|• Total||48.21 km2 (18.61 sq mi)|
(October 1, 2016)
|• Density||9.0/km2 (23/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+09:00 (JST)|
Kitayama is the only remaining village in Wakayama Prefecture. Kitayama is known in Japan for growing a fruit called jabara, which is considered a potent cure for hay fever.
Kitayama has a long history associated with logging, cutting trees and sending the timber to be sold in nearby Shingū. When the transition from the Edo period to the modern era of prefectures occurred, the people of Kitayama desired to remain a part of Wakayama prefecture due to their close connections with Shingu City, and as a result this request was granted and for this reason the village is now an exclave. In 2005, there were plans for the village to merge with Shingu but this was canceled.