Kiss Me Deadly
Kiss Me Deadly is an independently made 1955 American film noir, produced and directed by Robert Aldrich, and starring Ralph Meeker, Albert Dekker, Paul Stewart, Juano Hernandez, Wesley Addy, and with Maxine Cooper and Cloris Leachman in their feature film debuts. The screenplay was written by Aldrich and A.I. Bezzerides, based on Mickey Spillane's crime novel Kiss Me, Deadly. The black-and-white film was released by United Artists.
|Kiss Me Deadly|
|Directed by||Robert Aldrich|
|Produced by||Robert Aldrich|
|Screenplay by||A.I. Bezzerides|
Robert Aldrich (uncredited)
|Based on||the novel Kiss Me, Deadly|
by Mickey Spillane
|Music by||Frank DeVol|
|Edited by||Michael Luciano|
|Distributed by||United Artists|
104 minutes (USA)
|Box office||$726,000 (USA/Canada)|
436,699 admissions (France)
Kiss Me Deadly grossed $726,000 in the United States and $226,000 overseas. The film also withstood scrutiny from the Kefauver Commission, which called it a film "designed to ruin young viewers", leading director Aldrich to protest the Commission's conclusions. Despite initial critical malaise, it is considered one of the most important and influential film noirs of all time, with praise directed at its bleak tone, deconstruction of pulp fiction archetypes, and twist ending.
One evening on a lonely country road, Hammer gives a ride to Christina (Cloris Leachman), an attractive hitchhiker wearing nothing but a trench coat. She has escaped from a mental institution. Thugs waylay them, and Hammer awakens in some unknown location where he hears Christina screaming and being tortured to death. The thugs then push Hammer's car off a cliff with Christina's body and an unconscious Hammer inside. Hammer next awakens in a hospital with Velda by his bedside. He decides to pursue the case, for vengeance, a sense of guilt (as Christina had asked him to "remember me" if she got killed), and because "she (Christina) must be connected with something big" behind it all.
The twisting plot takes Hammer to the apartment of Lily Carver (Gaby Rodgers), who says she is Christina's ex-roommate. Lily tells Hammer she has gone into hiding and asks Hammer to protect her. It turns out that she is after a mysterious box that, she believes, has contents worth a fortune.
Hammer picks up the trail of the three thugs who murdered Christina, and who are also seeking the mysterious box. They retaliate by killing Hammer’s friend and mechanic Nick. They then kidnap him and take him to an isolated beach house, where their boss, Dr. G.E. Soberin (Albert Dekker), injects him with sodium pentothal and interrogates him. Hammer kills Soberin’s thugs and escapes, but when he goes to his friend Lieutenant Pat Murphy (Wesley Addy) for help, Murphy refuses and warns him that the case is involved with a top-secret government experiment akin to the Manhattan Project.
Hammer goes back to the beach house and finds "Lily", who is revealed to be an imposter named Gabrielle, with Soberin. Velda is their hostage, tied up in a bedroom. Soberin and Gabrielle discuss splitting the value of the box, but instead, Gabrielle shoots Soberin. With his dying words, Soberin urges Gabrielle to not open the box.
When Hammer comes into the room, she shoots him. Gabrielle then opens the box, which emits a blinding light. The highly unstable radionuclide material inside reaches explosive criticality as it becomes fully exposed, and Gabrielle bursts into flames, with the room and eventually the entire house becoming engulfed. Hammer, wounded, struggles to his feet, then searches for Velda. Together, the pair flee the flaming room and house, helping each other along the beach, away from the house, to the ocean.
The original American release of the film shows Hammer and Velda escaping from the burning house at the end, staggering into the ocean as the words "The End" come over them on the screen. Sometime after its first release, the ending was altered on the film's original negative, removing more than a minute's worth of shots where Hammer and Velda escape and superimposing the words "The End" over the burning house. This implied that Hammer and Velda perished in the atomic blaze, and has often been interpreted to represent the apocalypse. In 1997, the original conclusion was restored, where Velda and Mike survive. The DVD release has the original ending, and offers the truncated ending as an extra.
