Kanra, Gunma

Kanra (甘楽町, Kanra-machi) is a town located in Gunma Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 August 2020, the town had an estimated population of 21,749 in 8311 households,[1] and a population density of 220 persons per km². The total area of the town is 58.61 square kilometres (22.63 sq mi).

Kanra

甘楽町
Kanra town office
Kanra town office
Flag of Kanra
Flag
Official seal of Kanra
Seal
Location of Kanra in Gunma Prefecture
Location of Kanra in Gunma Prefecture
Kanra is located in Japan
Kanra
Kanra
 
Coordinates: 36°14′34.8″N 138°55′18.3″E / 36.243000°N 138.921750°E / 36.243000; 138.921750Coordinates: 36°14′34.8″N 138°55′18.3″E / 36.243000°N 138.921750°E / 36.243000; 138.921750
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureGunma
DistrictKanra
Area
 • Total58.61 km2 (22.63 sq mi)
Population
 (August 2020)
 • Total12,981
 • Density220/km2 (570/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreeJapanese Red Pine
- FlowerSomei Yoshino cherry
- BirdGreen pheasant
Phone number0274-74-3131
Address161-1 Obata, Kanra-machi, Kanra-gun, Gunma-ken 370-2292
WebsiteOfficial website
Old town of Obata in Kanra

GeographyEdit

Kanra is located in the southwestern portion of Gunma Prefecture on the south bank of the Kabura River.

Surrounding municipalitiesEdit

Gunma Prefecture

ClimateEdit

Kanra has a Humid continental climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Kanra is 12.8 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1166 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.4 °C, and lowest in January, at around 1.1 °C.[2]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Kanra has remained relatively steady over the past 40 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1960 14,847—    
1970 13,615−8.3%
1980 13,737+0.9%
1990 14,343+4.4%
2000 14,660+2.2%
2010 13,609−7.2%

HistoryEdit

During the Edo period, the center of present-day Kanra was the jōkamachi of Obata Domain, a feudal domain under the Tokugawa shogunate in Kōzuke Province. Obata village, Akihata village, Fukushima town, and Niiya village were created within Kitakanra District of Gunma Prefecture on April 1, 1889 with the creation of the modern municipalities system after the Meiji Restoration. In 1925 Obata village was elevated in status into Obata town. In 1950 Kitakanra District was renamed Kanra District. Akihata village merged with Obata in 1955, and Fukushima and Niiya villages were into Obata on February 1, 1959, creating Kanra town.

GovernmentEdit

Kanra has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral town council of 12 members. Kanra, together with the other municipalities in Kanra District contributes one member to the Gunma Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the town is part of Gunma 5th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

EconomyEdit

The economy of Kanra is heavily dependent on agriculture.

EducationEdit

Kanra has three public elementary schools and three public middle schools operated by the town government. The town does not have a high school.

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

  Jōshin Dentetsu - Jōshin Line

HighwayEdit

Sister city relationsEdit

Local attractionsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Kanra Town official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Kanra climate data
  3. ^ Kanra population statistics
  4. ^ "楽山園". Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 10 July 2020.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Kanra, Gunma at Wikimedia Commons