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Kummanni (Hittite: Kummiya[1]) was the name of the main center the Anatolian kingdom of Kizzuwatna. Its location is uncertain, but is believed to be near the classical settlement of Comana in Cappadocia.[2] Recent research make a location in Plain Cilicia more likely, presumably at Sirkeli Höyük [3]

Kummanni was the major cult center of the Hurrian chief deity, Tešup. Its Hurrian name Kummeni simply translates as "The Shrine."

The city persisted into the Early Iron Age, and appears as Kisuatni in Assyrian records. It was located in the east of Que, the successor of Kizzuwatna. The town should not be confused with Kumme, a holy city for Assyrians and Urarteans, located in the highlands between Assyria and Urartu.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Kummanni." Reallexikon der Assyriologie.
  2. ^ "Kummanni." Reallexikon der Assyriologie.
  3. ^ 'Forlanini, M. 2013: How to infer Ancient Roads and Intineraries from heterogenous Hittite Texts: The Case of the Cilician (Kizzuwatnean) Road System, KASKAL 10, 1–34.
  • Ernest René Lacheman, Martha A. Morrison, David I. Owen, General studies and excavations at Nuzi 9/1, 1987, ISBN 978-0-931464-08-9, p. 50f.[1]
  • Massimiliano Forlanini, How to infer Ancient Roads and Intineraries from heterogenous Hittite Texts: The Case of the Cilician (Kizzuwatnean) Road System, KASKAL 10, 2013, 1–34.
  • Mirko Novák and Susanne Rutishauser, Kizzuwatna: Archaeology, in: M. Weeden und L.Z. Ullmann (ed.), Hittite Landscape and Geography, Leiden 2017, 134–145.