- Ralph Meeker as Mike Hammer
- Albert Dekker as Dr. G.E. Soberin
- Paul Stewart as Carl Evello
- Juano Hernandez as Eddie Yeager
- Wesley Addy as Lt. Pat Murphy
- Maxine Cooper as Velda
- Cloris Leachman as Christina Bailey
- Gaby Rodgers as Gabrielle/Lilly Carver
- Nick Dennis as Nick
- Jack Lambert as Sugar Smallhouse
- Jack Elam as Charlie Max
- Leigh Snowden as Cheesecake
- Percy Helton as Doc Kennedy
- Strother Martin as Harvey Wallace
- Paul Richards as Paul Richards
- Fortunio Bonanova as Carmen Trivago
In October 1954 Robert Aldrich announced he would produce and direct two Mickey Spillane stories the following year, for Parklane Productions, an independent company owned by Victor Saville. The stories would be "Kiss Me Deadly" and "My Gun is Quick". Saville turned over control to Aldrich because he was busy on The Silver Chalice.
Los Angeles locationsEdit
Kiss Me Deadly remains one of the great time capsules of Los Angeles. The Bunker Hill locations were all destroyed when the downtown neighborhood was razed in the late 1960s.
- Hill Crest Hotel, NE corner of Third and Olive Streets, Bunker Hill (Italian opera singer's home)
- The Donigan 'Castle', a Victorian mansion at 325 S. Bunker Hill Avenue (where Cloris Leachman's character lived; it was used for interiors and exteriors).
- Apartment Building, 10401 Wilshire Boulevard, NW corner of Wilshire and Beverly Glen (Hammer's apartment building; still standing)
- Carl Evello's Mansion, 603 Doheny Road, Beverly Hills, California
- Clay Street, an alley beneath Angels Flight incline railway, on Bunker Hill, where Hammer parks his Corvette and then takes the back steps up to the Hill Crest Hotel, but when we cut to him approaching the hotel's large porch, he's on the Third Street steps opposite Angels Flight.
- Club Pigalle, 4800 block of Figueroa Avenue (the black jazz nightclub where Hammer hangs out)
- Hollywood Athletic Club, 6525 W. Sunset Blvd. (where Hammer finds the radioactive box; still standing)
Homage is paid to the glowing suitcase MacGuffin in the 1984 cult film Repo Man, the film Ronin, and in Tarantino's film Pulp Fiction. The "shiny blue suitcase" is mentioned with other famous MacGuffins in Guardians of the Galaxy. When the Ark of the Covenant in the film Raiders of the Lost Ark is opened, the shot of Rene Belloq's face melting is directly inspired by that of Gabrielle opening the suitcase. In the film Southland Tales, Richard Kelly pays homage to the film, showing the main characters watching the beginning on their television and later the opening of the case is shown on screens on board the mega-Zeppelin.
Critical commentary generally views it as a metaphor for the paranoia and nuclear fears of the Cold War in which it was filmed. "The great whatsit", as Velda refers to the small, mysterious valise at the center of Hammer's quest, is hot to the touch and contains a dangerous, glowing substance. It comes to represent the 1950s Cold War fear and paranoia about the atomic bomb. The film has been described as "the definitive, apocalyptic, nihilistic, science-fiction film noir of all time – at the close of the classic noir period".
Although a leftist at the time of the Hollywood blacklist, Bezzerides denied any conscious intention for this metaphor in his script. About the topic, he said, "I was having fun with it. I wanted to make every scene, every character, interesting."
Film critic Nick Schager wrote, "Never was Mike Hammer's name more fitting than in Kiss Me Deadly, Robert Aldrich's blisteringly nihilistic noir in which star Ralph Meeker embodies Mickey Spillane's legendary P.I. with brute force savagery... The gumshoe's subsequent investigation into the woman's death doubles as a lacerating indictment of modern society's dissolution into physical/moral/spiritual degeneracy – a reversion that ultimately leads to nuclear apocalypse and man's return to the primordial sea – with the director's knuckle-sandwich cynicism pummeling the genre's romantic fatalism into a bloody pulp. 'Remember me'? Aldrich's sadistic, fatalistic masterpiece is impossible to forget".
The film review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes reports that 97% of its critics gave the film a positive review, with an average rating of 8.1/10, based on 37 reviews; its consensus states, "An intriguing, wonderfully subversive blend of art and commerce, Kiss Me Deadly is an influential noir classic".
