Kreuzkapelle, Bad Camberg

The Kreuzkapelle [ˈkʁɔʏ̯ts.kaˌpɛlə] is a chapel of the Holy Cross, a Catholic pilgrimage church in Bad Camberg, Hesse, Germany, dedicated to the Holy Cross. It is a landmark of the town, located on higher ground to the north-east. A Kreuzweg with stations of the Cross leads from Bad Camberg to the chapel.[1]

Kreuzkapelle
Kreuzkapelle, Bad Camberg, with gate.jpg
Exterior
Religion
AffiliationCatholic
ProvinceDiocese of Limburg
RiteLatin
Ecclesiastical or organizational statusPilgrimage church
Year consecrated1682 (1682)
Location
LocationBad Camberg, Hesse, Germany
Kreuzkapelle, Bad Camberg is located in Hesse
Kreuzkapelle, Bad Camberg
Shown within Hesse
Kreuzkapelle, Bad Camberg is located in Germany
Kreuzkapelle, Bad Camberg
Kreuzkapelle, Bad Camberg (Germany)
Geographic coordinatesCoordinates: 50°18′27″N 8°17′10″E / 50.3075°N 08.2862°E / 50.3075; 08.2862
Architecture
StyleBaroque
Completed1683 (1683)

HistoryEdit

The chapel was built from 1681 to 1683 on a ridge running north-east out of Bad Camberg, overlooking the Goldgrund [de] area and the town. It was initiated by the Hohenfeld family, which also built a Kreuzweg [de] with stations of the Cross around 1700, leading from Camberg up to the chapel.[1]

 
Interior, September 2020

The chapel was first built as an octagon located where the choir is now. It was expanded in 1725 to a symmetrical central building (Zentralbau) shaped like a Greek cross. While three of its arms are closed on floor level, the choir is elevated and can be reached by symmetrical stairs. It is dominated by a crucifix.[2] A crypt below the choir is hewn in the rock, holding the shrine of a cross relic.[1]

The upper church features wooden vaults, and several altars from the 18th century. The meadow around the chapel and the sexton's house is surrounded by a wall with eight sides. Seven stations of the cross along the Kreuzweg, by the Hadamar school of sculpture, are replicas of weathered originals which are held in the crypt.[1] Stained glass windows, donated by citizens of Camberg, were added around 1900.[2]

The chapel was a centre of the Catholic youth movement until 1933. Exterior and interior were restored by volunteers from 1975. The chapel is a landmark of Bad Camberg.[3] When the anniversary of the building was celebrated in 1982, a priest wrote that the chapel is a sermon about the cross, and believers come bringing the "crosses" in their lives.[2]

The building is listed in the Hague Convention for protection in the event of armed conflict.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Kreuzkapelle". Denkmalpflege Hessen (in German). Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  2. ^ a b c "Christen sind Menschen der neuen Wege / C4 Kreuzkapelle" (PDF). Pastoraler Raum Bad Camberg (in German). p. 4. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  3. ^ "Kreuzkapelle, Bad Camerg". taunus.info (in German). Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  4. ^ "Eine Plakette schützt vor Bombenhagel / Einige Kirchen des Kreises Limburg /Weilburg sind in der Haager Konvention aufgenommen" (PDF). Der Sonntag (in German) (5): 14. 6 June 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2020.