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King's-Edgehill School is a Canadian private university-preparatory boarding and day school located in the town of Windsor, Nova Scotia. It is the oldest independent school in the Commonwealth outside the United Kingdom, founded by United Empire Loyalists as King's Collegiate School in 1788, and granted Royal Charter by King George III in 1802.

King's-Edgehill School
KESCrests.jpg
Address
33 King's-Edgehill Lane

Windsor
,
Nova Scotia
,
B0N 2T0

Canada
Information
TypeIndependent Co-educational Secondary
MottoBe More!
Established1788
HeadmasterJoseph F. Seagram
Grades6–12
Number of students340-350(Approx. 220 Boarders, 130 Day Students)
Color(s)Red and Blue         
Website
Official nameKing's College National Historic Site of Canada
Designated1923

Contents

History Of King's Collegiate SchoolEdit

 
Charles Inglis by Robert Field

The agricultural town of Windsor was chosen by Charles Inglis, first overseas Bishop of the Anglican Church, for the founding of the school over the larger military centre and colonial capital of Halifax, some 60 km (40 mi) to the southeast), so "...that it be well away from taverns and houses of ill fame".[citation needed]

In April 1789, King George III gave Royal Assent to the establishment of King's Collegiate School, as well as to the establishment of the University of King's College - the first such honour to be bestowed upon any school in the British Empire. It is also claimed that Prince Edward, Duke of Kent took an interest in King's Collegiate School and University of King's College while stationed in Halifax as Commander-in-Chief, British North America.

The Academy at Windsor, known as the "The Collegiate School", and the "King's Collegiate School" was opened on 1 November 1788, under the charge of Mr. Archibald Payne Inglis. Seventeen pupils were in attendance, among whom was John Inglis, subsequently the Right Rev. John Inglis, D. D. third Bishop of Nova Scotia.

 
School Campus

In June 1890, the Anglican Diocese of Nova Scotia decided to establish a girls' school in Windsor to complement King's Collegiate School. Edgehill School opened in January 1891 and construction of a new building to house the new girls began in the following June.

 
The sandstone library built by George Lang, survived the 1923 fire.

In 1920, a disastrous fire swept through the campus causing irreparable damage to the main university buildings. With the encouragement of the Carnegie Foundation, which was promoting the consolidation of all Nova Scotian post-secondary institutions to Halifax around a nucleus formed by Dalhousie University, the University of King's College received funds to move into a newly built campus in Halifax. King's College remains an independent university, although its students enjoy affiliation privileges with Dalhousie. Its campus is located at the corner of Oxford Street and Coburg Road, occupying the northwest corner of Dalhousie's Studley Campus.

In 1923, the former King's College campus in Windsor was designated a National Historic Site of Canada, as it was the original site of the oldest university in the colonies which became Canada.[1]


History of Edgehill School for GirlsEdit

The initiatory step in the establishment of the Edgehill School for Girls was taken by the Alumni of King's College on June 25th, 1890. The project was brought under the notice of the Synod of the Diocese of Nova Scotia in the address of the Bishop on June 27th, 1890.The foundation of the new building was commenced on the 18th of May 1891. The corner-stone of the New Building was laid on the 23rd of June, 1891, by the Hon, Dir John C. Allen, D. C. L, Chief Justice of New Brunswick, assisted by the Very Rev. Dean Gilpin, D. D. , Commissary of the Bishop of Nova Scotia

During the Second World War, the Edgehill School was host to a group of approximately 30 female students from the Roedean School in East Sussex, England who had been evacuated. They travelled to Nova Scotia on the SS Duchess of Atholl.

History of King's-Edgehill SchoolEdit

 
The 25m pool in the Ted Canavan Athletic Centre

In 1976 the governing bodies of both schools decided to amalgamate, and King's-Edgehill School was born.

Both King's Collegiate School and the newer Edgehill School remained on the Windsor campus and eventually expanded to include much of the 65-acre (260,000 m2) site, therefore better hosting the athletic tournaments which take place every year.

 
Fountain Cultural & Performing Arts Centre
 
Artificial Turf Field

King's College School (The Collegiate School), Edgehill School for Girls, King's-Edgehill School TimelineEdit

  • 1787 - Dr. Charles Inglis arrives in Nova Scotia
  • 1788 - King's Collegiate School for boys opens with 17 students
  • 1789 - George III gives Royal Assent to K.C.S.
  • 1790 - The Academy commenced in the Susanna Francklyn's house.
  • 1794 - The Academy moved into the unfinished College buildings, which had begun its construction in 1790
  • 1800 - The boys of K.C.S. adopt the game of hurley to the ice of Long Pond
  • 1817 - Construction of The Academy building was begun, the story being that of the eight thousand pounds spent to build this stone building, three thousand is said to have come from the Arms Duty Fund raised in Castine, Maine, during the War of 1812; it was ready for use in 1822
  • 1822 - New Stone Structure was completed for the Academy on the College Property.
  • 1863 - Convocation Hall is built, Canada's first library museum building
  • 1867 - Canadian Confederation: Among the Fathers of Confederation are 3 former K.C.S. students
  • 1871 - Fire destroyed The Academy (Willetts House - Lower School)
  • 1877 - The boys’ school moved into a new wooden building constructed on the site of the stone building and was designated King’s Collegiate School
  • 1877 - Hensley Memorial Chapel opens on the first Sunday of Michaelmas Term
  • 1891 - Edgehill School for Girls opens with 27 resident and 15 day students
  • 1905 - Because of poor drainage, the school was moved to higher ground.
  • 1906 - Cadet Programme Begins. Cadet Corp #254
  • 1915 - The School changed its name to King's College School
  • 1920 - Disastrous fire destroys the main buildings of the University of King's College
  • 1923 - The school and the university separate; King's College moves to Halifax
  • 1931 - Inglis House is erected on the foundation of the original 1790 College building
  • 1976 - Amalgamation to form King's-Edgehill School
  • 1981 - King's-Edgehill offers the International Baccalaureate Programme, the sixth school in Canada to do so
  • 2005 - New construction: The Ted Canavan Athletic Centre, The David K. Wilson Gymnasium and The Spafford Pool.
  • 2006 - The opening of The Fountain Performing Arts Centre
  • 2018 - Artificial Turf Field Installed on Jakeman Field.

