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Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police

The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police (Urdu: خیبر پختونخوا پولیس) (formerly the Frontier Police) is responsible for law enforcement and policing in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.

KP Police
خیبر پختونخوا پولیس
KPK Police Logo.svg
Seal
Common nameKP Police
AbbreviationKPP
Agency overview
Formed14 August 1973
Employees83,000
Annual budgetPKR 28,534.630 million
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdictionPakistan
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in Pakistan.svg
Map of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police Department's jurisdiction in Pakistan
Legal jurisdictionKhyber Pakhtunkhwa
Constituting instrument
  • Yes
General nature
HeadquartersCentral Police Office
Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum Road
Civil Secretariat Peshawar
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Agency executive
Parent agencyPolice Service of Pakistan
Website
http://police.kp.gov.pk/

HistoryEdit

The areas that constitute the present-day Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province have witnessed influences from various civilizations, such as the Persians, Greeks, Bactrians and the Kushans. Further, the land of Pashtun came under the rule of the Ghaznavi, Ghauri, Timurid, Afghan, Mughal and the Sikh dynasties as well. These dynasties maintained various arrangements to police over its populations, such as instating kotwals in cities, chaukidars in villages, barkandaz for the supervision of labour work of convicts and private militia in different Khanates of the time.

In 1849, the land of the Pashtun was annexed by the British. Initially the British maintained the policing system of the Mughals and Sikhs in major part of the Pashtun land, however, to establish durable peace and security Punjab Frontier Force was raised. After the war of independence in 1857, there was no organised police force in India and a full-fledged policing system was established under Police Act of 1861. The Act was extended to frontier territory in 1889 and a number of armed personnel were placed at the disposal of the Deputy Commissioner/district Magistrate for Police duties.

Police Act of 1861Edit

After gaining full control of India the British rulers constituted a Police Commission on 17 August 1860. This Commission submitted its report within 22 days with a draft Police Act which was enacted in 1861 and the present Police force came into being. This Police Act was drafted on the lines of Irish Constabulary Act and was primarily meant to create a Police force to consolidate and maintain the British Raj in India. It was absolutely different from the philosophy, duties and objectives of Police forces in Great Britain.

In 1901, the frontier territory was constituted as a province called the North-West Frontier Province (N-WFP) and placed under the Chief Commissioner control who used to agent to the Governor General of India. In this new province, two administrative systems were established: The British territory of the province was divided into five Settled Districts, i.e. Hazara, Peshawar, Kohat, Bannu and Dera Ismail Khan and the territories lying in the North and the West of the settled districts were divided into five Political Agencies, i.e. Khyber, Mohmand, Kurrum, North Waziristan & the South Waziristan Agencies. Each Political Agency was under a Political Agent. The Settled Districts were under the Inspector General of Police (IGP) of the N-WFP. Criminal Courts were established under Code of Criminal Procedure in 1889. There was Cantonment Police for the protections of garrisons as well.

For Political Agencies, different Levies were raised like Samana Rifles, Border Military Police, Chitral Scouts and Kurrum Militia. In addition to the Levies, the indigenous Maliki and Khasadari systems were also allowed to continue. Samana Rifles and Border Military Police were later merged in 1913 to form a new force – the Frontier Constabulary (FC) was constituted. In 1935, Police Training School was established in Hangu.

After a reasonable time of its introduction and operations on ground, the government of India appointed a seven member Commission headed by Andrew Henderson Leith Fraser on 9 July 1902 in order to have a detailed review and to recommend possible improvements. The Commission recommended limited organizational and procedural modifications.

After IndependenceEdit

The Police Rules were framed in 1934 which provide detailed instructions/procedures on all aspects of Police working. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the Police Act of 1861 was still in vogue, yet successive governments appointed 24 commissions and committees to suggest proposals to improve the police force in teething country.

From 1901 to 1947, all Inspector General were British military of civil officers. After independence in 1947, Khan Gul Muhammad Khan became the first local IG Police in 1948. In 1955, Muhammad Anwar Ali became the IGP when NWFP became part of West Pakistan under One Unit System. MAK Chaudhary was posted as IGP NWFP in 1970 after the abolishment of the One Unit system. In 2010, NWFP was renamed as Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) during the tenure of IGP Malik Naveed Khan.

Modern timesEdit

From 1947 to 2001, no major paradigm shift took place in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa police organisation except when the police uniform was changed and black coloured shirt was introduced while the Khaki drill trousers of Pakistan Army was kept intact. This was done during President Muhammad Ayub Khan's time. This pattern of uniform is still in use.

The Government promulgated a new police order 2002 which brought many important changes in the police system and made it more responsive accountable and democratic.

