The Karun-3 dam is a hydroelectric dam on the Karun river located in the province of Khuzestan, Iran. It was built to help meet Iran's energy demands as well as to provide seasonal flood control.[2] The Karun river has the highest discharge slits and seasonal flooding in Iran.[3]

Karun-3 Dam
Karoon3 (6).JPG
Karun-3 Dam is located in Iran
Karun-3 Dam
Location of Karun-3 Dam in Iran
LocationKhuzestan, Iran
Coordinates31°48′08″N 50°05′42″E / 31.80222°N 50.09500°E / 31.80222; 50.09500Coordinates: 31°48′08″N 50°05′42″E / 31.80222°N 50.09500°E / 31.80222; 50.09500
Opening date2005
Operator(s)IWPRDC
Dam and spillways
Type of damArch dam
ImpoundsKarun River
Height205 m (673 ft)
Length462 m (1,516 ft)
Width (base)29.5 m (97 ft)
Spillway capacity15,000 m3/s (530,000 cu ft/s)
Reservoir
Total capacity2,970,000,000 m3 (2,410,000 acre⋅ft)
Surface area48 km2 (19 sq mi)
Power Station
Commission date2005-2006
Turbines8 x 285 MW Francis-type
Installed capacity2,280 MW[1]
Annual generation4,137 GWh
Karoon3 (7).JPG

The Karun-3 power generators are connected to the national power grid. With peak power generation at 2,280 MW,[4], average annual electric power generation is 4,137 GWh. The dam has one of the largest generator capacities in Iran which help the electric power shortage during the peak usage in the summer time.

This dam is of concrete double arch type. It is 205 m (673 ft) high from the foundation and 185 m (607 ft) high from the river bed. The foundation width is 29.5 m (97 ft).[5]

The arch dam design is ideal for this location which has a narrow, rocky gorge behind the water reservoir. Moreover, because of its arch shape, the force of the reservoir water presses downward against the dam which strengthens the dam foundation.[6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Hydroelectric Power Plants in Iran". IndustCards. Retrieved 21 February 2013.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Basic information". Archived from the original on 2006-10-31. Retrieved 2007-02-04.
  3. ^ "Dam history". Archived from the original on 2008-07-06. Retrieved 2007-02-04.
  4. ^ http://www.industcards.com/hydro-iran.htm[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "Karum3 dam body - technical information". Archived from the original on 2006-10-31. Retrieved 2007-02-04.
  6. ^ "Dam basics". Retrieved 2007-02-04.

External linksEdit