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Kolar The Golden city of India, is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is the headquarters of Kolar District and is known for production of Milk, which recently surpassed Denmark, and gold mining. Kolar is popularly known as the land of silk, milk, mango (National fruit of India), and gold. The city is the location of the Someshwara temple and the Kolaramma temple. Kolaramma is considered as goddess of city of Kolar. Kolar has APMC market Which is 2nd largest in Asia, Largest in South India. Kolar is leading India in production of Mango, Tomato,Milk which are exported to various other nations like UK, USA, UAE. List of tourist attractions in Kolar district It has many colleges among which Vidya Jyothi PU is the leading college.
Someshwara Temple, 14th century Vijayanagara style
The Silk/Milk/Mango/Gold City of Karnataka , The Golden City of India
|Named for||Sericulture,Gold mining Horticulture,Milk Production,Mango production, Tomato production|
|• Total||46.56 km2 (17.98 sq mi)|
|Elevation||849 m (2,785 ft)|
|• Density||3,900/km2 (10,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
563101, 563102, 563103
Kolar is located at  with an average elevation of 849 metres (2,785 ft)..
It is located at a distance of about 70 kilometres (43 mi) from Bengaluru and 50 km from Bangalore International Airport 32 kilometres (20 mi) from Kolar Gold Fields. The city is located on the southern maidan (plains) region of Karnataka. The Ammerallikere, a tank, forms its eastern boundary. To the north is the Kodikannur tank, the main source of water supply to the city. The nearest railway junction is Kolar. Kolar is having good road transportation than, Rail amenities. It is situated on the Bengaluru - Chennai National Highway-75.
History of KolarEdit
The Western Gangas sovereignty lasted from about 350 to 550 CE, initially ruled from Kolar as their Capital City. The founder of the Western Ganga dynasty was Konganivarman Madhava, who built Kolar as his capital around 350 and ruled for about twenty years. He succeeded by his son Madhava I. Kolar, the headquarters of the Kolar district, was earlier known as Kuvalalapura, also known as Kolahala Pura. Historically, Kolar is said to be associated with the epic age, which recalls many legends associated with Avani in Mulbagal Taluk, which was also called Avani Kshetra.
It was once known as Avantika- Kshetra, a sacred place in Kolar district in Karnataka State. It was famous for its religious establishments from ancient times. It was once known as Aavanya which was under the Ganga prince Madhava Muttarasa, who governed several districts. In about A.D 890, its earliest grant relates that Tribhuvana Kartara Deva, who held the title of Kali Yuga Rudra, ruled over the Avaniya Thana for 40 years. During this period he constructed 50 temples and two large tanks. Maharshi Valmiki, author of the epic Ramayana, lived here. The legend goes further to establish that Seetha Devi, after being sent to exile, gave birth to her twins Lava and Kusha at Avani. The Avani continued to survive as a religious establishment from the 9th to 11th centuries. There are temples dedicated to Lord Rama.
The hill to the west of Kolar, called the Shatasringa Parvata or 'Hundred-Peaked Mountain' is 'Antharagange', associated with the story of Parasurama and his fight with King Kartaviryarjuna over Surabhi, the divine cow. As the story goes, King Kartavirya Arjuna (Sahasrarjuna) and his army visited Jamadagni, Parasurama's father, when the king demanded the magical cow from Jamadagni. When Jamadagni refused, the King sent his soldiers to take the cow, but Parashurama killed the entire army and the king with his axe. In return, the princes beheaded Jamadagni. Thus, Parasurama took an oath to behead the entire Kshatriya race, which is said to have taken place on the hills. It is said that the 'kolahala' on the death of Kartaviryarjuna gave its name to the town, which later become Kolar. Kannada is the main languages spoken in the district of Kolar. Telugu is also spoken. Gangas built the temple of Sri Uttameshwara temple in Uttanur Mulbagal Talluk.