Differences from the novelEdit
The original novel, while providing much of the plot, is about a mafia conspiracy and does not feature espionage and the mysterious nuclear suitcase, elements added to the film version by Bezzerides.
It further subverted Spillane's book by portraying Hammer as an amoral, narcissistic bully, perhaps the darkest anti-hero private detective in film noir. He apparently makes most of his living by blackmailing adulterous husbands and wives, and he takes an obvious sadistic pleasure in violence, whether he's beating up thugs sent to kill him, breaking a contact's treasured record to get him to talk, or roughing up a coroner who's slow to part with a piece of information. He also apparently has no compunction about engaging in acts such as pimping his secretary. Bezzerides wrote of the script: "I wrote it fast because I had contempt for it... I tell you Spillane didn't like what I did with his book. I ran into him at a restaurant and, boy, he didn't like me".
A digitally restored version of the film was released on DVD and Blu-ray by The Criterion Collection in June 2011 and has the alternative ending as a bonus feature.
- Alain Silver and James Ursini, Whatever Happened to Robert Aldrich?, Limelight, 1995 p 238
- French box office results for Robert Aldrich films at Box Office Story
- Nelson, Valerie J. (2009-04-15). "Maxine Cooper Gomberg dies at 84; actress in the film noir classic 'Kiss Me Deadly'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2009-04-16.
- Arnold and Miller, 1986. p. 38: “...screenplay by A. I. Bezzerides (with contributions from Aldrich) made no effort to follow the book’s convoluted plot, [though] both are structured around [a] search for a mysterious box”.
- Cox, Alex (2006-06-16). "Nuclear-powered nastiness". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-07-27.
- "Kiss Me Deadly". The Criterion Collection. Retrieved 2019-07-27.
- Hamid, Rahul. "Kiss Me Deadly (Robert Aldrich, 1955)". Retrieved 2019-07-27.
- "DVR Alert: Kiss Me Deadly". 2010-03-19. ISSN 0028-792X. Retrieved 2019-07-27.
- Pryors, Thomas M (3 Sep 1954). "TRACY AND CLIFT TO STAR IN FILM: Metro Will Team Actors in 'Bannon' Against Background of U. S. Labor Movement". New York Times.
- Prince, Stephen, Visions of Empire: Political Imagery in Contemporary American Film, Praeger/Greenwood, 1992, ISBN 0-275-93662-7.
- Dirks, Tim. "Kiss Me Deadly". Filmsite.org.
- Vallance, Tom Archived 2007-10-01 at the Wayback Machine. The Independent, Obituary, "A.I. Bezzerides. No-nonsense novelist/screenwriter," January 20, 2007. Last accessed: March 25, 2008.
- Schager, Nick. Slant Magazine, film review, 2006. Last accessed: March 25, 2008.
- Kiss Me Deadly at Rotten Tomatoes. Last accessed: February 22, 2013.
- Bergan, Ronald The Guardian, Obituary, "A.I. Bezzerides: Screenwriter victim of the Hollywood blacklist, he is renowned for three classic American film noirs," February 6, 2007.
- "Kiss Me Deadly". The Criterion Collection.
- Parish, James Robert and Michael R. Pitts. The Great Science Fiction Pictures. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, 1977. ISBN 0-8108-1029-8.
- Strick, Philip. Science Fiction Movies. London: Octopus Books Limited, 1976. ISBN 0-7064-0470-X.
- Warren, Bill. Keep Watching The Skies: Science Fiction Films of the Fiftees Vol I: 1950–1957. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, 1982. ISBN 0-89950-032-3.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Kiss Me Deadly|
- Kiss Me Deadly at the American Film Institute Catalog
- Kiss Me Deadly on IMDb
- Kiss Me Deadly at AllMovie
- Kiss Me Deadly at the TCM Movie Database
- Kiss Me Deadly article by Alain Silver ("Evidence of a Style")
- Kiss Me Deadly: The Thriller of Tomorrow an essay by J. Hoberman at the Criterion Collection
- Kiss Me Deadly photos from the set
- Kiss Me Deadly article by Glenn Erickson ("The Kiss Me Mangled Mystery")
- on YouTube