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Kavijanasrayam, also referred to as KavijanaaSrayam[1] Kavijanaasrayamu[2][3][4] and Kavijanaashrayam,[5] a Jain Literature,[5][6] is considered by scholars to be the earliest work detailing Telugu prosody,[7][1][8] that is, how the basic rhythm of verses in Telugu poetry is structured.[9][5] The work was authored by Malliya Rechana,[10][11][12] a Telugu language poet and writer, who lived around 940 CE in the present-day Vemulawada, Telangana region of India.[13][14][6]

While there are differing opinions on the exact year when the book was written,[1] Kavijanasrayam is estimated to have been written in the first half of the 10th century (between 900-950 CE).[1][10] This is the oldest surviving piece of Telugu literature[10][6][verification needed]and was the reference for many next generation poets.[6] It is divided into five chapters.[15] British scholar Charles Philip Brown wrote an English book on Telugu prosodic techniques based on Kavijanasrayam.[16]


  1. ^ a b c d Śēṣagirirāvu, Cīmakurti (1987). Fogotten Aspects of Telugu: Proceedings of Telugu Goshthi. Telugu Goshthi.
  2. ^ South Asian Language Review. Creative Publishers. 1991.
  3. ^ "Kavi Janaasrayamu (Toli Telugu Grandhamu)". Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  4. ^ "Kavi Janasramamu : Malliya Rechana : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive". Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  5. ^ a b c Haripriya Rangarajan; Kamalakar G; Reddy A K V S; Venkatachalam K (1 January 2001). Jainism: art, architecture, literature & philosophy. Sharada Pub. House. ISBN 978-81-85616-77-3.
  6. ^ a b c d Chimakurthi, Seshagiri Rao (1992). Telugu Marugul (in Telugu). Telugu Gosti. pp. 87–92.
  7. ^ Jawaharlal, G. (1 January 2002). Jaina Monuments Of Andhra. Sharada Publishing House. ISBN 978-81-85616-86-5.
  8. ^ Sen, Sailendra Nath (1999). Ancient Indian History and Civilization. New Age International. pp. 424–. ISBN 978-81-224-1198-0.
  9. ^ Reddy, Srinivas (7 December 2010). The Giver of the Worn Garland KRISHNADEVARAYA'S AMUKTAMALYADA. Penguin Books Limited. pp. 53–. ISBN 978-81-8475-305-9.
  10. ^ a b c Datta, Amaresh (2003). Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature. Sahitya Academy.
  11. ^ "Kavi Janaasrayamu (Toli Telugu Grandhamu)". (in Telugu).
  12. ^ Rao, B. S. L. Hanumantha (1993). Religion in Andhra: A Survey of Religious Developments in Andhra from Early Times Upto A.D. 1325. Department of Archaeology and Museums, Government of A.P.
  13. ^ Nidudavolu Venkata Rao Gari Rachanalu Parisilana (in Telugu). Rao Publications. 1998. p. 80.
  14. ^ Chaganti, Seshayya (1950). Andhra Kavi Tarangini. pp. 7–11.
  15. ^ Sastri, Kallidaikurichi Aiyah Nilakanta (1957). A Comprehensive History of India. Orient Longmans. ISBN 9788173045615.
  16. ^ Jānamaddi Hamumacchāstri, Vaṭṭipalli Subbarāyuḍu (2000). Biography of Charles Philip Brown, 1798-1884, Telugu philologist. Mahati publications.