Philip Phillips (11 August 1900 – 11 December 1994) was an influential archaeologist in the United States during the 20th century. Although his first graduate work was in architecture, he later received a doctorate from Harvard University under advisor Alfred Marston Tozzer. His first archaeological experiences were on Iroquois sites, but he specialized in the Mississippian culture, especially its Lower Mississippi Valley incarnation.
In 1937, he was appointed assistant curator of Southeastern Archaeology at the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard. In 1949, he became its curator; and remained an honorary curator from his 1967 retirement until his death.
His professional obituary, including a summary of his life's accomplishments, was written by his lifelong colleague and collaborator Gordon R. Willey. It was published in 1996 by the Society for American Archaeology.
Phillips married Ruth Wilma Schoellkopf (daughter of business magnate Jacob F. Schoellkopf Jr.) in 1922 in Buffalo, New York. In 1942, the Phillips resided in Cambridge, Massachusetts. In 1955 their son Bradley Sawyer Phillips (1929–1991) married the poet V. R. Lang (1924–1956).
Phillips' published works include:
- Brain, Jeffrey P. and Philip Phillips. 1996. Shell Gorgets: Styles of the Late Prehistoric and Protohistoric Southeast. Peabody Museum Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
- Phillips, Philip. 1970. Archaeological Survey in the Lower Yazoo Basin, Mississippi, 1949-1955. Peabody Museum Papers, vol. 60. Harvard University, Cambridge.
- Phillips, Philip and J. A. Brown. 1975-83. Pre-Columbian Shell Engravings from the Craig Mound at Spiro, Oklahoma. (6 volumes) Cambridge, Peabody Museum Press.
- Phillips, Philip and J. A. Brown. 1984. Pre-Columbian Shell Engravings from the Craig Mound at Spiro, Oklahoma. (2-volume softbound edition) Cambridge, Peabody Museum Press.
- Phillips, Philip, James A. Ford, and James B. Griffin. 1951. Archaeological Survey in the Lower Mississippi Alluvial Valley, 1940-1947. Peabody Museum Papers, vol. 25. Harvard University, Cambridge.
- Willey, Gordon R. and Philip Phillips. 1958. Method and Theory in American Archaeology. University of Chicago Press, Chicago. 2001 pbk edition, with a new foreword by Gordon R. Willey and an introduction by the editors R. Lee Lyman and Michael J. O'Brien. University of Alabama Press. 2001-02-14. ISBN 9780817310882.
- Philip Phillips; James A. Ford; James Alfred Ford; James B. Griffin; Stephen Williams (2003). Archaeological Survey in the Lower Mississippi Alluvial Valley 1940-1947. The University of Alabama Press. ISBN 9780817350222. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
- "Schoellkopf Will Leaves $50,000 to Boy Scouts" (PDF). Lockport N.Y. - Union-Sun & Journal. September 16, 1942. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
- Theroux, Alexander (14 February 2011). The Strange Case of Edward Gorey. Fantagraphics Books. p. 81. ISBN 978-1-60699-384-2.
- Haag, William G. (April 1972). "Book Review: Archaeological Survey in the Lower Yazoo Basin, Mississippi, 1949-1955 by Philip Phillips". Science. 176 (4032): 272. Bibcode:1972Sci...176..272P. doi:10.1126/science.176.4032.272.
- Knight, Vernon James (1985). "Book Review: Pre-Columbian Shell Engravings from the Craig Mound at Spiro, Oklahoma by Phillips and Brown". Southeastern Archaeology. 4 (2): 152.
- Willey, Gordon R. Obituary: Philip Phillips 1900-1994. American Antiquity, Vol. 61, No. 1. (Jan., 1996), pp. 39–43.