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Kashmiri Gate, Delhi

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Kashmere Gate or Kashmiri Gate is a gate located in Delhi, it is the northern gate to the historic walled city of Delhi. Built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, the gate is so named because it was at the start of a road that led to Kashmir.

Kashmiri Gate
Kashmere Gate Entrance view.jpg
One of the fourteen gateways of the city of Shahjahanabad
Kashmiri Gate, Delhi is located in Delhi
Kashmiri Gate, Delhi
Location in Delhi
CoordinatesCoordinates: 28°40′00″N 77°13′44″E / 28.6666296°N 77.2287938°E / 28.6666296; 77.2287938
LocationDelhi
TypeCity gate
Kashmere Gate, Delhi, c1858
Kashmere Gate, Delhi, c1865

Now it is also the name of the surrounding locality in North Delhi, in the Old Delhi area, and an important road junction as the Red Fort, ISBT and Delhi Junction railway station lie in its vicinity.

HistoryEdit

 
Plaque at Kashmere Gate, commemorating the 14 September 1857 attack on it by British Army during Indian Rebellion of 1857
 
Kashmere Gate, in 2008

It was the area around the North gate of the walled city of the Delhi, leading to the Laal Quila, the Red Fort of Delhi, the gate was facing towards Kashmir, so it was named Kashmere Gate under British Raj. The monument can still be seen. The southern gate to the walled city, is called Delhi Gate.

When the British first started settling in Delhi in 1803, they found the walls of Old Delhi city, Shahjahanabad lacking repairs, especially after the siege by Maratha Holkar in 1804, subsequently they reinforced the city's walls. They gradually set up their residential estates in Kashmere Gate area, which once housed Mughal palaces and the homes of nobility.[1] The gate next gained national attention during the Mutiny of 1857. Indian soldiers fired volleys of cannonballs from this gate at the British and used the area to assemble for strategizing fighting and resistance.

The British had used the gate to prevent the mutineers from entering the city. Evidence of the struggles are visible today in damage to the existing walls (the damage is presumably cannonball related). Kashmere Gate was the scene of an important assault by the British Army during Indian rebellion of 1857, during which on the morning of 14 September 1857 the bridge and the left leaf of the Gate were destroyed using gunpowder, starting the final assault on the rebels towards the end of Siege of Delhi.[2]

After 1857, the British moved to Civil Lines, and Kashmere Gate became the fashionable and commercial centre of Delhi, a status it lost only after the creation of New Delhi in 1931. In 1965, a section of the Kashmere Gate was demolished to allow faster movement of vehicular traffic. Since then,it has become a protected monument of ASI.[1]

In early 1910s, employees of the Government of India Press settled around Kashmere Gate, it included a sizable Bengali community, and the community Durga Puja organized by Delhi Durga Puja Samiti that they started in 1910 is the oldest one in Delhi today.[3] The present building of Delhi State Election Commission’s Office on Lothian Road near Kashmiri Gate was built from 1890 to 1891. The two-storey building housed St. Stephen's College, Delhi from 1891 until 1941, when it moved to its present campus.[4]

St. James' ChurchEdit

 
St. James' Church or Skinner's Church, Kashmere Gate, Delhi

St. James Church also known as Skinner's Church, was commissioned by Colonel James Skinner (1778–1841), a distinguished Anglo-Indian military officer, famous for the cavalry regiment Skinner’s Horse. It was designed by Major Robert Smith and built between 1826-36.[5]

ISBTEdit

The Maharana Pratap Inter-state bus terminus or ISBT is the oldest and one of the biggest Inter State Bus Terminals in India, operating bus services between Delhi and 7 states, Haryana, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttarakhand states. It opened in 1976.[6] Also nearby is Majnu Ka Tilla, known for its Tibetan refugee settlement and also the Majnu ka Tila Gurudwara built by Baghel Singh in 1783, to mark the tilla or mound where a Sufi nicknamed Majnu met Sikh Guru, Guru Nanak. here in July 1505.[7]

Railway stationEdit

The Old Delhi Railway Station of Delhi, i.e. the Delhi Junction Railway station, built like a fort, stands here, with two opposite sides namely Kashmere Gate & Chandni Chowk. The two localities are linked by an elevated pedestrian bridge called Kodiya Pul.

Metro StationEdit

The Kashmere Gate station of the Delhi Metro, lies on the only trijunction of Delhi Metro Red (Dilshad Garden - Rithala), Yellow Lines (Jahangir Puri - HUDA City Center) and Violet Lines (Kashmiri Gate - Ballabhgarh). It is a transfer station between the Red Line on the highest upper level , the Yellow Line and Violet Line on the lowest level.[8] Kashmere Gate also serves as the Headquarters for the Delhi Metro.

GPOEdit

The place also has the General Post Office of Indian Postal Service, which is one of the oldest in the country.

Indraprastha UniversityEdit

Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University (formerly known as Indraprastha University), a state university of New Delhi, was also located at Kashmere Gate. It was housed in the building which was formerly Delhi College of Engineering (DCE) & Delhi Institute of Technology (DIT). Both the colleges has shifted to bigger campus in Bhawana,Rohini & Dwarka sector-3, sector-14(GGSIPU), and now the campus is handed over to Indira Gandhi Delhi Technical University for Women.

Museum: Dara Shikoh LibraryEdit

A library established by the Mughal prince Dara Shikoh still exists in Kashmere Gate, and is being run as an archaeological museum by the Archaeological Survey of India.

Historic sitesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Delhi city guide, by Eicher Goodearth Limited, Delhi Tourism. Published by Eicher Goodearth Limited, 1998. ISBN 81-900601-2-0. Page 216.
  2. ^ Nivedita Khandekar (30 September 2012). "A gate in the city wall". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  3. ^ "How community pujas came about". India Today. 25 September 2009.
  4. ^ "College to poll office, a 123-year-old quiet journey". Hindustan Times. 12 May 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  5. ^ No.3. Skinner's Church, Delhi. British Library'.
  6. ^ Dutta, Sweta (14 December 2010). "Next year, a ride out of new-age transport hubs". The Indian Express. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
  7. ^ "A Gurdwara steeped in history". The Times of India. 25 March 2012.
  8. ^ "Station Information". Archived from the original on 19 June 2010.