Khovd (city)

Coordinates: 48°00′15″N 91°38′26″E / 48.00417°N 91.64056°E / 48.00417; 91.64056

Khovd (Mongolian: Ховд, romanized: Howd, pronounced [ˈχɔw̜t]), formerly known as Kobdo[1] or Khobdo, is the capital of the Khovd Province of Mongolia. It is officially known as Jargalant sum.

Khovd
Ховд
ᠬᠣᠪᠳᠤ
The city of Khovd
The city of Khovd
Khovd is located in Mongolia
Khovd
Khovd
Coordinates: 48°00′15″N 91°38′26″E / 48.00417°N 91.64056°E / 48.00417; 91.64056
CountryMongolia
ProvinceKhovd Province
Founded1731
Area
 • Total70.0 km2 (27.0 sq mi)
Elevation
1,395 m (4,577 ft)
Population
 (2017)
 • Total29,800
 • Density430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7
Area code+976 (0)143
ClimateBWk
Websitehttp://khovd.gov.mn/

Geography and climateEdit

 
Street in Khovd
 
Khovd downtown

It is situated at the foot of the Mongol Altay Mountains, on the Buyant River. The Khar-Us Lake is located approximately 25 km east of Khovd and is the location of a Strictly Protected Area (Mongolian Government designation), called the Mankhan Nature Preserve.[citation needed]

As a result of administrative reforms in 1992, Khovd was accorded the status of Jargalant sum. City area is 80 km2.

Khovd has a cold desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWk) with long, dry, frigid winters and short warm summers. Precipitation is minimal and very heavily concentrated in summer.

Climate data for Khovd
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 8.7
(47.7)
13.6
(56.5)
21.7
(71.1)
30.7
(87.3)
32.0
(89.6)
34.2
(93.6)
33.4
(92.1)
35.6
(96.1)
30.0
(86.0)
24.7
(76.5)
14.4
(57.9)
13.3
(55.9)
35.6
(96.1)
Average high °C (°F) −16.3
(2.7)
−12
(10)
0.3
(32.5)
11.1
(52.0)
19.1
(66.4)
23.8
(74.8)
24.7
(76.5)
23.4
(74.1)
17.7
(63.9)
9.0
(48.2)
−2.3
(27.9)
−12.9
(8.8)
7.1
(44.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −24.3
(−11.7)
−20.2
(−4.4)
−7.4
(18.7)
3.9
(39.0)
11.9
(53.4)
17.1
(62.8)
18.6
(65.5)
16.7
(62.1)
10.6
(51.1)
1.5
(34.7)
−9.7
(14.5)
−20
(−4)
−0.1
(31.8)
Average low °C (°F) −29.9
(−21.8)
−27.1
(−16.8)
−14.7
(5.5)
−3.5
(25.7)
4.6
(40.3)
10.3
(50.5)
12.3
(54.1)
10.0
(50.0)
3.9
(39.0)
−4.7
(23.5)
−15.7
(3.7)
−25.6
(−14.1)
−6.7
(19.9)
Record low °C (°F) −46.6
(−51.9)
−44.6
(−48.3)
−31.7
(−25.1)
−19.7
(−3.5)
−8.6
(16.5)
−6.4
(20.5)
1.5
(34.7)
−0.9
(30.4)
−13.9
(7.0)
−25.3
(−13.5)
−35.2
(−31.4)
−40.4
(−40.7)
−46.6
(−51.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.4
(0.06)
0.9
(0.04)
2.3
(0.09)
5.9
(0.23)
9.5
(0.37)
26.5
(1.04)
35.0
(1.38)
22.7
(0.89)
10.6
(0.42)
4.6
(0.18)
1.8
(0.07)
1.6
(0.06)
122.8
(4.83)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 0.3 0.2 0.6 1.4 2.4 3.9 6.2 4.0 1.9 0.8 0.4 0.5 22.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 171.6 196.3 255.2 266.8 300.4 300.1 302.1 298.0 269.7 230.9 180.3 151.0 2,922.4
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [2]

HistoryEdit

The city was established by Galdan Boshogtu Khan of Dzungaria in the 17th century on the bank of the river Khovd in what is now Erdenebüren sum. Horticulture was developed around city Khovd using the land cultivating experience from Taranchi and Central Asian captives. The city was 'moved' by the Qing administration after destruction of the Dzungar Khanate after 1757 on to the bank of the river Buyant. On 7 August 1912, the Mongol troops under leadership of Manlai Baatur Damdinsuren, Khatanbaatar Magsarjav and Ja Lama Dambiijantsan captured the city of Khovd, destroyed all the Manchu-Chinese garrisons and abolished the governance of the Qing-appointed amban.[3]

PopulationEdit

The city had a population of 26,023 in 2000 (2000 census), 30,479 in 2003 (2003, est.) and 28,601 in 2007 (2007).[4]

In 2005, Jargalant sum (the centre of Khovd Aimag) had 32,351 inhabitants (6,675 households), belonging to more than ten ethnic groups and nationalities such as Uuld, Khalkh, Zakhchin, Torguud, Uriankhai, Myangad, Dörbet, Bayads, Kazak, Chantuu and Üzemchin.[5]

Khovd as seen from the cemetery

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Kobdo" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 884.
  2. ^ "Khovd Climate Normals 1973-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
  3. ^ Haines, R Spencer (2016). "The Physical Remains of the Zunghar Legacy in Central Eurasia: Some Notes from the Field". Paper presented at the Social and Environmental Changes on the Mongolian Plateau Workshop, Canberra, ACT, Australia. The Australian National University.
  4. ^ Khovd Aimag Statistical Office 2007 Annual Report
  5. ^ Dr Jörg Janzen (2006). "Feasibility Assessment of Sustainable Use of Land and Water in the Buyant River Delta, Khovd Aimag" (PDF). National University of Mongolia. p. 138. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 August 2007.