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Kings Crossing Site is an archaeological site that is a type site for the Kings Crossing Phase (950-1050 CE) of the Lower Yazoo Basin Coles Creek chronology.

Kings Crossing Site
Kings Crossing Site HRoe 2008.jpg
A digital painting showing what the Kings Crossing Site may have looked like at its peak. Artist Herb Roe
Kings Crossing Site is located in Mississippi
Kings Crossing Site
Location within Mississippi today
LocationVicksburg, MississippiWarren County, Mississippi USA
RegionWarren County, Mississippi
Coordinates32°24′7.49″N 90°51′17.64″W / 32.4020806°N 90.8549000°W / 32.4020806; -90.8549000
History
Founded900 CE
Abandoned1050
PeriodsKings Crossing Phase
CulturesColes Creek culture
Site notes
ArchaeologistsClarence B. Moore
Responsible body: private

Contents

LocationEdit

 
A photo of Mound A

The site is located four miles north of the center of Vicksburg, between Chickasaw Bayou and the Illinois Central railroad tracks.

Site importanceEdit

Clarence B. Moore, who visited the site in 1908, described Mound A as being 25 feet (7.6 m) tall, although by the 1950s it had been significantly reduced in height. Mound B has been almost completely leveled, although a small rise can be discerned. Mound C is roughly 12 feet (3.7 m) tall. Mounds A and C are both roughly 120 feet (37 m) sq. Pottery sampling in the 1950s from Mound A gave the site a historical importance out of all proportion to its size. Test pits from a 1949 excavation of the Holly Bluff Site produced an important glimpse of a late "transitional" Coles Creek to Plaquemine assemblage featuring thin tapered rims of polished plain ware and carefully executed varieties of Coles Creek incised and associated types. Although intriguing as pottery, it was not sufficiently integrated strategraphically to postulate a distinct phase. Site sampling from the Kings Crossing Site in 1954 supplied the integration and gave the phase a name. Since then, especially in the Tensas Basin, it has become one of the firmest and most easily identifiable ceramic complexes in the Lower Mississippi area.[1]

In 2005 the Kings Crossing Site was portrayed on the Vicksburg Floodwall Mural project to represent the American Indian heritage of the region.[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Phillips, Philip (1970). Archaeological Survey in the Lower Yazoo Basin, Mississippi, 1949-1955. Peabody Museum. p. 435.
  2. ^ http://www.riverfrontmurals.com/indian.htm

External linksEdit