Kosmos 3 (satellite)

Kosmos 3 (Russian: Космос 3 meaning Cosmos 3), also known as 2MS No.1 and occasionally in the West as Sputnik 13 was a scientific research and technology demonstration satellite launched by the Soviet Union in 1962.

Kosmos 3
Mission typeGeophysics
Technology
Harvard designation1962 Nu 1
COSPAR ID1962-013A
SATCAT no.00281
Mission duration176 days
Spacecraft properties
Bus2MS
ManufacturerOKB-1
Launch mass330 kg [1]
Start of mission
Launch date24 April 1962, 04:04:00 GMT
RocketKosmos-2I 63S1
Launch siteKapustin Yar, Mayak-2
ContractorYuzhnoye
End of mission
Decay date17 October 1962
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric [2]
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude216 km
Apogee altitude707 km
Inclination49.0°
Period93.8 minutes
Epoch24 April 1962
 

SpacecraftEdit

It was the third satellite to be designated under the Kosmos system, and the first spacecraft to be launched as part of the 2MS programme. Its primary missions were to develop systems for future satellites, and to record data about cosmic rays and radiation.[3]

Kosmos 3, an automatic geophysical station, was one of a series of Soviet Earth satellites whose purpose was to study outer space, the upper layers of the atmosphere, and the Earth. Scientific data and measurements were relayed to Earth by multichannel telemetry systems equipped with space-borne memory units. It had a mass of 330 kg.[1]

MissionEdit

It was launched aboard Kosmos-2I 63S1 s/n 4LK.[4] It was the fifth flight of the Kosmos-2I, and the third to successfully reach orbit. The launch was conducted from Mayak-2 at Kapustin Yar, and occurred at 04:04:00 GMT on 24 April 1962.[5] Kosmos 3 was placed into a low Earth orbit with a perigee of 216 kilometres (134 mi), an apogee of 707 kilometres (439 mi), an inclination of 49.0°, and an orbital period of 93.8 minutes.[2] It decayed on 17 October 1962.[6]

Kosmos 3 was a 2MS satellite, the first of two to be launched.[3] The second, 2MS No.2, will be launched as Kosmos 5 on 28 May 1962. The 2MS was the second of two types of MS satellite to be launched, following the first 1MS spacecraft which had been launched as Kosmos 2.[7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Cosmos 3: Display 1962-013A". nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov. NASA. 27 February 2020. Retrieved 22 April 2020.   This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ a b "Cosmos 3: Trajectory 1962-013A". nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov. NASA. 27 February 2020. Retrieved 22 April 2020.   This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ a b Wade, Mark. "2MS". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 7 October 2008. Retrieved 23 May 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 23 May 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ Wade, Mark. "Kosmos 2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 8 July 2012. Retrieved 23 May 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 23 May 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ Wade, Mark. "MS". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 23 May 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)