Kotschy's gecko

Kotschy's gecko (Mediodactylus kotschyi ) is a species of gecko, a lizard in the family Gekkonidae. The species is native to southeastern Europe and the Middle East.[3] It is named in honour of the Austrian botanist and explorer Karl Georg Theodor Kotschy.[4]

Kotschy's gecko
Cyrtopodion kotschyi.JPG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Gekkonidae
Genus: Mediodactylus
Species:
M. kotschyi
Binomial name
Mediodactylus kotschyi
(Steindachner, 1870)
Synonyms[2]
  • Gymnodactylus kotschyi
    Steindachner, 1870
  • Cytrodactylus [sic] kotschyi
    Nader & Jawdat, 1976
  • Cyrtodactylus kotschyi
    Baran & Gruber, 1982
  • Cyrtopodion kotschyi
    Rösler, 2000
  • Mediodactylus kotschyi
    Szczerbak, 2003

DescriptionEdit

Kotschy's gecko is a slender lizard growing to a length of about 10 cm (4 in) including its tail. Females grow slightly larger than males. The limbs and tail are slim and there are small tubercles on the back and tail. The digits do not have adhesive pads but the toes are relatively long with a kink in the middle. The colour is rather variable and may have a background of yellowish-grey, greyish-brown, dark brown or reddish-black. The dorsal surface is marked with "W"-shaped transverse bands of darker colour. Like other geckos, the markings remain the same but the overall shade can be darker in cool conditions and paler in the heat of the day. The underparts may be yellowish or orange.[3]

 
Cyrtopodion kotschyi.

Distribution and habitatEdit

Kotschy's gecko is mostly distributed along the coastal areas of the Eastern Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea. It is native to Ukraine (Crimean Peninsula), Bulgaria, Serbia, North Macedonia, Albania, Greece, Cyprus, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, and Israel. It can also be found in Southern Italy (Apulia) and Hungary, where it has probably been introduced.

Its typical habitat is cliffs, dry stony areas, scrub, tree trunks, stone walls, and the external and internal walls of buildings. It is found at elevations of up to 1,700 m (5,577 ft) but is mostly a lowland species.[1]

BehaviourEdit

Kotschy's gecko is mainly nocturnal but at cooler times of year it is often active in the day as well, especially early and late. It climbs very well despite having no adhesive pads, but spends less time on cliffs and climbs less high than the wall lizards (Podarcis) spp., with which it is often found.[3] When disturbed, it retreats into dense undergrowth, hides in crevices among rocks, or clings onto the underside of overhangs. It is infrequently found in buildings. The voice is a repeated high-pitched "chick", and males and females may call to each other during courtship.[3]

ReproductionEdit

The female Kotschky's gecko lays two eggs (occasionally one) under stones or in a crevice and these take eleven to eighteen weeks to hatch into juveniles about 2 cm (0.8 in) long. These offspring become mature in about two years, and Kotschy's gecko has been known to live for nine years in captivity.[3]

StatusEdit

Kotschy's gecko is listed by the IUCN as being of "Least Concern". This is because it has a very wide range and is common over much of this range. The population trend is unknown, but it faces no particular threats, although deforestation might be a threat in Israel and Jordan where it is mostly found on tree trunks. It is possible that this might be a species complex, and if so, individual populations might need to be placed in a more threatened category.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Wolfgang Böhme, Petros Lymberakis, Rastko Ajtic, Ahmad Mohammed Mousa Disi, Yehudah Werner, Varol Tok, Ismail H. Ugurtas, Murat Sevinç, Souad Hraoui-Bloquet, Riyad Sadek, Pierre-André Crochet, Idriz Haxhiu, Claudia Corti, Roberto Sindaco, Yakup Kaska, Yusuf Kumlutaş, Aziz Avci, Nazan Üzüm, Can Yeniyurt, Ferdi Akarsu, Jelka Crnobrnja Isailovic (2009). "Mediodactylus kotschyi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2009: e.T157281A5069008. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2009.RLTS.T157281A5069008.en. Retrieved 20 November 2021.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ "Mediodactylus kotschyi ". The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
  3. ^ a b c d e Arnold, E. Nicholas; Ovenden, Denys W. (2002). Field Guide: Reptiles & Amphibians of Britain & Europe. Collins & Co. pp. 125–126. ISBN 9780002199643.
  4. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael. (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Cyrtopodion kotschyi, p. 145).

Further readingEdit

  • Boulenger GA (1885). Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Second Edition. Volume I. Geckonidæ ... London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xii + 436 pp. + Plates I-XXXII. (Gymnodactylus kotschyi, p. 29).
  • Steindachner F (1870). "Herpetologische Notizen (II). I. Reptilien gesammelt während einer Reise in Senegambien (October bis December 1868) ". Sitzungsberichte der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften 62: 326-335 + Plates I-VIII. (Gymnodactylus kotschyi, new species, pp. 329–330 + Plate I, Figures 1-2). (in German).