The Kotmale River [1] (Sinhala: කොත්මලේ ඔය) is the longest tributary of Mahaweli River. The river begins as the Agra Oya, in the Horton Plains. The Central Plains have an annual rainfall of between 125 and 200 inches a year. The river is approximately 70 km (43 mi) long and drains a basin of about 58,534 ha (226 square miles). The river flows through a traditional area of ancient villages and tea plantations. King Dutugemunu spent his youth here. The Kotmale Oya flows into the Mahaweli shortly at Pallegama. Tributaries of the Kotmale Oya include the Nanu Oya, the Pundalu Oya, the Puna Oya, and the Dambagastalawa Oya.

Kotmale Oya
Kotmale River
Kotmale footbridge 2006-09-03.jpg
Footbridge over the Kotmale Oya
Native nameකොත්මලේ ඔය  (Sinhala)
CountrySri Lanka
TownsKotmale, Nawalapitiya
Physical characteristics
SourceHorton Plains National Park
 • locationCentral Province, Sri Lanka
MouthMahaweli River
 • location
 • coordinates
Coordinates: 06°57′15″N 80°36′26″E / 6.95417°N 80.60722°E / 6.95417; 80.60722
Length70 km (43 mi)

The river was dammed between 1979 and 1985 as part of a hydro-electric project within the Accelerated Mahaweli Ganga scheme. The opening ceremony took place in August 1985. Some 3,000 families had to be relocated top higher ground. The area has a history of geological instability.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Kotmale River". 3 October 2015. Retrieved 22 October 2015.