Present dayEdit

In September 2018, King's-Edgehill School officially opened one of Canada’s safest and best new artificial turf fields. FIFA and World Rugby certified, this field represents the very latest in turf technology, including a full field concussion pad underneath. Since 2005, there have been major renovations of the school, ranging from the addition of a floor to the girls dormitory to the construction of the Ted Canavan Athletic Centre, complete with a pool, double gym and well-equipped exercise facilities, the opening of The Fountain Performing Arts Centre to host musical performances, concerts and dance productions and the most recent addition to the campus, the all weather artificial turf field and running track.

The current headmaster is Joseph F. Seagram. His predecessor is David Penaluna, who is also former headmaster (1995-2008) of St. Michael's University School in Victoria, British Columbia.[1]

Headmasters and Principals (King's)Edit

 
Rev William Cochran (clergyman), president for more than 40 years
Title First Name Middle Last Name Start End Number
Rev. Archibald Paine Inglis 1788 1790 1
Rev. William Cochran[2] 1790 1802 2
Vacant 1802 1803 Vacant
Rev. William Twining 1803 1804 3
Mr. George Ironside (Acting) 1804 1806 4
Rev. William Cochran 1806 1808 5
Rev. William Colsel King 1808 1815 6
Rev. John Thomas Twining 1815 1817 7
Rev. William Colsel King 1817 1818 8
Rev. Christopher Milner 1818 1819 9
Rev. Dr. Charles Porter (Acting) 1819 1820 10
Mr. H. Nelson Arnold (Acting) 1820 1821 11
Rev. Francis Salt 1821 1832 12
Rev. Josiah H. Clinch 1832 1835 13
School Closed December 1835 1835 1836 Closed
Rev. William Burgess King 1836 1846 14
Mr. William James Irwin 1846 1848 15
Vacant Principalship July 1, 1847 – Oct 1, 1848 1847 1848 Vacant
Rev. John G. Mulholland 1848 1853 16
School Closed Dec 1853 - Aug 1854 1853 1854 Closed
Rev. David W. Pickett 1854 1861 17
Vacant Principalship June 1861 - Sept 1862 1861 1862 Vacant
Rev. John Thomas Mark Willoughby Blackman 1863 1867 18
Rev. Geo. Branson Dodwell 1867 1873 19
School Closed June 1873 - Sept 1875 1873 1875 Closed
Rev. John Butler 1875 1876 20
Rev. Charles Edward Willet 1876 1888 21
Rev. Arnoldus Miller 1888 1892 22
Mr. Henry M. Bradford 1893 1897 23
Mr. Fred T. Handsombody 1897 1914 24
Rev. Canon W. W. Judd 1914 1927 25
Mr. Charles Scott 1927 1934 26
Rev. Gerald White 1934 1943 27
Mr. N R. Waddington 1943 1947 28
Mr. J. S. Erskine (Acting) 1947 1948 29
Lt. Col John A. Hebb 1948 1952 30
Rev. J. Franklin Rudderham 1952 1954 31
Mr. Lloyd R Gesner 1954 1960 32
Mr. John S. Derrick 1960 1973 33
Dr. Thomas T. Menzies 1973 1988 34
Mr. Geoff R. Smith 1988 1990 35
Mr. John A. Messenger 1990 1995 36
Mr. David R. Penaluna 1995 2008 37
Mr. Joseph Frederick Seagram 2008 Present 38
 
Edgehill School for Girls - 1997

Headmistresses/Principals Edgehill School for Girls (Founded 1891)Edit

Number Title First Name Middle Name Last Name Start End Number
1 Miss Hannah Machin 1891 1897  
2 Miss Blanche L. Lefroy 1897 1905  
3 Miss Gena Smith 1905 1919  
4 Miss Mildred H. Roechling 1919 1946  
5 Miss Barbara S. Briggs 1946 1954  
6 Miss Jean O'Neill 1954 1958  
7 Miss Sarah E.G. MacDonald 1958 1962  
8 Miss Brenda Fowler 1962 1966  
9 Mr. Seymour C. Gordon 1966 1967  
10 Miss Dorothy McLean 1967 1968  
11 Mr. John S. Derrick 1968 1973
12 Miss Gail Emmerson 1974 1976  

Notable alumniEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ King's College. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 10 March 2013.
  2. ^ "Biography – COCHRAN, WILLIAM – Volume VI (1821-1835) – Dictionary of Canadian Biography". Retrieved 19 January 2017.
  3. ^ Hayes, David (1988). Blood Knot: The Trial and Conviction of Bruce Curtis. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0312911149.
  4. ^ "Appointments to the Order of Canada". Governor General of Canada. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  5. ^ "Biography – PRYOR, JOHN – Volume XII (1891-1900) – Dictionary of Canadian Biography". www.biographi.ca. Retrieved 27 March 2016.
  6. ^ "History of Ross Farm". Ross Farm Museum. Retrieved 27 March 2016.
  7. ^ "King's-Edgehill School Student Becomes Canada's First International Master of Memory". Inside King's-Edgehill School. King's-Edgehill School. 7 January 2016. Archived from the original on 19 June 2017.

Hockey Heritage Centre funding announced

External linksEdit