Kinderhook (town), New York
Kinderhook is a town in the northern part of Columbia County, New York, United States. The population was 8,498 at the 2010 census, the most populous municipality in Columbia County. The name of the town means "Children's Corner" in the language of the original Dutch settlers (Kinderhoek). The name "Kinderhook" has its root in the landing of Henry Hudson in the area around present-day Stuyvesant, where he was greeted by Native Americans with many children. With the Dutch Kinder meaning "child" and Hoeck meaning "bend" or "hook" [in the river], the name literally means "bend in the river where the children are".
Kinderhook, New York
Main square in Kinderhook
Location of Kinderhook, New York
|• Type||Town Council|
|• Town Supervisor||Patrick M. Grattan (R)|
|• Town Council|
|• Total||32.41 sq mi (83.95 km2)|
|• Land||31.81 sq mi (82.38 km2)|
|• Water||0.61 sq mi (1.57 km2)|
|Elevation||239 ft (73 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||262.69/sq mi (101.42/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0979116|
The town of Kinderhook contains two villages, one of which is also named Kinderhook, where the eighth President of the United States, Martin Van Buren, was born; the other is the village of Valatie. In addition, the town contains the hamlet of Niverville, next to Kinderhook Lake.
In 1609 Henry Hudson sailed as far north as Kinderhook on his exploration of the Hudson River and named the location "Kinderhoek". Kinderhook signifies in the Dutch tongue "the children's corner", and is supposed to have been applied to this locality, in 1609, on account of the many Indian children who had assembled on one of the bluffs along the river to see his strange vessel (the Half Moon) sailing upstream. Another version says that a Swede named Scherb, living in the forks of an Indian trail in the present town of Stuyvesant, had such a numerous family of children that the name of Kinderhook was used by the Dutch traders to designate that locality. Hudson had mixed dealing with the local Mohican natives, ranging from peaceful trade to minor skirmishes. As the Dutch attempted to colonize the area, further warfare broke out with the natives.
Kinderhook was settled before 1651 and established as a town in 1788 from a previously created district (1772), but lost substantial territory to form part of the town of Chatham in 1775. Kinderhook was one of the original towns of Columbia County. More of Kinderhook was lost to form the town of Ghent in 1818 and the town of Stuyvesant in 1823.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 32.4 square miles (83.9 km2), of which 31.8 square miles (82.4 km2) is land and 0.62 square miles (1.6 km2), or 1.87%, is water, including Kinderhook Lake, Kinderhook Creek, and the waterfalls of Valatie.
The north town line is the border of Rensselaer County.
Arts and cultureEdit
President Martin Van Buren's retirement home, Lindenwald, is in the town of Kinderhook. The Dutch Colonial Luykas Van Alen House, a National Historic Landmark (c.1737), is thought to be author Washington Irving's inspiration for the "Van Tassel family" farm in his classic story "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow", as Irving — a friend of Van Buren — was a frequent visitor and sometime resident to the area. The 19th-century rural Ichabod Crane Schoolhouse, named for the Washington Irving character patterned after Kinderhook schoolteacher, Jesse Merwin, is adjacent to the Van Alen House.
The Columbia County Historical Society is headquartered in the town, with four historic properties, including the 1737 Luykas Van Alen House, the 1850 Ichabod Crane Schoolhouse, the c1819 James Vanderpoel 'House of History', and the 1915 CCHS Museum & Library building. The Historical Society also owns and exhibits a permanent collection consisting of important and unique genealogical materials, archives, paintings, textiles, furniture and decorative arts relating to Columbia County's culture and heritage.
The James Vanderpoel House, known as "The House of History", on Broad Street in Kinderhook village was built circa 1819 and is an important example of high-style Federal architecture that is owned and maintained by the Columbia County Historical Society. The Old Columbia Academy was an early Dutch school established on March 13, 1787. The school was renamed Kinderhook Academy on April 3, 1824.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,296 people, 3,165 households, and 2,247 families residing in the town. The population density was 260.6 people per square mile (100.6/km²). There were 3,434 housing units at an average density of 107.9 per square mile (41.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.31% White, 0.68% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.86% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 0.57% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.41% of the population.
