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Kfar Masaryk (/ˈmæsərɪk/,[2] Hebrew: כְּפַר מַסָּרִיק, lit. Masaryk Village) is a kibbutz in northern Israel.[3][4] Located in the western Galilee near the Belus River and south of Acre, it falls under the jurisdiction of Mateh Asher Regional Council. In 2018 it had a population of 831.[1]

Kfar Masaryk

כְּפַר מַסָּרִיק
Kfar Masaryk in February, 2008.
Kfar Masaryk in February, 2008.
Kfar Masaryk is located in Northwest Israel
Kfar Masaryk
Kfar Masaryk
Coordinates: 32°53′26.87″N 35°5′58.91″E / 32.8907972°N 35.0996972°E / 32.8907972; 35.0996972Coordinates: 32°53′26.87″N 35°5′58.91″E / 32.8907972°N 35.0996972°E / 32.8907972; 35.0996972
DistrictNorthern
CouncilMateh Asher
AffiliationKibbutz Movement
Founded29 November 1938
Founded byEastern European Jews
Population
 (2018)[1]
831
Name meaningMasaryk Village
Websitewww.kfar-masaryk.org.il

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Kfar Masaryk, circa 1940-1950

The founders were Jewish immigrants from Czechoslovakia and Lithuania, who settled in Petah Tikva in 1932. The following year they formed Kibbutz Czecho-Lita and moved to Bat Galim in Haifa. In 1934, they moved to an area of sand dunes near Kiryat Haim and changed the name of the group to "Mishmar Zevulun" (Guard of the Zevulun).[5] In 1937 they were joined by a group of Polish Jewish immigrants who were members of Hayotzer.

Despite opposition from the Jewish Agency, who reasoned that the sandy soil could not support agriculture, Mishmar Zevulun was established on 29 November 1938 as the 29th tower and stockade settlement. In 1940 the kibbutz moved to its present site and was renamed Kfar Masaryk after Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, the first President of Czechoslovakia.[6]

EconomyEdit

The kibbutz grows cotton, tomatoes and avocados; breeds cattle, poultry and carp; and operates paper and cardboard box factories. It also manufacturers electronic devices.[7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2018" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 25 August 2019. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  2. ^ "Dictionary.com".
  3. ^ "Kfar Masaryk". Kibbutzimofisrael.netzah.org.
  4. ^ "Kefar Masaryk Map — Satellite Images of Kefar Masaryk". Maplandia.com.
  5. ^ Naaman factory: Settlement's building blocks
  6. ^ A History of Czechs and Jews: A Slavic Jerusalem, Martin Wein
  7. ^ Intensifying of the cooperation with kibbutz Kfar Masaryk

External linksEdit