Kittanning (// pronounced ki-TAN-ing) is a borough and the county seat of Armstrong County in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. It is situated 44 miles (71 km) northeast of Pittsburgh, along the east bank of the Allegheny River.
|Borough of Kittanning|
The Kittanning Citizens Bridge, Armstrong County Courthouse, and downtown of Kittanning
|Etymology: Lenape kithanink, 'on the main river'|
Location of Kittanning in Armstrong County, Pennsylvania.
Location of Pennsylvania in the United States
|Settled||1727 (Native American village)|
|• Total||1.25 sq mi (3.24 km2)|
|• Land||1.00 sq mi (2.58 km2)|
|• Water||0.25 sq mi (0.66 km2)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||3,736.95/sq mi (1,442.35/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|Area code(s)||724, 878|
The name is derived from Kithanink, which means 'on the main river' in Lenape or the Delaware language, from kit- 'big' + hane 'mountain river' + -ink (suffix used in place names). "The main river" is a Lenape term for the Allegheny and Ohio combined, which they considered as all one river. The borough and its bridge have been used as a setting for several recent films.
The borough is located on the east bank of the Allegheny River, founded on the site of the eighteenth-century Lenape (Delaware) village of Kittanning at the western end of the Kittanning Path, an ancient Native American path.
In 1756, the village was destroyed by John Armstrong, Sr. at the Battle of Kittanning during the French and Indian War. During the attack, a blast from the explosion of gunpowder stored in Captain Jacobs's house was heard in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 44 miles away.
Kittanning was designated as the seat of Armstrong County when the county was organized. It was settled by European Americans largely after the American Revolutionary War, although Anthony Sadowski (also recorded by the anglicized name of Sandusky), a prominent Polish-American trader, and other Native American traders operated here before the Revolutionary War.
During the American Civil War, the 103rd Regiment of Pennsylvania Infantry volunteers was organized at Kittanning from September 7, 1861 - February 22, 1862. Among other engagements, the unit participated in the Siege of Yorktown (1862) as well as the Battle of Plymouth (1864), during which most of the regiment was captured.
By the early in the 20th century, the city had developed considerable industry: large iron and steel works, foundries, and coal mines, all associated with the steel and iron industries of Pittsburgh; glassworks, flour and lumber mills; china, pottery, brick, lime, and clay works; and mirror and typewriter factories, breweries, etc. It reached its peak of population in 1930 and was adversely affected by the Great Depression. After World War II, changes in industry and restructuring of heavy industry caused a loss of jobs in many of these works, with an associated population decline.
The playground on North Jefferson Street was developed on the former site of the historic Kittanning Cemetery. In order to enable this, the city moved 274 graves in 1960 to a new cemetery formed along Troy Hill Road.
In 1900, 3,902 people lived in Kittanning, and in 1910, there were 4,311 inhabitants. After Kittanning merged with Wickboro (1910 population 2,775), in 1914, the population was estimated at 10,000, which was likely high. The 1920 census counted 7,153 residents. In 1930, there were 7,808 residents; in 1940, 7,550. Since late 20th century industrial decline, the population was 4,044 at the 2010 census.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,787 people, 2,032 households, and 1,117 families residing in the borough. The population density was 4,615.2 people per square mile (1,777.2/km²). There were 2,251 housing units at an average density of 2,170.2 per square mile (835.7/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 97.31% White, 1.57% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.08% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.67% of the population.
There were 2,032 households, out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.7% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.0% were non-families. 40.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 19.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.96.
The borough median age of 40 years was the same as the county median age. The distribution by age group was 22.2% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 20.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.2 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $20,921, and the median income for a family was $30,822. Males had a median income of $29,036 versus $20,040 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $13,787. About 12.3% of families and 16.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.8% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.
All public schools in the Kittanning attendance area are a part of the Armstrong School District.
- WTYM AM 1380
In popular cultureEdit
Several popular movies and televisions programs have been filmed in Kittanning.
The original bridge over the Allegheny River at Kittanning was torn down and replaced with the Kittanning Citizens Bridge, which was built higher above ground level to avoid flooding. Scenes with the town and bridge were the used in the film The Mothman Prophecies (2002) starring Richard Gere and Laura Linney, which was filmed in the Kittanning area.
In 2019 Netflix show Manhunt (the lone wolf), a second season of the show Manhunt, based on the 1996 Olympic bombings and the nation wide 5 year search of Eric Rudolph, was being filmed in Kittanning. The show is set to have a 2020 release date on Netflix.
- Jason Altmire, U.S. Congressman
- Nick Bowers, NFL tight end for the Las Vegas Raiders
- Mitch Frerotte, former NFL player 
- Daniel Brodhead Heiner, U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania
- Ed Hobaugh, baseball player
- Teri Hope, actress and Playboy Playmate
- Jack Lambert, NFL player
- Ralph Patt, jazz guitarist
- Mickey Morandini, Baseball Player 
- Dick Starr, major league pitcher
- George L. Shoup, First governor of Idaho, United States senator
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "kithanink". Lenape Talking Dictionary. Archived from the original on 2012-03-15. Retrieved 2012-06-11.
- Smith, Robert Walker (1883). History of Armstrong County, Pennsylvania. Chicago: Waterman, Watkins, & Co. Archived from the original on 2014-06-01. Retrieved 2012-06-12.
- "103rd Regiment, Pennsylvania Infantry". National Park Service. Retrieved 2020-08-24.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 June 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- "The Kittanning Paper". Archived from the original on 2009-07-07. Retrieved 2009-04-17.
- "Family-Life TV". Archived from the original on 2008-10-16. Retrieved 2008-10-10.
- Fryer, Mitch (2008-04-30). "Producers, crew scout area for horror film". Leader Times. The Tribune-Review Publishing Co. Archived from the original on 2008-06-09. Retrieved 2009-04-05.
- Owen, Rob (January 18, 2010). "Producer of FX's 'Justified' recalls 'boom' times here". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Archived from the original on 2013-09-30. Retrieved 2013-09-06.
- Signorini, Renatta (2010-08-31). "Cameras roll, traffic slows as filming on Kittanning Citizens Bridge starts". Leader Times. Trib Total Media. Archived from the original on 2012-09-11. Retrieved 2010-08-31.
- Weaver, Jonathan (2017-01-14). ""Mindhunter" Puts Spotlight on Kittanning for Netflix". The Kittanning Paper. Archived from the original on 2017-10-13. Retrieved 2017-11-17.
- "Mitch Frerotte". Pro-Football-Reference.Com. Archived from the original on 2012-11-16. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
- "HEINER, Daniel Brodhead, (1854 - 1944)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Archived from the original on 2012-10-16. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
- "Ed Hobaugh Stats". Baseball Almanac. Archived from the original on 2012-11-04. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
- "Teri Hope, Native Girl, Comes Home". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 1961-11-28. Retrieved October 28, 2012.
- "Michael Robert Morandini". Baseball-Reference.Com. Archived from the original on 2013-01-20. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kittanning, Pennsylvania.|
- Armstrong County Tourist Bureau website
- Carl's Kittanning.com website "since 1997"
- Downtown Kittanning Walking Tour as a photo essay.
- Kittanning Online – history of Kittanning and social networking site