There were 3,165 households out of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.5% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.0% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the town, the population was spread out with 24.5% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $52,604, and the median income for a family was $61,074. Males had a median income of $41,386 versus $27,880 for females. The per capita income for the town was $24,259. About 2.8% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.3% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 65 or over.
Patrick Grattan is the Town Supervisor.
- Aaron Burr, the 3rd US Vice President, concealed himself briefly in Kinderhook after fatally wounding Alexander Hamilton in a duel
- John Faso, U.S. representative from New York's 19th congressional district, former New York State Assembly Minority Leader and failed candidate for comptroller (2002) and governor (2006)
- Chris Gibson, former U.S. representative from New York's 20th congressional district
- William S. Groesbeck, U.S. representative
- Washington Irving, author, lived in the town of Kinderhook for about eight weeks in 1809 after the death of his fiancée; wrote portions of A History of New-York from the Beginning of the World to the End of the Dutch Dynasty in Kinderhook
- Mariela Jácome, athlete, played on Ecuador women's national football team during the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup
- Jennie Jerome, mother of Winston Churchill, lived in Kinderhook after her father acquired Van Buren's home
- Jesse Merwin, Kinderhook schoolteacher known to be the 'pattern' for the character, "Ichabod Crane, and longtime friend of Washington Irving; Merwin maintained correspondence with Irving for several decades (Merwin later retired from teaching and became an attorney).
- John Woodward Philip, naval officer during the Civil War and Spanish–American War
- Donald L. Rutherford, 23rd Chief of Chaplains of the United States Army
- Nicholas Sickles, U.S. representative
- John Evert Van Alen, U.S. representative
- Martin Van Buren, the 8th US president, was born and lived in Kinderhook. His nickname "Old Kinderhook" may have given rise to the expression "OK" and its attendant hand gesture.
- Cornelius P. Van Ness, 10th governor of Vermont
- Peter van Schaack, Kinderhook lawyer and notable British Loyalist during the American Revolution
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 4, 2017.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
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- Collier, Edward Augustus (1914). A History of Old Kinderhook from Aboriginal Days to the Present Time: Including the Story of the Early Settlers, Their Homesteads, Their Traditions, and Their Descendants; with an Account of Their Civic, Social, Political, Educational, and Religious Life. G. P. Putnam's Sons. p. 2. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- "Town of Kinderhook New York". Town of Kinderhook, New York. Archived from the original on December 10, 2014. Retrieved July 22, 2014.
- Edward A Collier, D.D., A History of Old Kinderhook. G.P. Putman & Sons, 1914, p.44
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- "History". Columbia County, New York. Retrieved July 22, 2014.
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- "Columbia County Historical Sites". Columbia County. Retrieved March 3, 2017.
- Buff, Sheila (2009). Insiders' Guide® to the Hudson River Valley. Globe Pequot. p. 26. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- "James Vanderpoel House". Hudson River Valley National Heritage Area. Retrieved July 23, 2014.
- Hallenbeck, Brent (February 25, 2016). "Going Home, new Weekend feature: Columbia County, N.Y.". Section: "Kinderhook". The Burlington Free Press. burlingtonfreepress.com. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
- "About the Gallery". Jack Shainman Gallery. jackshainman.com. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Faso, John J., (1952 - )". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved August 2, 2017.
- "An Ill-Timed Candidate Believes His Time Is Now". The New York Times. Retrieved July 23, 2014.
- "Gibson, Christopher (1964 - )". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved July 23, 2014.
- "Kinderhook, New York". City-Data.com. Retrieved July 23, 2014.
- "Connecticut's Sleepy Hollow". ConnecticutHistory.org. Retrieved July 23, 2014.
- "Martin Van Buren Slept Here". The New York Times. Retrieved July 23, 2014.
- "Sickles, Nicholas (1801 - 1845)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved July 23, 2014.
- "Van Alen, John Evert (1749 - 1807)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved July 31, 2014.
- Newman, Roger K. (2009). The Yale Biographical Dictionary of American Law. Yale University Press. p. 560. Retrieved 23 July 2014.