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Gim Jongjik (Hangul:김종직, 1431–1492), often known by his pen name Jeompiljae(점필재), was a leading Korean Neo-Confucian scholar in the early Joseon Dynasty. He was born in Miryang in Gyeongsang province, to a yangban family of the Seonsan Gim lineage. He passed the jinsa literary licentiate examination in 1453 and the higher examination in 1459.

Gim Jongjik
Yerim Yukdeoksa 2.jpg
Shrine to Gim Jongjik in Miryang.
Korean name
Hangul
김종직
Hanja
金宗直
Revised RomanizationGim Jongjik
McCune–ReischauerGim Chongjik
Pen name
Hangul
점필재
Hanja
佔畢齋
Revised RomanizationJeompiljae
McCune–ReischauerChŏmp'ilchae
Courtesy name
Hangul
계온 or 효관
Hanja
季? or 孝盥
Revised RomanizationGyeon, or Hyogwan
McCune–ReischauerKyeon, or Hyogwan
Posthumous name
Hangul
문충
Hanja
文忠
Revised RomanizationMunchung
McCune–ReischauerMunch'ung

After passing the examination, Gim entered government service, holding a wide range of positions. He earned the special favor of King Seongjong, as well as the enmity of the Hungupa (Loyal Retainers) faction.

After his death, Gim Jongjik's writings became the basis for the First Literati Purge of 1498 under the rule of Prince Yeonsan. His students included Gim Goeng-pil, who was killed in the subsequent Second Literati Purge or Gapja massacre of scholar along with many others. Later Gim Jongjik's memory was rehabilitated, and he was enshrined in various seowon including Yerim Seowon in Miryang and Geumo Seowon in Gumi.

Work bookEdit

  • Jeomphiljaejip (점필재집, 佔畢齋集)
  • Chunggupungah (청구풍아, 靑丘風雅)
  • Dongmunsoo (동문수, 東文粹)
  • DanghooIlgi (당후일기)
  • YudooYurok (유두유록, 遊頭流錄)
  • Gihaengrok (기행록, 紀行錄)

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit