Kesovogorsky District

Kesovogorsky District (Russian: Кесового́рский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[6] district (raion), one of the thirty-six in Tver Oblast, Russia. It is located in the east of the oblast and borders with Sonkovsky District in the north, Myshkinsky District of Yaroslavl Oblast in the east, Uglichsky District, also of Yaroslavl Oblast, in the southeast, Kashinsky District in the south, and with Bezhetsky District in the west. The area of the district is 962 square kilometers (371 sq mi).[2] Its administrative center is the urban locality (an urban-type settlement) of Kesova Gora.[1] Population: 8,199 (2010 Census);[3] 9,289 (2002 Census);[9] 10,235 (1989 Census).[10] The population of Kesova Gora accounts for 47.3% of the district's total population.[3]

Kesovogorsky District
Кесовогорский район
Central part of the urban-type settlement of Kesova Gora, the administrative center of Kesovogorsky District
Central part of the urban-type settlement of Kesova Gora, the administrative center of Kesovogorsky District
Flag of Kesovogorsky District
Coat of arms of Kesovogorsky District
Location of Kesovogorsky District in Tver Oblast
Coordinates: 57°35′N 37°17′E / 57.583°N 37.283°E / 57.583; 37.283Coordinates: 57°35′N 37°17′E / 57.583°N 37.283°E / 57.583; 37.283
CountryRussia
Federal subjectTver Oblast[1]
Established12 July 1929Edit this on Wikidata
Administrative centerKesova Gora[1]
Area
 • Total962 km2 (371 sq mi)
Population
 • Total8,199
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
7,617 (−7.1%)
 • Density8.5/km2 (22/sq mi)
 • Urban
47.3%
 • Rural
52.7%
Administrative structure
 • Administrative divisions1 Urban settlements, 6 Rural settlements
 • Inhabited localities1 Urban-type settlements[5], 174 Rural localities
Municipal structure
 • Municipally incorporated asKesovogorsky Municipal District[6]
 • Municipal divisions[7]1 Urban settlements, 6 Rural settlements
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[8])
OKTMO ID28626000
Websitewww.admksg.ru

GeographyEdit

The whole area of the district belongs to the drainage basin of the Volga. The areas in the north and the east of the district belong to the drainage basin of the Korozhechna River. The source of the Korozhechna lies in the northwestern part of the district. The rivers in the center and the west of the district drain into the Kashinka River. The Kashinka crosses the district from the west to the east, and, in particular, Kesova Gora is located on its banks. Finally, minor areas in the south of the district belong to the basin of the Medveditsa River. The Korozhechna, the Kashinka, and the Medveditsa are left tributaries of the Volga.

HistoryEdit

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate), but in 1727 it was transferred to Moscow Governorate. In 1775, Tver Viceroyalty was formed from the lands which previously belonged to Moscow and Novgorod Governorates. The western part of the current area of the district, including Kesova Gora, was split between Bezhetsky and Kashinsky Uyezds of Tver Viceroyalty. In 1796, Tver Viceroyalty was transformed into Tver Governorate. On October 3, 1927 Kashinsky Uyezd was abolished and split between Bezhetsky and Kimrsky Uyezds; the area of the district which previously belonged to Kashinsky Uyezd, was transferred to Bezhetsky Uyezd.[11] The eastern part of the current area of the district was in 1777 transferred to newly established Yaroslavl Viceroyalty, since 1796 Yaroslavl Governorate. It belonged to Myshkinsky Uyezd.

On July 12, 1929 the governorates and uyezds were abolished. Kesovsky District, with the administrative center in the selo of Kesova Gora, was established within Bezhetsk Okrug of Moscow Oblast. Shortly afterwards, the district was renamed Kesovogorsky. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. On January 29, 1935 Kalinin Oblast was established, and Kesovogorsky District was transferred to Kalinin Oblast. On February 13, 1963, during the abortive Khrushchyov administrative reform, Kesovogorsky District was merged into Kashinsky District, but on November  3, 1965 it was re-established.[11] In 1975, Kesova Gora was granted urban-type settlement status.[12] In 1990, Kalinin Oblast was renamed Tver Oblast.

EconomyEdit

IndustryEdit

The industry in the district is based on timber production.[2]

AgricultureEdit

Agriculture is the basis of the economy of the district. The main agricultural specializations in the district are cattle breeding with meat and milk production, as well as crops and vegetables growing. The agriculture is in deep crisis, and the farms get reorganized. As of 2011, there were seventeen large- and mid-scale farms in the district.[13]

TransportationEdit

 
MYUD railway station

A railway connecting Moscow with Mga via Sonkovo crosses the district from south to north. Kesova Gora is the main railway station within the district. There is infrequent passenger traffic.

Kesova Gora is connected by paved roads with Bezhetsk and Kashin. There are also local roads.

Culture and recreationEdit

 
The Saint Paraskevi Church in Baykovo.

The district contains two cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally eighteen objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance. The federal monuments are the Saint Nicholas Church (1770s) in Kesova Gora and the Church of the Deposition of the Robe from the 18th century in the selo of Vasilkovo.[14]

There is a local museum in Kesova Gora.[12]

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 28 226», в ред. изменения №278/2015 от 1 января 2016 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division (OKATO). Code 28 226, as amended by the Amendment #278/2015 of January 1, 2016. ).
  2. ^ a b c Кесовогорский район (in Russian). Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Retrieved August 20, 2013.
  3. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. ^ The count of urban-type settlements may include the work settlements, the resort settlements, the suburban (dacha) settlements, as well as urban-type settlements proper.
  6. ^ a b Law #4-ZO
  7. ^ Law #29-ZO
  8. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  10. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  11. ^ a b Справка об изменениях в административно-территориальном делении Тверской губернии - Калининской области (in Russian). Архивы России. Archived from the original on April 19, 2012. Retrieved August 21, 2013.
  12. ^ a b Кесова Гора и Кесовогорский район (in Russian). Литературная карта Тверского края. Retrieved August 21, 2013.
  13. ^ Итоги социально-экономического развития муниципального образования «Кесовогорский район» за 2011 год (in Russian). Администрация Кесовогорского района. Retrieved August 21, 2013.
  14. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved June 2, 2016.

SourcesEdit

  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №4-ЗО от 18 января 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Тверской области и наделении их статусом городских округов, муниципальных районов», в ред. Закона №65-ЗО от 24 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 2 Закона Тверской области "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Тверской области и наделении их статусом городских округов, муниципальных районов"». Вступил в силу через десять дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №3, 21–27 января 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #4-ZO of January 18, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast and on Granting Them the Status of Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts, as amended by the Law #65-ZO of July 24, 2012 On Amending Article 2 of the Law of Tver Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast and on Granting Them the Status of Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts". Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №28-ЗО от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории муниципального образования Тверской области "Кесовогорский район", и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения», в ред. Закона №20-ЗО от 13 апреля 2009 г. «О внесении изменений в Приложение №1 к Закону Тверской области "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории муниципального образования Тверской области "Кесовогорский район", и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №10, 11–17 марта 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #29-ZO of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Comprised by the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Kesovogorsky District" and on Granting Them the Status of Urban, Rural Settlements, as amended by the Law #20-ZO of April 13, 2009 On Amending Appendix 1 of the Law of Tver Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Comprised by the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Kesovogorsky District" and on Granting Them the Status of Urban, Rural Settlements". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).