The Karun-3 dam is a hydroelectric dam on the Karun river located in the province of Khuzestan, Iran. It was built to help meet Iran's energy demands as well as to provide seasonal flood control. The Karun river has the highest discharge slits and seasonal flooding in Iran.
|Dam and spillways|
|Type of dam||Arch dam|
|Height||205 m (673 ft)|
|Length||462 m (1,516 ft)|
|Width (base)||29.5 m (97 ft)|
|Spillway capacity||15,000 m3/s (530,000 cu ft/s)|
|Total capacity||2,970,000,000 m3 (2,410,000 acre⋅ft)|
|Surface area||48 km2 (19 sq mi)|
|Turbines||8 x 285 MW Francis-type|
|Installed capacity||2,280 MW|
|Annual generation||4,137 GWh|
The Karun-3 power generators are connected to the national power grid. With peak power generation at 2,280 MW,, average annual electric power generation is 4,137 GWh. The dam has one of the largest generator capacities in Iran which help the electric power shortage during the peak usage in the summer time.
The arch dam design is ideal for this location which has a narrow, rocky gorge behind the water reservoir. Moreover, because of its arch shape, the force of the reservoir water presses downward against the dam which strengthens the dam foundation.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Karun-3 Dam.|
- "Hydroelectric Power Plants in Iran". IndustCards. Retrieved 21 February 2013.[permanent dead link]
- "Basic information". Archived from the original on 2006-10-31. Retrieved 2007-02-04.
- "Dam history". Archived from the original on 2008-07-06. Retrieved 2007-02-04.
- http://www.industcards.com/hydro-iran.htm[permanent dead link]
- "Karum3 dam body - technical information". Archived from the original on 2006-10-31. Retrieved 2007-02-04.
- "Dam basics". Retrieved 2007-02-04.