Kivertsi (Ukrainian: Ківерці, Russian: Киверцы, Polish: Kiwerce) is a town in Volyn Oblast, Ukraine. It is the administrative center of Kivertsi Raion. Area in total - 848,200 ha. Population: 13,971 (2020 est.)
Kivertsi railway station
|Oblast (province)||Volyn Oblast|
|Raion (district)||Kivertsi Raion|
|• Mayor||Volodymyr Zhghutov|
|Elevation||194 m (636 ft)|
|• Total||13 971|
Kivertsi is located in Ukraine and time zone Europe/Kyiv, 12 km northeast from the city of Lutsk, the regional center.
The town has 3 artificial reservoirs (lake Molodizhne () area of 1.25 hectares, and two little lakes with an area of 1 ha each), the Prudnik River is passing through. On all sides the town is surrounded by forests. Within the city Kivertsi there is 171.7 hectares of forested land.
The Emblem of Kivertsi - a square divided horizontally into two parts. On the upper side of the white part there's a running red squirrel, the lower side is divided into three vertical stripes of equal width - green, yellow and green.
Origin of the nameEdit
The name ”Kivertsi” historians associate with the name of an ancient tribe called ”Tivertsi” that lived on the banks of the Dniester River at the mouth of the Danube. At the end of the 11th and the beginning of the 12th century under the pressure of neighbour nomadic tribes Tivertsi moved north. Divided into smaller groups the tribe has spread and settled in Volyn. Over time, the name mutated into ”Kivertsi” and was assigned to the place of settlement of the tribe.
Kivertsi is a relatively young city, it is a little more than 130 years. Although the first settlements in this area appeared much earlier, as evidenced by the treasure of Roman coins from II-III BC, found here in 1700.
Kivertsi town owes its appearance on the map to the development of railway construction, which intensified after the abolition of serfdom in Russia in 1861.
In the 1870-1873 between the cities of Rivne and Kovel a railway track was laid, and 7 km from the village Kivertsi (now Prylutske) was built a station with the same name. In 1890, the War Department of the Russian Empire paved the railroad through Kivertsi to Lutsk, and than - to Lviv and Radehov, a border state with Austria-Hungary at that time. The town became an important railway junction.
In March 1918 residents strongly opposed the Austro-Hungarian occupation. In May 1919 Kivertsi was captured by the Poles. In July 1920 the city was occupied by the Red Army but according to the Riga Treaty of 1921 the settlement became a part of Poland.
In September 1939 Kivertsi was incorporated by the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. In July 1941 German troops captured Kivertsi. In February 1944 Kivertsi was liberated from the German invaders.
A local newspaper is published here since January 1945.
Numerous institutions of trade, public catering, consumer services, Kivertsi's city stadium, park, playground with artificial turf play significant role in Kivertsi's infrastructure.
Interesting events and celebrations taking place in KivertsiEdit
- Independence Day - 24 August
- National Flag Day - 23 August
- Day of Kivertsi - 9 September
- Youth Day - the last Sunday of May
- International Children's Day - 1 June
- Victory Day - 9 May
- Holodomor(The Great Famine) Remembrance Day - November 28
- "Farewell winter, spring meeting"
- "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
- № 2635. Ленинским путём // Летопись периодических и продолжающихся изданий СССР 1986—1990. Часть 2. Газеты. М., «Книжная палата», 1994. стр.345
- Киверцы // Большая Советская Энциклопедия. / под ред. А. М. Прохорова. 3-е изд. том 12. М., «Советская энциклопедия», 1973. стр.83
- Киверцы // Большой энциклопедический словарь (в 2-х тт.). / редколл., гл. ред. А. М. Прохоров. том 1. М., "Советская энциклопедия", 1991. стр.573
- Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность городского населения союзных республик, их территориальных единиц, городских поселений и городских районов по полу