Old City of Kolar comprises the following Areas:
1. Udayagiri Nagar(KHB colony) 2. Kurberpet 3. Kumbarpet 4. Kanakanapalya
5. Jayanagar 6. P.C.Halli 7. S.G.Layout 8. Dharmarayanagar
9. Big Bazaar 10. P.C.Extension 11. Kilaripet 12. Dr.Ambedkar Nagar
13. Old Extension 14. New Extension 15. Ammavaripet 16. Palasandram Layout
17. Gowripet 18. Autonagar 19. Harohalli 20. Mahalakshmi Layout
21. Gandhinagar 22. Gulpet 23. Shanthi Nagar 24. Chowdeshwari Nagar
25. Khushal Nagar 26. Nyamath 27. Noor Nagar 28. Gangammana Palya
29. RTO Nagar 30. Kataripalya 31. Karanjikatte 32. Shahinsha Nagar
33. Shahid Nagar 34. Sarige Nagar 35. Fort 36. Muneshwara Nagar
37. Antaragange 38. Cottonpet 39. Keelukote 40. Khutub Gowri Mohalla
41. Kuvempu Nagar 42. Vibhutipura 43. Devangapet 44. Shukur Ulla Sha Makan
45. Tekal Road 46. Sahakar Nagar 47. Rahmath Nagar 48. Dargha shahi mohalla
49. Ammavarpet 50. Bi Dragah Mohalla 51. BEML Layout/ C.Byregowda Nagar Udayagiri Nagar
Antaragange is one of the tourist attractions Of Kolar. It is also known as "Dakshina Kashi Kshetra". In the temple is a pond which gets a continuous flow of underground water from the mouth of a Basava (stone bull). There is a steep, narrow path to the top of the mountain. There are seven villages on this mountain, including Therhalli, papanayakana halli, Kenchegowdana Halli and several others. On the occasion of full moon day, the cultural association called AADIMA arranges, cultural activities. Which is attended by many notable scholars and artistes of Kannada drama industry. The mountain consists of granite rocks and lot of caves around. Antaragange is 4 Kilometers away from Kolar and 71 Kilometers away from State capital Bangalore. You can scale the heights of this mountain or hill by your own feet or Govt. of Karnataka laid a road to provide transportation facility to villagers who lives in the villages of hill and for the tourists. In the hill you can find a Dargah also.
Kolar was jagir part of Great Maratha warior Shahaji Raje and Shivaji brother Sambhaji and then kolar was part of chhatrapati shivaji swarajya territory in karnatka region. Antharagange is a hot spot for reality sector. The prices of the land in the hill shoots up to several millions/lakhs per acre. At the top of the hill you can find many more interesting things, which you can not expect elsewhere in the world.
Many rural areas are being urbanized, including the following:
1. Narasapura is the upcoming major hub for industry and other trading activities as it is located at the by-pass junction of Narasapura village towards Chennai Bangalore National Highway.
4. Arabhikothanur (Up to Narasapura Industrial Area)
13. Garudanahalli - Chokkahalli
16. Vemgal (Up to Vemagal Industrial Area)
17. Moorandahalli near solor city =auther by muralidhara k c 18. Thoradevandahalli
19. Arahalli (Up to Powergrid Station)
20. RM Golden City
21.Kodi Kannur auther muralidhara k c
Tourist attractions in Kolar districtEdit
List of tourist attractions in Kolar district important place and temple details provided here.
The major temples in the town are the Kolaramma Temple and the Someswara Temple. Someswara Temple is a fine example of the Vijayanagara style, complete with a massive pillared Mukha Mandapa, heavy Prakara walls, ornate Kalyana mantapa, a Devi Shrine and a lofty Gopura with fine stucco figures on the tower; while the door frame is carved in the typical Vijayanagara style, with dwarapalas, etc. The temple has a large tank (Kalyani) also. There are Vijayanagara inscriptions on the wall of the store room and the yagashala, dated to the 15th century.
