The Kintamani (anjing Kintamani) or the Kintamani-Bali Dog is a dog native to the Indonesian island of Bali. It is a popular pet for the Balinese and locally Bali's only official breed. It is an evolving breed indigenous to the Kintamani region which was developed from free-roaming local Bali street dogs. In 2019, the FCI decided to give the breed a provisional recognition.
3-month old white puppy with apricot-tipped ears
|Other names||Balinese Kintamani, Balinese Mountain Dog, Balinese Dog, Bali-Berghund, Anjing Kintamani-Bali, Kintamani-Bali Dog, Chien de Bali/Kintamani, Kintamani-Bali-Hund, Perro Kintamani-Bali|
|Domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris)|
A genetic study indicates that the Kintamani dog is native to Bali and was derived from Bali street dogs. The Bali street dog and Kintamani dog were most closely aligned with the Australian dingo, more distantly related to AKC recognized breeds of Asian origin but not those of European origin. Therefore, the Kintamani dog was developed from Balinese dogs with little loss of genetic diversity.
The ancestors of the Balinese street dog arrived on Bali around 3,000 years ago and been largely isolated since. A rabies control measure implemented in 1926 meant that foreign dogs could not enter Bali. Therefore, these dogs have free-bred and free-roamed for thousands of years with limited genetic change.
The Kintamani looks something like a mix between the Samoyed and a Malamute. They have long hair, a broad face, a flat forehead, and flat cheeks like Chinese dogs such as the Chow Chow and are amenable to life as a pet. Whilst many live much the same kind of life as an average village dog, they dig holes to nest their young and some live in small caves among the boulders around Kintamani. They are locally considered good-looking dogs are more often sought after as good pets. The Kintamani dog is gentle around people, yet retains enough assertive behavior to render it a noteworthy (but not vicious) watchdog.
The most desiredcoat color is white - preferably with apricot-tipped ears. Breeders often confine the dogs to cold dark caves near the Kintamani volcano, insisting it an essential step in developing the thick white coat. The FCI standard also accepts fawn (beige), red, brindle, and black colours. In fawn, red, and brindle variations the black mask is preferred.
The withers height of the female Kintamani dog is 44–52 cm, 49–57 cm for the male, about the same as the stature of the Bali street dog. The desired physical traits of the Kintamani dog include erect ears, forwardly curved tail held at the midline, medium to longhaired coat, almond-shaped brown eyes, and black skin pigment.
Bali street dogs come in many colors and coat patterns, and they are almost always shorthaired and straight- to curve- tailed. Both still whelp in burrows dug into the earth, a feral dog trait.
A fiercely independent breed, Kintamanis can be aggressively territorial while at the same time tender and affectionate with their own families. While most dog breeds are disinclined to climbing and heights, Kintamanis will climb across roofs and spend parts of the day happily installed sitting or sleeping atop a garden wall. They are light-footed and move freely, smoothly and lithely, and will bark when confronted with an unfamiliar sound or sight.
The Bangli Regency authority facilitates the Kintamani Dog Exhibition and Contest every year to promote the Kintamani Dog. The authority also guides Kintamani Dog breeders, makes rules about Kintamani Dog purification areas and has made a demonstration pilot project in some villages.
- Kintamani-Bali-Dog. FCI. Searched March 24th 2019.
- Puja IK, Irion DN, Schaffer AL, Pedersen NC (2005). "The Kintamani dog: genetic profile of an emerging breed from Bali, Indonesia". J. Hered. 96 (7): 854–9. doi:10.1093/jhered/esi067. PMID 16014810.
- Corrieri, Luca; Adda, Marco; Miklósi, Ádám; Kubinyi, Enikő (2018). "Companion and free-ranging Bali dogs: Environmental links with personality traits in an endemic dog population of South East Asia". PLOS ONE. 13 (6): e0197354. Bibcode:2018PLoSO..1397354C. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0197354. PMC 5988322. PMID 29870525.
- "Kontes Anjing Kintamani di Bangli Layak Dapat Penghargaan Dunia". June 16, 2014.