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The King's Royal Hussars (KRH) is a cavalry regiment of the British Army. It is part of the Royal Armoured Corps. The regiment was formed in 1992 and is based at Tidworth. It serves as the armoured regiment of the 12th Armoured Infantry Brigade. Under Army 2020 Refine, it will exchange its Challenger 2 tanks for Ajax vehicles.[1][2]

The King's Royal Hussars
Kings-Royal-Hussars cap badge.gif
Cap badge of the King's Royal Hussars
Active2 December 1992-
Allegiance United Kingdom
Branch British Army
TypeLine Cavalry
RoleArmoured
SizeOne regiment
Part ofRoyal Armoured Corps
Garrison/HQRHQ (North) - Preston
RHQ (South) - Winchester
Regiment - Tidworth
MarchQuick - The King's Royal Hussars
Slow - Coburg
Other - The Eagle
Commanders
Colonel-in-ChiefThe Princess Royal
Colonel of
the Regiment
General Sir Richard Shirreff KCB CBE
Insignia
Tactical Recognition FlashKRH TRF.svg
Arm BadgeCrossed Kukris
From 14th/20th King's Hussars
AbbreviationKRH

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
The King's Royal Hussars receiving the Freedom of Winchester from the Princess Royal

The regiment was formed on 4 December 1992 by the amalgamation of two other regiments:[3]

The regiment was based at York Barracks in Münster at the time of amalgamation from where it deployed units to Northern Ireland on Operation Banner in June 1994 and to Bosnia and Herzegovina in January 1996:[4] it spent its time as part of 2nd Canadian Multi National Brigade and was awarded the Canadian Forces' Unit Commendation - the first time that this had been awarded to a foreign unit.[4]

The regiment deployed units to Bosnia and Herzegovina again in June 1997 and to both Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo in autumn 1999.[4] The regiment returned to Aliwal Barracks at Tidworth Camp in March 2000 from where it deployed units to Northern Ireland in October 2002; it also deployed units to Iraq on Operation Telic 1 in June 2003, Operation Telic 6 in May 2005 and Operation Telic 10 in June 2007.[4] The regiment also deployed on Operation Herrick 7 in September 2007 and Operation Herrick 16 in April 2012.[5]

OrganisationEdit

 
Challenger 2 tanks from the King's Royal Hussars on Salisbury Plain

The regiment currently serves in the armoured role, equipped with Challenger 2 tanks, and is based in Tidworth, Wiltshire. It is planned to continue this role and retain its base under the Army 2020 reforms but not the Army 2020 Refine reforms.[6] The regiment is organised into a total of five squadrons, each of which perpetuates the title of one of its antecedent regiments:

  • A Squadron (The Twentieth Hussar Squadron)
  • B Squadron (The Fourteenth Hussar Squadron)
  • C Squadron (The Eleventh Hussar Squadron)
  • D Squadron (The Tenth Hussar Squadron)
  • Support Squadron

C Squadron traditionally is the senior squadron of the King's Royal Hussars in perpetuation of the honour accorded to C Squadron the 11th Hussars in Egypt.[7]

UniformEdit

Crimson trousersEdit

 
On parade in No2 Service Dress.

The regiment wears crimson trousers when in full dress, No. 1 dress or No. 2 dress, and (for officers and NCOs) mess dress. They may also be worn in shirt sleeve order by officers, including those on secondment to the regiment from other units.[8] This distinctive feature, which is unique in the British Army, derives from the honour accorded to the 11th Hussars by Prince Albert, the future consort of Queen Victoria. The regiment, then based at Canterbury, formed the escort for the Prince from his arrival at Dover en route to his wedding in London. The Prince was so impressed with the bearing and turnout of the troops that he ordered that they should henceforth wear his livery as a mark of distinction.[7]

Brown beretEdit

The regiment wears a unique brown beret. This practice began when the 11th Hussars were mechanized in 1928. It was found that the traditional forage cap with a peak was inconvenient when peering through an armoured vehicle gunsight, so it was decided to adopt a beret. It is believed that the brown colour was selected by the then quartermaster's wife as a practical choice for working with oily vehicles, rather than horses. The beret was originally worn without a cap badge but with a broad crimson band. On almagamation with the 10th Hussars PWO (the senior regiment of the two), who had a red patch behind their cap badge, it was agreed in discussions between representatives of both regiments (10th and 11th) to retain the patch but the colour was changed to crimson to represent the crimson band. Since 2003 the Royal Wessex Yeomanry has also worn the brown beret.[9]

The Gurkha linkEdit

The regiment wear the crossed kukri of the Gurkhas as an arm badge. This relates back to 1945 when C Squadron, 14th/20th King's Hussars assaulted the town of Medicina in Italy alongside the 2nd Battalion, 6th Gurkha Rifles, inflicting heavy losses on the German defenders despite being outnumbered. In commemoration of this action the 14th/20th King's Hussars adopted the crossed kukri badge, a tradition maintained by the regiment.[10]

The EmperorEdit

During the Battle of Vitoria in June 1813 the 14th Light Dragoons captured from a French baggage train a silver chamber pot belonging to King Joseph Bonaparte which had been gifted from his brother Emperor Napoleon. The regiment gained the regimental nickname of "The Emperor's Chambermaids" and retained the chamber pot as a loving cup known as The Emperor. The King's Royal Hussars, as the successor to the 14th Light Dragoons, still retain The Emperor and it is used by its officers to drink from on mess nights.[11]

Regimental museumEdit

Colonel-in-ChiefEdit

Regimental ColonelsEdit

Colonels of the Regiment have been:[13]

Notable officersEdit

LineageEdit

AlliancesEdit

Order of precedenceEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "British Army to form first strike brigade, cut MBT numbers". IHS Janes. Retrieved 18 December 2016.
  2. ^ "Strategic Defence and Security Review - Army:Written statement - HCWS367 - UK Parliament". Parliament.uk. 2014-12-04. Retrieved 2016-12-16.
  3. ^ "The King's Royal Hussars - History and Traditions". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d "King's Royal Hussars". British Army units 1945 on. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  5. ^ "King's Royal Hussars return home from Afghanistan". Ministry of Defence. 22 October 2012. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  6. ^ "Regular Army Basing Plan - 5 Mar 2013" (PDF). Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  7. ^ a b Journal of The King's Royal Hussars 1992
  8. ^ "The Regiment - The King's Own Royal Hussars" Issue 9
  9. ^ "Y (RWY) Squadron in 2014" (PDF). Chain Mail. p. 20. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  10. ^ "Medicina1015". Noah's Arc: The Club of the 14th/20th King's Hussars. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  11. ^ "The Emperor 1813". The King's Royal Hussars. Retrieved 27 August 2016.
  12. ^ "The museum". Horsepower. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  13. ^ "The King's Royal Hussars". regiments.org. Archived from the original on 12 January 2008. Retrieved 27 July 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)

External linksEdit