Kniveton

Kniveton is a village and civil parish in Derbyshire, England. It is in the Peak District, 3 miles (4.8 km) north east of Ashbourne, 6 miles (9.7 km) south west of Wirksworth and 150 miles (240 km) from London. It is close to the reservoir at Carsington Water.

Kniveton
Kniveton, Derbyshire (geograph 417748).jpg
Kniveton
Kniveton is located in Derbyshire
Kniveton
Kniveton
Location within Derbyshire
OS grid referenceSK207501
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townASHBOURNE
Postcode districtDE6
PoliceDerbyshire
FireDerbyshire
AmbulanceEast Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire
53°02′53″N 1°41′31″W / 53.048°N 1.692°W / 53.048; -1.692Coordinates: 53°02′53″N 1°41′31″W / 53.048°N 1.692°W / 53.048; -1.692

HistoryEdit

ToponymyEdit

The name Kniveton derives from Cengifu and tun, meaning the farmstead of a woman named Cengifu, an Old English personal name.[1]

Early historyEdit

There are two scheduled barrows in Kniveton; Thomas Bateman excavated one in 1845. A later excavation revealed a riveted bronze dagger with an ivory pommel, an urn or food vessel, a perforated stone axe and an amber ring.[2]

Kniveton is mentioned in Domesday, where it is recorded as Cheniveton. The manor belonged to the Kniveton family. The manor was sold after 1660 to the Lowe family and afterwards to the Pegge family who sold it to the Meynells.[3]

During the 19th century the inhabitants worked in the cotton mills. Lime-burning and agriculture were other occupations.[4]

GovernanceEdit

Historically Kniveton was a township, parish and village in the Western division of the county, part of the ancient Wirksworth hundred, and part of the Ashbourne Poor Law Union which came into existence in January 1845.[5][6] The coat of arms on display in the church's stained glass window is that of the Kniveton family.

GeographyEdit

Kniveton covers 1,974 acres (7.99 km2). The underlying rock is limestone and the soil is heavy, much of it pastureland.[5]

Radio navigation beaconEdit

Kniveton also has a VOR/DME Beacon used for air traffic control to the north of the village centre.

DemographyEdit

Population changeEdit

Population growth in Kniveton from 1881–1961
Year 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1951 1961
Population 272 269 266 268 260 253 265 276

Kniveton Ch/CP/AP[7]

EducationEdit

In 1715 John Hurd gave land for the endowment of a school at Kniveton.[4] A church school was built in 1861.[5] Today Kniveton CE Primary School serves the village and the surrounding rural community.[8]

School Type Ofsted Website
Kniveton Primary School Primary school 112834 website

ReligionEdit

 
St. Michael's Church, Kniveton

The church in Kniveton was originally a chapelry to St Oswald's church in Ashbourne.[5] St Michael and All Angels' Church has Norman origins as evidenced in the plain semi-circular arch of the porch. It is on a small hill and built of coursed rubble gritstone with ashlar dressings in the Early English style. It dates from the 13th century and consists of chancel, nave, south porch and a low embattled western tower with a short spire. The tower has two 17th-century bells, one dated 1665.[5][9][10] St Michael's Church is a Grade I listed building.[11]

The former Kniveton Methodist Church dates from 1832. It is built of red brick on a stone plinth with a tiled roof. It is a Grade II listed building.[12][13]

ReferencesEdit

Notes

  1. ^ Mills 1998, p. 210
  2. ^ Kniveton, megalithic.co.uk, retrieved 12 December 2009
  3. ^ Lysons, Daniel & Samuel (1817), Magna Britannia Vol 5 Topographical and Historical Account of Derbyshire, British History Online, pp. 192_202, retrieved 12 December 2009
  4. ^ a b Kniveton, genuki.org.uk/, retrieved 12 December 2009
  5. ^ a b c d e Kniveton Kelly, andrewspages, archived from the original on 4 May 2010, retrieved 12 December 2009
  6. ^ PėLU, workhouses.org.uk, archived from the original on 5 June 2011, retrieved 12 December 2009
  7. ^ Kniveton Ch/CP/AP Population Change, visionofbritain.org.uk, retrieved 12 December 2009
  8. ^ School, derbyshire.sch.uk, archived from the original on 25 August 2010, retrieved 12 December 2009
  9. ^ Church, derbyshireuk.net, retrieved 12 December 2009
  10. ^ Historic England, "St Michael (1146435)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 12 December 2009
  11. ^ Historic England, "Former Chapel (1311858)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 12 December 2009
  12. ^ Historic England. "Former Wesleyan Chapel  (Grade II) (1311858)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 January 2019.

Bibliography

External linksEdit

  Media related to Kniveton at Wikimedia Commons