Kolaramma Temple: This "L"-shaped temple has two shrines, one for Durga (Kolaramma) and the other for the Saptamatras. Both have a common vestibule. The Durga Shrine has a wagon-roof tower. The stucco figures in the Saptamatras shrine are unusually large. The temple is of Dravida Vimana Style, built in the Ganga Tradition (11th century). The Mahadwara has imposing pavilions in the inner side. The temple contains several Chola inscriptions, the earliest belonging to Mr. Yendeti (1012-1045).
Hyder Ali Tomb is also found. Islamic religion also plays a very important role. Many Dargahs are also found like Khutub Gowri Dargah in heart of the city, A Dargah above the Antaraganga Hill, etc., Number of mosques are also found all over Kolar.
In Kolar you can find both the streams of Christianity, like Roman Catholic and Protestants. Both have their own church. Catholic Church is located near mekke Circle and Methodist or Protestant church located exactly opposite to Shri T. Chennayya Rangamandir or T. Chennayya Auditorium.
The Member of Parliament is Muniswamy of the BJP
Srinivas Gowda is the local member of the Karnataka Legislative Assembly.
As of the[update] 2011 census, Kolar city municipality had a population of 183,462. The municipality had a sex ratio of 978 females per 1,000 males and 11.5% of the population were under six years old. Effective literacy was 84.02%; male literacy was 87.28% and female literacy was 80.69%.
- Hyder Ali: Father of Tipu Sultan
- D. V. Gundappa – Kannada poet
- Masti Venkatesha Iyengar: Kannada poet and recipient of Jnanpith Award
- K. H. Muniyappa: Member of Parliament from Kolar
- A. N. Prahlada Rao highest Crossword writer in India
- K. C. Reddy : First Chief Minister of Karnataka, (then Mysore State)
- Soundarya, One of the most versatile actresses in Indian film industry was from Ganjiguntae Mulabaagilu taluk a few kilometres away from kolar.
- Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya – The architect of modern Karnataka and of the Brindavan Gardens
- Pavananthi munivar - Tamil jain poet who written tamil grammer book Nannūl around 13th century.
Kolar has transportation amenities such as Buses, Taxis, and Auto Rickshaws.
Kolar also has a local transportation facility " Antaragange Kolara Nagara Sarige" which was inaugurated in July 2012 but Govt has stopped this services and utilizing these buses for rural areas.So Governing bodies must look into it.
The district headquarters has a railway station connecting two destinations:
Central Govt has proposed to construct new railway line between Kolar-Whitefield and Kolar-Mulbagal but both Govt must show interest in these projects which boosts up the industrial growth around the city.Bangarpet-Yelahanka via Kolar will be electrified which is sanctioned during Budget 2018-19.
Improvement of The CityEdit
. Most of the old buildings are getting demolished and new buildings are getting constructed.
. To avoid accidents, The police department has introduced the traffic light signals at KSRTC Bus Station Road and Mekke Circle.
. A 4-way lane is being built at Tekal Road, Petechamanahalli Extension, Kolar
. Exceeding garbage quantities and plastic usage in the town has lead to the founding of a non-profit initiative called 'Go Plog!' by Sumangali Noah. The organisation aims to make Kolar a garbage free environment.
Major Institutions and Medical colleges located in KolarEdit
Here is a list of Universities, Institutions and Medical college located in Kolar.
1.Bengaluru North University, Sri Devaraj Urs Extension, NH 75, Tamaka, Kolar-563103.
2.Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College (SDUMC) - Next to Horticulture college, NH 75, Tamaka, Kolar-563103.
3.College of Horticulture, Jack Garden, Tamaka, NH 75, Kolar-563103. It is a constituent College of University Horticultural Sciences, Bagalkot.
4.R.L.Jalappa teaching Hospital and Research center - Next to S.D.U.M.C, tamaka, Kolar.
5.C. Byre Gowda Institute of Technology, Thoradevanda Halli [p], Kolar-Srinivaspur Road, KOLAR- 563 101.
