A krewe (pronounced "crew") is a social organization that puts on a parade or ball for the Carnival season. The term is best known for its association with Mardi Gras celebrations in New Orleans, but is also used in other Carnival celebrations around the Gulf of Mexico, such as the Gasparilla Pirate Festival in Tampa, Florida, and Springtime Tallahassee, as well as in La Crosse, Wisconsin, and at the Saint Paul Winter Carnival.
The word is thought to have been coined in the early 19th century by an organization calling themselves Ye Mistick Krewe of Comus, as an archaic affectation; with time it became the most common term for a New Orleans Carnival organization. The Mistick Krewe of Comus itself was inspired by a Mobile mystic society, with annual parades in Mobile, Alabama, called the Cowbellion de Rakin Society that dated from 1830.
Krewe members are assessed fees in order to pay for the parade or ball. Fees can range from thousands of dollars a year per person for the most elaborate parades to as little as $20 a year for smaller clubs. Criteria for krewe membership varies similarly, ranging from exclusive organizations largely limited to relatives of previous members to other organizations open to anyone able to pay the membership fee. Krewes with low membership fees may also require members to work to help build and decorate the parade floats and make their own costumes; higher priced krewes hire professionals to do this work. Parading krewe members are usually responsible for buying their own throws, the trinkets thrown to parade spectators according to Mobile and New Orleans tradition.
Some krewes also have other events like private dances or parties for members throughout the year. Some also make a point of supporting charities and good causes.
Some krewes restrict their membership to one gender, while others allow co-ed membership. The Krewe of Endymion's membership is currently restricted to men only. Examples of female only krewes include the Krewe of Cleopatra, which was established in 1972 as a strictly female organization, as well as the Krewe of Muses.
The first Krewes to parade during Mardi Gras are referred to as old line Krewes. These include the Mistick Krewe of Comus, the Krewe of Proteus, Rex, Twelfth Knight Revelers, and the Knights of Momus.
While no official definition exists for super krewe it is generally accepted that a super krewe possesses over 2000 active dues paying members.
- "What is La Crosse Mardi Gras?"
- "Krewe". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
- "Carnival/Mobile Mardi Gras Timeline" (list of events),The Museum of Mobile, 2002, webpage:MoM-timeline (link dead) archive: Archived page.
- HARDY, ARTHUR (February 8, 2016). "At 50, Endymion is the largest krewe in New Orleans, but it wasn't always 'super'". The New Orleans Advocate. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
- Winkler-Schmit, David (February 13, 2007). "Mardi Gras Sisterhood: All-female krewes are redefining Carnival -- with a woman's touch". Gambit. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
- Branley, Edward (February 6, 2018). "NOLA History: Women in Carnival". GoNola.com. Retrieved June 29, 2018.