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Kazys Grinius ([kɐˈzʲiːs ˈɡʲrʲɪnʲʊs] (About this soundlisten), 17 December 1866 – 4 June 1950) was the third President of Lithuania, and held that office from 7 June 1926 to 17 December 1926.[1]

Kazys Grinius
Kazys Grinius.jpg
3rd President of Lithuania
In office
7 June 1926 – 17 December 1926
Preceded byAleksandras Stulginskis
Succeeded byJonas Staugaitis (Acting)
Personal details
Born(1866-12-17)17 December 1866
Selema, Augustów Governorate, Russian Empire
Died4 June 1950(1950-06-04) (aged 83)
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Political partyLithuanian Popular Peasants' Union
Spouse(s)Joana Pavalkytė-Griniuvienė
Kristina Arsaitė-Grinienė
ChildrenLiūtas Grinius (died 1989)
Alma materImperial Moscow University (1893)

Grinius was born in Selema, near Marijampolė, in the Augustów Governorate of Congress Poland, a part of the Russian Empire (present-day Lithuania). He studied medicine at the University of Moscow and became a physician. As a young man, he became involved in Lithuanian political activities, and was persecuted by the Tsarist authorities. In 1896, he was one of the founders of the Social Democratic Party of Lithuania (LSDP).

That same year he married Joana Pavalkytė. For some time they lived in Virbalis. In 1899, their son Kazys was born, and in 1902, their daughter Gražina was born. During World War I they lived in Kislovodsk. In 1918, during a Red Army attack his wife and daughter were killed. They were buried in Kislovodsk cemetery.

When Lithuania regained its independence in 1918, Grinius became a member of the National Assembly as a member of the Peasant Populist Party. He served as Prime Minister from 1920 until 1922, and signed a treaty with the Soviet Union. He was elected President by the Third Seimas, but served for only six months, as he was deposed in a coup led by Antanas Smetona, under the pretext that there was an imminent communist plot to take over Lithuania. (Smetona took the Presidency after two others held the office for less than a day each.)

When Nazi Germany invaded Lithuania in 1941, Grinius refused to collaborate with the Germans because of his opposition to the occupation of Lithuania by any foreign power. He fled to the West, when the Soviet army reoccupied Lithuania in 1944, and emigrated to the United States in 1947.[1]

He died in Chicago, Illinois in 1950.[1] After Lithuania regained its independence in 1990, his remains were returned and buried there.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c "Kazys Grinius". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 17 October 2009.

External linksEdit

Preceded by
Ernestas Galvanauskas
Prime Minister of Lithuania
19 June 1920 – 2 February 1922
Succeeded by
Ernestas Galvanauskas
Preceded by
Aleksandras Stulginskis
President of Lithuania
7 June 1926 – 17 December 1926
Succeeded by
Jonas Staugaitis