King's-Edgehill School is a Canadian private university-preparatory boarding and day school located in the town of Windsor, Nova Scotia. It is the oldest independent school in the Commonwealth outside the United Kingdom, founded by United Empire Loyalists as King's Collegiate School in 1788, and granted Royal Charter by King George III in 1802.
33 King's-Edgehill Lane
|Type||Independent Co-educational Secondary|
|Headmaster||Joseph F. Seagram|
|Number of students||340-350(Approx. 220 Boarders, 130 Day Students)|
|Color(s)||Red and Blue|
|Official name||King's College National Historic Site of Canada|
History Of King's Collegiate SchoolEdit
The agricultural town of Windsor was chosen by Charles Inglis, first overseas Bishop of the Anglican Church, for the founding of the school over the larger military centre and colonial capital of Halifax, some 60 km (40 mi) to the southeast), so "...that it be well away from taverns and houses of ill fame".
In April 1789, King George III gave Royal Assent to the establishment of King's Collegiate School, as well as to the establishment of the University of King's College - the first such honour to be bestowed upon any school in the British Empire. It is also claimed that Prince Edward, Duke of Kent took an interest in King's Collegiate School and University of King's College while stationed in Halifax as Commander-in-Chief, British North America.
The Academy at Windsor, known as the "The Collegiate School", and the "King's Collegiate School" was opened on 1 November 1788, under the charge of Mr. Archibald Payne Inglis. Seventeen pupils were in attendance, among whom was John Inglis, subsequently the Right Rev. John Inglis, D. D. third Bishop of Nova Scotia.
In June 1890, the Anglican Diocese of Nova Scotia decided to establish a girls' school in Windsor to complement King's Collegiate School. Edgehill School opened in January 1891 and construction of a new building to house the new girls began in the following June.
In 1920, a disastrous fire swept through the campus causing irreparable damage to the main university buildings. With the encouragement of the Carnegie Foundation, which was promoting the consolidation of all Nova Scotian post-secondary institutions to Halifax around a nucleus formed by Dalhousie University, the University of King's College received funds to move into a newly built campus in Halifax. King's College remains an independent university, although its students enjoy affiliation privileges with Dalhousie. Its campus is located at the corner of Oxford Street and Coburg Road, occupying the northwest corner of Dalhousie's Studley Campus.
History of Edgehill School for GirlsEdit
The initiatory step in the establishment of the Edgehill School for Girls was taken by the Alumni of King's College on June 25th, 1890. The project was brought under the notice of the Synod of the Diocese of Nova Scotia in the address of the Bishop on June 27th, 1890.The foundation of the new building was commenced on the 18th of May 1891. The corner-stone of the New Building was laid on the 23rd of June, 1891, by the Hon, Dir John C. Allen, D. C. L, Chief Justice of New Brunswick, assisted by the Very Rev. Dean Gilpin, D. D. , Commissary of the Bishop of Nova Scotia
During the Second World War, the Edgehill School was host to a group of approximately 30 female students from the Roedean School in East Sussex, England who had been evacuated. They travelled to Nova Scotia on the SS Duchess of Atholl.
History of King's-Edgehill SchoolEdit
In 1976 the governing bodies of both schools decided to amalgamate, and King's-Edgehill School was born.
Both King's Collegiate School and the newer Edgehill School remained on the Windsor campus and eventually expanded to include much of the 65-acre (260,000 m2) site, therefore better hosting the athletic tournaments which take place every year.
King's College School (The Collegiate School), Edgehill School for Girls, King's-Edgehill School TimelineEdit
- 1787 - Dr. Charles Inglis arrives in Nova Scotia
- 1788 - King's Collegiate School for boys opens with 17 students
- 1789 - George III gives Royal Assent to K.C.S.
- 1790 - The Academy commenced in the Susanna Francklyn's house.
- 1794 - The Academy moved into the unfinished College buildings, which had begun its construction in 1790
- 1800 - The boys of K.C.S. adopt the game of hurley to the ice of Long Pond
- 1817 - Construction of The Academy building was begun, the story being that of the eight thousand pounds spent to build this stone building, three thousand is said to have come from the Arms Duty Fund raised in Castine, Maine, during the War of 1812; it was ready for use in 1822
- 1822 - New Stone Structure was completed for the Academy on the College Property.
