Kanra (甘楽町, Kanra-machi) is a town located in Gunma Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 August 2020[update], the town had an estimated population of 21,749 in 8311 households, and a population density of 220 persons per km². The total area of the town is 58.61 square kilometres (22.63 sq mi).
Kanra town office
Location of Kanra in Gunma Prefecture
|• Total||58.61 km2 (22.63 sq mi)|
|• Density||220/km2 (570/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|- Tree||Japanese Red Pine|
|- Flower||Somei Yoshino cherry|
|- Bird||Green pheasant|
|Address||161-1 Obata, Kanra-machi, Kanra-gun, Gunma-ken 370-2292|
Kanra is located in the southwestern portion of Gunma Prefecture on the south bank of the Kabura River.
Kanra has a Humid continental climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Kanra is 12.8 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1166 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.4 °C, and lowest in January, at around 1.1 °C.
Per Japanese census data, the population of Kanra has remained relatively steady over the past 40 years.
During the Edo period, the center of present-day Kanra was the jōkamachi of Obata Domain, a feudal domain under the Tokugawa shogunate in Kōzuke Province. Obata village, Akihata village, Fukushima town, and Niiya village were created within Kitakanra District of Gunma Prefecture on April 1, 1889 with the creation of the modern municipalities system after the Meiji Restoration. In 1925 Obata village was elevated in status into Obata town. In 1950 Kitakanra District was renamed Kanra District. Akihata village merged with Obata in 1955, and Fukushima and Niiya villages were into Obata on February 1, 1959, creating Kanra town.
Kanra has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral town council of 12 members. Kanra, together with the other municipalities in Kanra District contributes one member to the Gunma Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the town is part of Gunma 5th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.
The economy of Kanra is heavily dependent on agriculture.
Kanra has three public elementary schools and three public middle schools operated by the town government. The town does not have a high school.
Sister city relationsEdit
- - Certaldo, Italy, friendship city since 1984
Media related to Kanra, Gunma at Wikimedia Commons
- Official Website (in Japanese)