Kaomi was the half Hawaiian, half Tahitian, aikāne partner of King Kamehameha III, who named the young man the "engrafted king" ( Ke-lii-kui) of the Kingdom of Hawaii. The period would be called "The time of Kaomi". He held this position for a small period before being removed due to pressure from the Calvinist Church in 19th century Hawaii. Originally, Kaomi was a Protestant minister in the Royal Court of Kaʻahumanu, but he left the ministry when he began his relationship with the King. After the death of Kaʻahumanu, Kamehameha III would name Kīnaʻu as the next Kuhina Nui. The Christian community would blame Kaomi for many of the vices during this period.
- Mary Charlottle Alexander (1912). The Story of Hawaii. pp. 227–.
- Noenoe K. Silva (7 September 2004). Aloha Betrayed: Native Hawaiian Resistance to American Colonialism. Duke University Press. pp. 61–. ISBN 0-8223-3349-X.
- Alan Robert Akana (18 March 2014). The Volcano Is Our Home: Nine Generations of a Hawaiian Family on Kilauea Volcano. Balboa Press. pp. 69–. ISBN 978-1-4525-8752-3.
- Hiram BINGHAM (First of the Name.) (1848). A Residence of Twenty-one Years in the Sandwich Islands; or the Civil, religious and political history of those islands ... Second edition. [With a portrait and a map.]. Hezekiah Huntington. pp. 450–.