Special Police OrganizationsEdit

  • Rapid Response Force - Known by its initials, the RRF is a special combat unit in the police department and has the ability for rapid deployment. It is equipped with latest technological weapons and gear, it is mastered in counter terrorism, hostage rescue and any other security matters. The uniform for such officers and commandos is all black with the elite police logo.

The Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa government will provide funding for police commandos to receive training along the pattern of the al Zarrar company of the Pakistan Army’s Special Services Group. The govt has also set up a training school in Nowshehra for this very sole purpose.

  • Reserve Frontier Police, a 10,000 man force operating in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province (formerly "North West Frontier Province").[1]
  • Elite force - a specialized unite of 6,000 high risk security operations and counter terrorism.[2]
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police Special Combat Unit (SCU) - a large province wide tactical police unit

Note that the Levies and Khasadar will now fall under the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police[3].

Agency executives of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa PoliceEdit

Service colour Dark blue and red
        
Uniform colour Black, Khaki[4]
        

Inspector Generals of PoliceEdit

The current Inspector General of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police is: Salahudin Mehsud

Below is a list of former inspector generals that served the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police.

  1. Arthur Finch Perrott (CIE, IP)
    • 4 April 1938 – 3 April 1939
    • 2 August 1940 – 1 September 1940
    • 2 December 1940 – 30 August 1944
    • 3 October 1944 – 1 July 1945
    • 29 August 1945 – 3 October 1945
  2. Sir Oliver Gilbert Grace (CIE, OBE)
    • 10 April 1947 – 23 April 1948
    • 1 November 1948 – 9 August 1951
  3. Sardar Abdur Rashid (PSP)
    • 10 August 1951 – 31 July 1952
    • 1 October 1952 – 23 April 1953
  4. Ayub Baksh Awan (PSP)
    • 1 August 1952 – 9 November 1952
    • 24 April 1953 – 17 August 1955
  5. Mahmood Ali Khan Chaudhry (PSP)
    • 1 July 1970 – 10 May 1971
  6. Muhammad Muzaffar Khan Bangash (TQA, PPM, PSP)
    • 14 May 1971 – 7 Nov 1972
  7. Saifullah Khan (PSP)
    • 7 November 1972 – 12 February 1974
  8. Mian Bashir Ahmed (PSP)
    • 18 February 1972 – 19 February 1975
  9. M Y Orakzai (PSP)
    • 19 February 1975 – 14 July 1980
  10. Dil Jan Khan Marwat (PSP)
    • 1 December 1983 – 2 November 1985
  11. Muhammad Abbas Khan (PSP)
    • 3 November 1985 – 1 June 1988
    • 29 January 1989 – 5 September 1990
  12. Syed Saddat Ali Shah (PSP)
    • 12 June 1988 – 29 January 1989
  13. Syed Masud Shah (PSP)
    • 5 September 1990 – 28 July 1993
    • 26 February 1994 – 10 November 1996
  14. Javaid Qayum Khan (PSP)
    • 28 July 1993 – 26 February 1994
  15. Muhammad Aziz Khan (PSP)
    • 10 November 1996 – 10 March 1997
  16. Syed Kamal Shah (SST, PSP)
    • 10 March 1997 – 26 October 1999
  17. Muhammad Saeed Khan (PSP)
    • 26 October 1999 – 7 June 2003
  18. Muhammad Raffat Pasha (PSP)
    • 17 June 2003 – 8 January 2007
  19. Muhammad Sharif Virk (PSP)
    • 8 January 2007 – 11 March 2008
  20. Malik Naveed Khan (PSP)
    • 12 March 2008 – 30 August 2010
  21. Fiaz Ahmad Khan Toru (PSP)
    • 31 August 2010 – 24 October 2011
  22. Muhammad Akbar Khan Hoti (PSP)
    • 25 October 2011 – 16 April 2013
  23. Lt.Cdr (R) Ihsan Ghani (PSP)
    • May 2013 - September 2013
  24. Nasir Durrani
    • 25 September 2013 – 16 March 2017
  25. Syed Akhtar Ali Shah (Acting)
    • 17 March 2017 – 4 APRIL 2017
  26. Salahuddin Khan Mehsud
    • 31 March 2017 – Present

Additional IGsEdit

Various additional inspector generals of police are assisting the IGP to look after distinct affairs in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. Below is a list of current Additional IGPs:

  • Addl:IGP Headquarters, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: Ashraf Noor
  • Addl:IGP Elite Police Force, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: Naeem Khan

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "History". Frontier Police. Retrieved 1 July 2008.
  2. ^ http://police.kp.gov.pk/page/welome/page_type/message
  3. ^ https://www.samaa.tv/news/2019/02/policing-responsibility-in-the-merged-districts-given-to-levies-and-khasadar-forces/
  4. ^ "New look: Police mulling over proposal to change uniform colour". The Times of India. 12 January 2012. Retrieved 4 March 2015.

External linksEdit