Kotmale (Sinhala: කොත්මලේ, romanized: Kotmalē; Tamil: கொத்மலை, romanized: Kotmalai) is a village in Sri Lanka in Central Province. Kotmale forms part of a mountainous region that the Sinhalese kings left forested to generate sufficient rainfall for rice cultivation in the valleys below.


CountrySri Lanka
ProvinceCentral Province
DistrictNuwara Eliya District
 • Total225 km2 (87 sq mi)
 • Density478/km2 (1,240/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (Sri Lanka Standard Time)

The Sinhalese prince Dutugamunu is said to have taken refuge in Kotmale to escape the wrath of his father, King Kavantissa. Kotmale is also where the Kandyan Kings hid the sacred tooth relic during periods of political instability, the last occasion being during the British occupation in 1815.[2]

Kotmale mountains range


  • Kotmale Dam, a 87 m (285 ft) high hydroelectric and irrigation dam. Construction of the dam commenced in 1977 and was completed in 1995.
  • Kotmale Mahaweli Maha Seya, a 84 m (276 ft) high stupa, with a 61 m (200 ft) diameter, overlooking the Kotmale Dam. It is the largest stupa constructed in the country in over 1,300 years. It serves as a reminder of the eighteen shrines/temples that were submerged with the construction of the Kotmale reservoir. It cost approximately Rs. 300 million to build.[3]
  • Kotmale Hanging Bridge, a wooden suspension bridge. The bridge spans 100 m (330 ft) over the Mahaweli River.

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Seneviratna, Anuradha (2001). Sunset in a Valley: Kotmale. Sarasavi Publishers. ISBN 9789555731485.


  1. ^ "Population and Population Density by D.S. Division" (PDF). Department of Census and Statistics -Sri Lanka. 2017. Retrieved 2 September 2019.
  2. ^ Ellis, Royston (2005). Sri Lanka: The Bradt Travel Guide. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 148. ISBN 9781841621296.
  3. ^ Epasinghe, Premasara. "Kotmale Mahaweli Mahaseya History renewed". The Island. Retrieved 2 September 2019.

Coordinates: 7°01′N 80°35′E / 7.017°N 80.583°E / 7.017; 80.583