp. 611–612.
- Riebsamen, Hans (18 May 2004). "Der Fall Kurt Thomas: Ein Musiker zwischen Anpassung und Selbstbehauptung". FAZ (in German). Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- "Kurt Thomas". Frankfurter Kantorei (in German). Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- "Weihnachts-Oratorium BWV 248 / Conducted by Kurt Thomas". Bach Cantatas Website. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- "Kurt Thomas & Thomanerchor Leipzig & Gewandhausorchester Leipzig / Bach Cantatas & Other Vocal Works". Bach Cantatas Website. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- Official website
- Literature by and about Kurt Thomas (composer) in the German National Library catalogue
- Kurt Thomas discography at Discogs
- Musensöhne documentary about Kurt Thomas and the Musisches Gymnasium Frankfurt am Main (1939–45)] (90 minutes), WDR 2012
- Kurt Thomas (Conductor, Thomaskantor, Composer) Bach Cantatas Website
- Kurt Thomas (1904-1973), a remarkable Thomas Kantor and Bach conductor authenticsound.org
- Freuen sollen sich die Himmel (Strohbach, Siegfried), dedicated to Thomas: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project