Kollam–Thiruvananthapuram trunk line
Kollam–Thiruvananthapuram trunk line is a railway line in Southern Railway zone connecting the cities of Kollam and Thiruvananthapuram in the state of Kerala, India. The line was opened on 4 January 1918 as the extension of Madras–Quilon line during metre gauge era.
|Kollam–Thiruvananthapuram trunk line|
View of the rail line passing through Kollam Junction
|Termini||Kollam Junction (QLN)|
Thiruvananthapuram Central (TVC)
|Opened||4 January 1918|
|Owner||Southern Railway zone|
|Rolling stock||WAP-1, WAP-4 electric locos; WDS-6, WDM-2, WDM-3A, WDP-4 and WDG-3A, WDG-4|
|Extension up to TVC||1931|
|Line length||65 kilometres (40 mi)|
|Number of tracks||2|
|Track gauge||1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)|
|Old gauge||1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in)|
|Loading gauge||4,725 mm × 3,660 mm (15 ft 6.0 in × 12 ft 0.1 in) (BG)|
|Operating speed||82 kilometres per hour (51 mph)|
South Indian Railway Company has opened the Quilon–Sengottai railway line in 1902 with an intention to connect Quilon (Kollam), the commercial capital of Travancore with Madras. Port of Quilon and the city's commercial reputation has urged the British rulers to connect the city of Quilon with Madras for the smooth transportation of goods including Pepper, Cashew, and spices. Later on 4 January 1918, South Indian Railway Company has opened the Kollam–Thiruvananthapuram extension up to Chala. The terminus was shifted to Trivandrum Central (Thampanoor) and was inaugurated in 1931.
This line falling under the administrative control of Thiruvananthapuram railway division of the Southern Railway zone connects with Thiruvananthapuram–Kanyakumari line in South, Kollam–Kayamkulam line in North and Kollam–Punalur–Sengottai line in the East.
|No.||Station||Category||Avg. daily passengers||Avg. daily revenue|
|1||Kollam Junction||NSG 3||23,285||18,48,050|
|7||Varkala Sivagiri||NSG 4||11,427||3,04,661|
|17||Thiruvananthapuram Pettah||NSG 6||914||14,307|
|18||Thiruvananthapuram Central||NSG 2||39,157||52,91,536|
Five stations were prominent lying in between Kollam & Thiruvananthapuram posted well above ₹1 crore (equivalent to ₹1.3 crore or US$180,000 in 2018) in annual passenger ticket revenue during the fiscal year 2012-13 and most of their revenue increased during the year 2016–2017.
|1||Paravur||NSG 5||Rs. 1,47,75,303||Rs. 1,47,35,937||Rs. 1,47,90,285|
|2||Varkala||NSG 4||Rs. 11,12,01,390||Rs. 10,42,54,286||Rs. 9,81,91,005|
|3||Kadakkavoor||NSG 6||Rs. 68,78,061||Rs. 74,39,458||Rs. 79,23,915|
|4||Chirayinkeezhu||NSG 5||Rs. 1,45,87,352||Rs. 1,54,19,697||Rs. 1,53,14,378|
|5||Kazhakoottam||NSG 5||Rs. 2,74,99,689||Rs. 2,41,04,276||Rs. 2,21,61,918|
|6||Kochuveli||NSG 3||--||Rs. 24,32,43,266||Rs. 22,21,99,424|
There are currently 67 pairs of services, including 25 pairs of daily services(4 pairs of passengers, 18 pairs of express trains and 3 pairs of Super Fast trains) plying through Kollam-Thiruvananthapuram line. Kollam Junction is the 3rd busiest railway station in the state in terms of number of services passing through and 4th busiest in terms of total annual passengers
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- J S Mundrey (2010). Railway Track Engineering (Fourth ed.). New Delhi: Tata McGraw Hill. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-07-068012-8. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
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- "Southern Railway - Annual originating passengers & earnings for the year 2016-17" (PDF). Retrieved 17 April 2018.
- "Southern Railway - Annual Passenger Earnings details of Paravur Railway Station". Retrieved 17 April 2018.
- "Annual originating passengers and earnings for the year 2017-18 - Thiruvananthapuram Division" (PDF). Indian Railways. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
- "Annual originating passengers and earnings for the year 2018-19 - Thiruvananthapuram Division" (PDF). Indian Railways. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
- "Southern Railway - Annual Kollam to Thiruvananthapuram: Indiarailinfo". Retrieved 19 June 2019.