6.S.N.R. Hospital - Bangarapet road, Opp. Mahila Samaja School, Doomlight Circle, Kolar
7.E.T.C.M Mission Hospital - Bangarapet circle road, Kanakanapalya, Kolar
8.National Institute of Rock Mechanics (NIRM),KGF. It is the only institution in south Asia exclusively devoted to research in rock mechanics.
9.Sambhram Instiute Of Medical Sciences And Research, Chaitanyapuram, Kolar Gold Fields, Karnataka-563115
10.'Dr.T.Thimmaiah Institute of Technology', Oorgaum post, KGF, kolar 563120 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dr._T._Thimmaiah_Institute_of_Technology
11.Sri Gokula College Of Arts , Science and Management Studies , Gokula Nagar, NH-75 ,Kolar -563101
12.Vidya Jyothi PU College(Excel Academics),Basavanatha,NH 75,Kolar.
13.Vidya Jyothi school,Basavanatha,NH 75,Kolar.
14.Shyadri PU college Tekal road,Kolar
15. Sahyadri Degree college Tekal road,Kolar.
16.Sri Ramanamaharshi Vidyalaya Vijayanagar gardens,Kolar.
17. Sri RV international School,PC Extension, NH75 Kolar
18.Excellent PU Colloge,Sahyadri college road,Kolar.
19.Chowdeshwari Hospital - Opp. Anur Hardware, KSRTC Bus Station Road, Kolar
20. Arogya Hospital. Doom Light Circle Kolar
A New Government Medical College is going to be established in Vemagal Village, Which is about 17 Kilometers From
21. Janatha High School,Kembodi,kolar-mulbagal Road.
22. Zonal Horticultural Research Station (ZHRS) Hogalagere, Srinivasapura Taluk
23. St.Anne's High school,MB Road,Kolar.
24. Manipal hospital, Doomlight Circle, Kolar
25.Patanjali Arogya Kendra,23 kanakappa compound 3rd cross Kanakanapalya Kolar.09448661740.9483420964
26. Raj Diet clinic - clinic for diet therapy and nutrition, No. 40, 1st cross, S.G.Layout, Pete chamana halli, Kolar
27.Vasan Eye Care Hospital,Near Axis Bank,M.G road,Kolar.
28. Govt. First Grade College (Govt. College for Boys), Kolar
28 Govt. College for Women, Kolar
30.Bangalore Montessori School(BMS),Ammavaripete,Kolar.
31.First Grade College,College Circle,Kolar.
32.Kingston Academy Degree College, Sultan Tippusandra, Terhalli Road, Kolar.(www.kingstonacademykolar.com)
33.Kolar City Institute of Open Schooling, Kolar (For SSLC, PU & Distance Education Programmes Like UG and PG)
Industrial areas located in KolarEdit
- Narasapura Industrial Area - 15 Kilometers (National Highway 75)
- Tamaka Industrial Area - 5 Kilometers (NH75 )
- Vemagal Industrial Area - 15 Kilometers (kempegowda International Air port Road)
- Malur Industrial Area - 30 Kilometers (Hosur Road)
Wistron Infocomm Pvt ltd which manufactures Apple Inc products in India is going to set up their new plant in Kolar and other Major industries like Honda received incentives from the state government to manufacture motorcycles and it becomes the World's largest two wheeler manufacturing plant and also consists of major industries like Scania commercial vehicles India Pvt Ltd, Mahindra Aerospace, Glaxo Smith Kline(GSK) a pharmaceutical company,Tata Power, Mitsubishi Electric,Cerebra e-waste recycler plant,Prakash Buses,Lumax, Exedy had setup their plants around the city. Central Govt has proposed to setup Rail Coach Factory in 2011 but the progress is nill
- "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (pdf). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
- "Mango", Wikipedia, 7 June 2019, retrieved 7 June 2019
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kolar