Koy Sanjaq Christian Neo-Aramaic

Koy Sanjaq Christian Neo-Aramaic (native name: ܣܘܪܬ, romanizedSûrat) is a variety of Northeastern Neo-Aramaic spoken by Christian Assyrians in Koy Sanjaq in the Erbil Governorate, Iraq. Koy Sanjaq Jewish Neo-Aramaic is a separate variety spoken by Jews in the same town.[2] The Madnhâyâ version of the Syriac alphabet is used in writing, but most written material is in the Syriac language used in worship.

Koy Sanjaq Surat
ܣܘܪܬ Sûrat
Native toIraq
RegionKoy Sanjaq and Armota in Erbil Governorate
Native speakers
(800 cited 1995)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3kqd


Koy Sanjaq Surat seems to be related to Senaya, which is spoken by Assyrians who originally lived east of Koy Sanjaq, in the city of Sanandaj in Iran. Not enough is known about the language to make any definite comment, but it seems that Koy Sanjaq Surat may have developed as the language of Assyrian settlers from Sanandaj.


The dialect also has much more Kurdish influences then other dialects of Syriac. It does not appear to be intelligible with Chaldean Neo-Aramaic, which is spoken by co-ethnics further north, or with the Jewish Neo-Aramaic language of Lishanid Noshan, which was traditionally spoken by the Jews of Koy Sanjaq.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Koy Sanjaq Surat at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ Mutzafi, Hezy (2004). "Features of the Verbal System in the Christian Neo-Aramaic Dialect of Koy Sanjaq and Their Areal Parallels". Journal of the American Oriental Society. 124 (2): 249–264. doi:10.2307/4132214. ISSN 0003-0279.