- 1863 - Convocation Hall is built, Canada's first library museum building
- 1867 - Canadian Confederation: Among the Fathers of Confederation are 3 former K.C.S. students
- 1871 - Fire destroyed The Academy (Willetts House - Lower School)
- 1877 - The boys’ school moved into a new wooden building constructed on the site of the stone building and was designated King’s Collegiate School
- 1877 - Hensley Memorial Chapel opens on the first Sunday of Michaelmas Term
- 1891 - Edgehill School for Girls opens with 27 resident and 15 day students
- 1905 - Because of poor drainage, the school was moved to higher ground.
- 1906 - Cadet Programme Begins. Cadet Corp #254
- 1915 - The School changed its name to King's College School
- 1920 - Disastrous fire destroys the main buildings of the University of King's College
- 1923 - The school and the university separate; King's College moves to Halifax
- 1931 - Inglis House is erected on the foundation of the original 1790 College building
- 1976 - Amalgamation to form King's-Edgehill School
- 1981 - King's-Edgehill offers the International Baccalaureate Programme, the sixth school in Canada to do so
- 2005 - New construction: The Ted Canavan Athletic Centre, The David K. Wilson Gymnasium and The Spafford Pool.
- 2006 - The opening of The Fountain Performing Arts Centre
- 2018 - Artificial Turf Field Installed on Jakeman Field.
In September 2018, King's-Edgehill School officially opened one of Canada’s safest and best new artificial turf fields. FIFA and World Rugby certified, this field represents the very latest in turf technology, including a full field concussion pad underneath. Since 2005, there have been major renovations of the school, ranging from the addition of a floor to the girls dormitory to the construction of the Ted Canavan Athletic Centre, complete with a pool, double gym and well-equipped exercise facilities, the opening of The Fountain Performing Arts Centre to host musical performances, concerts and dance productions and the most recent addition to the campus, the all weather artificial turf field and running track.
Headmasters and Principals (King's)Edit
|Title||First Name||Middle||Last Name||Start||End||Number|
|Rev.||Dr. Charles||Porter (Acting)||1819||1820||10|
|School Closed December 1835||1835||1836||Closed|
|Vacant Principalship July 1, 1847 – Oct 1, 1848||1847||1848||Vacant|
|School Closed Dec 1853 - Aug 1854||1853||1854||Closed|
|Vacant Principalship June 1861 - Sept 1862||1861||1862||Vacant|
|Rev.||John Thomas||Mark Willoughby||Blackman||1863||1867||18|
|School Closed June 1873 - Sept 1875||1873||1875||Closed|
Headmistresses/Principals Edgehill School for Girls (Founded 1891)Edit
- David Andrews
- Ruth Archibald
- Robert Christie (Quebec Politician)
- George Cooper, C.M., C.D., Q.C.
- Bruce Curtis
- Amor De Cosmos
- Muriel Denison
- Robert B. Dickey
- Dorothy Harley Eber
- Fred Fountain
- Joan Fraser
- James Gilbert
- John Hamilton Gray (New Brunswick politician)
- Gudie Hutchings
- Frederick E. Hyndman
- Andrew Kam
- Basil King
- Leopold David Lewis
- Percy Paris
- John Pryor
- Edward Ross
- Thomas Suther
- Gordon Tidman
- Peter Whalley
- Austin Willis
- Evan Xie
- King's College. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 10 March 2013.
- "Biography – COCHRAN, WILLIAM – Volume VI (1821-1835) – Dictionary of Canadian Biography". Retrieved 19 January 2017.
- Hayes, David (1988). Blood Knot: The Trial and Conviction of Bruce Curtis. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0312911149.
- "Appointments to the Order of Canada". Governor General of Canada. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
- "Biography – PRYOR, JOHN – Volume XII (1891-1900) – Dictionary of Canadian Biography". www.biographi.ca. Retrieved 27 March 2016.
- "History of Ross Farm". Ross Farm Museum. Retrieved 27 March 2016.
- "King's-Edgehill School Student Becomes Canada's First International Master of Memory". Inside King's-Edgehill School. King's-Edgehill School. 7 January 2016. Archived from the original on 19 June 2017.