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The Khmelnytskyi Nuclear Power Plant is a nuclear power plant in Netishyn, Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine. The plant is operated by Energoatom. Two VVER-1000 reactors are operational, each generating 1000 MW (net) of electricity. Construction of the first reactor started in 1981 and the first unit was put in operation in late 1987. Construction of the second reactor started in 1983 with plans to finish it in 1991. In 1990, however, construction was stopped as part of a moratorium on new plant construction. Construction was completed only in August 2004 after the moratorium was lifted.[1]

Khmelnytskyi Nuclear Power Plant
Khnpp 2013 - 2.jpg
Khmelnitskyi Nuclear Power Plant
CountryUkraine
LocationNetishyn
Coordinates50°18′5.06″N 26°38′59.10″E / 50.3014056°N 26.6497500°E / 50.3014056; 26.6497500Coordinates: 50°18′5.06″N 26°38′59.10″E / 50.3014056°N 26.6497500°E / 50.3014056; 26.6497500
StatusOperational
Construction began1981
Commission date1987
Owner(s)Energoatom
Operator(s)Energoatom
Nuclear power station
Reactor typePWR
Reactor supplierAtomstroyexport
Power generation
Units operational2 x 1,000 MW
Make and modelTurbines and generators:
Units under const.2 x 1,000 MW
Nameplate capacity2,000 MW
External links
Websitewww.xaec.org.ua
CommonsRelated media on Commons

Two more VVER-1000 reactors are currently under construction. Construction of the third reactor started in September 1985 and the fourth reactor in June 1986. Construction was stopped in 1990 when they were 75% and 28% complete, respectively. An intergovernmental agreement on the resumption of construction was signed between Ukraine and Russia in June 2010.[2] On 10 February 2011, Energoatom and Atomstroyexport signed a contract agreement for the completion of reactors 3 and 4. They should be commissioned in 2018 and 2020, respectively.[3] Feasibility study of reactors 3 and 4 was conducted by Kiev Institute Energoproekt.

In September 2015 Ukrainian government decided to terminate the agreement with Russia on the completion of the Khmelnitsky NPP power units. This was confirmed on 12 May 2016.[4]

In August 2016 an agreement with Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power was made to assist with the completion of reactors 3 and 4.[5]

Khmelnytskyi Nuclear Power Plant is the start of the deactivated Rzeszów–Khmelnytskyi powerline, one of three 750 kV lines running from Ukraine to the European Union.[4] Energoatom are considering disconnecting unit 2 from the Ukrainian power grid and connecting it to the Burshtyn TES energy island which operates on the European power grid, to facilitate exports to Poland and Hungary.[4][6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Nuclear Power Plants in Lithuania & Ukraine". industcards.com. Retrieved 2011-02-13.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Khmelnitsky feasibility study progresses". World Nuclear News. 2011-02-03. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
  3. ^ "Contract agreement for Khmelnitsky 3 and 4". World Nuclear News. 2011-02-10. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
  4. ^ a b c Alexander Bor (27 May 2016). "Ukraine to build power line for power exports to Poland, Hungary: EnergoAtom". Platts. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  5. ^ "Korea agrees to help with construction of Ukrainian NPP". Nuclear Engineering International. 2 September 2016. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  6. ^ "Energoatom awaits approval for energy bridge tender". World Nuclear News. 18 April 2018. Retrieved 18 April 2018.